Long Beach Transit

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Long Beach Transit
Long Beach Transit logo.png
New Flyer LBT.JPG
Long Beach Transit New Flyer D60LF
Founded 1963
Headquarters 1963 East Anaheim Street
Locale Long Beach, CA
Service type Bus service
Routes 33 fixed routes and Passport
Fleet 220
Daily ridership 82,900 (Q4 2010) [1]
Fuel type Diesel, Gasoline-electric hybrid, CNG
Operator Long Beach Public Transportation Company
Website lbtransit.com

Long Beach Transit is a municipal transit company providing fixed and flexible bus transit services in Long Beach, California, United States, in other communities in south and southeast Los Angeles County, in and northwestern Orange County. Long Beach Transit also operates the Passport shuttle, Aquabus, and Aqualink. The service, while operated on behalf of the City of Long Beach, is not operated directly by the city (such as is done with the bus service operated by the City of Santa Monica), but by a separate corporation, the Long Beach Public Transportation Company, operated for that purpose.

Long Beach Transit receives its operating revenue from farebox receipts and state tax revenue distributed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

Water taxis[edit]

Long Beach Transit also operates the 49-passenger AquaBus water taxi, which stops at the RMS Queen Mary, West Coast Hotel of Long Beach, Catalina Landing, Aquarium of the Pacific, the Pine Avenue Circle, and Shorline Village (The Shorline Village Dock is under repairs); and the 75-passenger AquaLink water taxi, which travels between the Queen Mary, the Aquarium, and Alamitos Bay Landing next to the Long Beach Marina.

History[edit]

Long Beach Transit began operation in 1963 at the time the Pacific Electric Railway was discontinuing service. The primary service area of Long Beach Transit has been the City of Long Beach and to a limited extent the enclave city of Signal Hill, but it has also provided service to surrounding communities in Los Angeles County, including Lakewood, Cerritos, Norwalk, and Seal Beach in neighboring Orange County.

The company has operated various types of bus services. During the 1970s and 1980s, it also ran small shuttle buses in the downtown area, called DASH (for Downtown Area Short Hops), and because the routes were shorter, the fare was lower than on the regular buses.

Originally, bus transfers could be obtained upon payment of $0.05 for local transfers, and $0.10 for "interagency transfers", which allow transfer to another bus line without additional payment (except for express service). Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, instead of using a common transfer with the route number punched on the transfer, each route had its own transfer with the route number printed on them. For transfers to other bus lines, Long Beach Transit used the consolidated Los Angeles County interagency transfer, which every bus company in Los Angeles County except RTD and Orange County Transit District (now Orange County Transportation Authority) used (both RTD and OCTD regular transfers worked for both their own buses and as an interagency transfer). The consolidated interagency transfer used by all the other transit agencies even had a check box naming the twelve bus companies in the county, and the driver would punch the box for the particular agency that issued the transfer.[2] During the mid-1970s (sometime between 1972 and 1976), for a period of six months, a special subsidy was available. All bus trips in Los Angeles County were reduced from approximately $0.80 to $1.25, to $0.25 on weekdays and Saturdays, and $0.10 on Sunday (bus trips outside the county were subject to the regular rate). As a result, the issuance of transfers was discontinued for all trips within Los Angeles County. When the subsidy ended, the old price returned and bus companies resumed issuing transfers.[2]

In the early 1980s, the company changed its transfer system. Instead of using books of transfers, every bus has a ticket printer, which issues the three types of transfers: regular transfers, which allow the user to transfer to a different route; "emergency" transfers (typically used if the customer becomes sick and has to get off the bus), which allow the user to get back on the same route; and interagency transfers, which allow the user to transfer to a different bus company (and gave the user an additional 1 hour of time before it expires), such as Orange County Transit, MTA, Norwalk Transit and Cerritos Transit (now Cerritos on Wheels) buses. In case of machine failure, however, operators would still carry one book of each kind of transfers.[2]

Effective in 1999, Long Beach Transit instituted a day pass, and on July 1, 2005, it eliminated transfers within the system, although the interagency transfer is available for transfers to other transit systems.[3]

Renumbering[edit]

A LBT bus stop

Originally, Long Beach Transit operated its bus lines as a consecutive set of route numbers, from 1 to 16. The numbers had no significance except that route 1 ran along State Route 1, the Pacific Coast Highway. (This is the same number currently used by the Orange County Transit Authority for its route that runs on Route 1.) Some routes had more than one routing; for example, the number 9 route ran from Downtown along 7th Street to California State University, Long Beach. All of the route 9 buses would continue along Bellflower Boulevard, whereupon one would terminate at Bellflower and Stearns Street; one would turn at Willow Street and continue along Woodruff Avenue; another would continue on Bellflower all the way to Alondra Boulevard; and another would also continue to Alondra but take a slight detour to the Lakewood Center shopping mall.

Possibly due to the successful renumbering which RTD had done in 1983, Long Beach Transit also decided to renumber its routes. In the late 1980s, the company changed all of its route numbers, keeping the original 1- or 2-digit number and adding a single digit after the number, according to which of the routes it was. The route 9, as indicated above, was renumbered into routes 91, 92, 93, and 94. The Route 15, which only had one route, became the 151. Additional routes have since been added, generally using the same system. For example, if a route extends part of an existing route, it takes the first one (or two) digits of the major route number, then adds a new additional digit on the end. This is why there is now a route 96, which did not exist at the time of the original route 9.[2]

Routes[edit]

Regular service[edit]

Route Terminals via Notes
1
Long Beach Transit Mall Wardlow Station Easy Avenue Operates daily
21-22
Long Beach Transit Mall Paramount
Garfield Avenue and Rosecrans Avenue (Line 21)
Cherry Avenue (All Lines)
Downey Avenue (Line 22)
Operates daily
Paramount
Alondra Boulevard and Downey Avenue (Line 22)
45-46
Long Beach
Anaheim Street and Pacific Coast Highway
Long Beach
Anaheim Street and Santa Fe Avenue (Line 45)
Anaheim Street Operates daily
Long Beach Transit Mall (Line 46)
51-52
Long Beach Transit Mall Artesia Station Long Beach Boulevard (All lines)
Victoria Street, Santa Fe Avenue (Line 52)
Line 51 operates daily
Line 52 operates weekdays only
61
Long Beach Transit Mall Artesia Station Atlantic Avenue Operates daily
71-72
Long Beach Transit Mall Paramount
Garfield Avenue and Rosecrans Avenue
Orange Avenue Operates daily
81
Long Beach Transit Mall CSULB 10th Street Operates weekdays only
91-92-93-94
Long Beach Transit Mall Bellflower
Alondra Boulevard and Woodruff Avenue (Lines 91, 92, 93)
7th Street (All Lines)
Bellflower Boulevard (Line 91)
Woodruff Avenue (Line 92)
Clark Avenue (Line 93)
Lines 91 and 94 operate daily
Lines 92 and 93 operate weekdays only
Los Altos Market Center
Bellflower Boulevard and Stearns Street (Line 94)
96 ZAP
Long Beach
Long Beach Boulevard and 6th-7th Streets
Lakewood
Del Amo Boulevard and Woodruff Avenue
7th Street Operates weekday rush hours only in the peak direction: (e/b in AM, w/b in PM)

Limited Stop service.

101-102-103-104
Long Beach
Santa Fe Avenue and 25th Street
Hawaiian Gardens
Civic Center Drive and Joliet Avenue (Lines 101, 102, and 104)
Willow Street (All Lines)
Carson Street (Lines 101 and 103)
Spring Street (Line 102 and 104)
Lines 102 and 104 operate weekdays only
Lines 101 and 103 operate weekdays and Saturdays only
Lakewood Center (Line 103)
111-112
Long Beach Transit Mall Lakewood
South Street and Downey Avenue
Broadway (All Lines)
Lakewood Boulevard (Line 111)
Clark Avenue (Line 112)
Operates daily
121
Catalina Landing Traffic Circle
Atherton and Outer Circle
Ocean Boulevard, 2nd Street Operates daily
131
Wardlow Station Seal Beach Redondo Avenue Operates daily
151
Cesar Chavez Park Colorado Lagoon 4th Street Operates daily
171
Villages at Cabrillo CSULB Pacific Coast Highway Operates daily
Seal Beach (weekdays only)
172-173-174
Long Beach Transit Mall Norwalk Station (Lines 172 weekends and 173) Pacific Coast Highway (All Lines)
Palo Verde Avenue (Line 172)
Studebaker Road (Line 173)
Operates daily
Los Cerritos Center (Line 172 weekdays)
Long Beach
Ximeno Avenue and Pacific Coast Highway (Line 174)
176 ZAP
Villages at Cabrillo Lakewood Center Mall Pacific Coast Highway, Lakewood Boulevard, Clark Avenue Operates weekdays only
181-182
Long Beach Transit Mall Wardlow Station Magnolia Avenue (Line 181)
Pacific Avenue (Line 182)
Operates daily
191-192
Long Beach Transit Mall Cerritos
Bloomfield Street and Del Amo Boulevard (Line 191)
Santa Fe Avenue (All Lines)
Del Amo Boulevard (Line 191)
South Street (Line 192)
Operates daily
Los Cerritos Center (Line 192)
Passport
Long Beach
10th Street and Pine Avenue
Queen Mary Pine Avenue Operates daily

AquaBus[edit]

The AquaBus is a summer service water taxi that has six "ports of call": Dock 4 of the Aquarium of the Pacific, Queen Mary, Shoreline Village at Parker's Lighthouse, Catalina Landing, Dock 7 of Pine Avenue Circle, and Hotel Maya. The fare is $1.

AquaLink[edit]

The AquaLink is a summer service 68-foot water taxi that ferries up to 75 passengers to the most popular attractions in Long Beach Harbor and on down to Alamitos Bay Landing. The fare is $5, and wheelchair boarding is available at Dock 4 near the Aquarium of the Pacific and at the Queen Mary.

Fares[edit]

Fare Type General Student Senior/Disabled/Medicare
One-way $1.25 $0.60
Interagency Transfer $0.50
Day Pass $4 $2.50
5-Day Pass $18 $9
30-Day Pass $65 $40 $24

Long Beach Transit is free to Metrolink/EZ Pass holders, the blind, the handicapped, and children under 5 (maximum 2 per accompanying adult).On April 28 2014 long beach transit started using tap cards

Fleet information[edit]

Long Beach Transit was the first transit agency to operate the iconic General Motors RTS bus in the late 1970s. It would continue to order the RTS in different forms until the early 1990s. Although all of its RTS buses have been retired, its first RTS was retained as a historical bus for a time before being donated to a museum in Pennsylvania for that purpose.

As of 2009, Long Beach Transit's fleet is composed mainly of the New Flyer Industries D40LF and GE40LF (gasoline-electric hybrid) models, with a small number of New Flyer D60LF articulated buses and one Prevost coach used for charters. Long Beach Transit is the first transit agency in the world to introduce production-model hybrid gasoline-electric buses into passenger service, with features similar to those of a Toyota Prius. The E-Power Bus (GE40LF), built by New Flyer, will be used on all of Long Beach Transit's routes as they are brought into service.[4]

Buses have four-digit numbers, of which the first two digits of the number represent either the year the bus was put into service or the number of passengers the bus has capacity for. Buses numbered in the 9000 series were placed into service during the 1990s, buses in the 2000–2900 series were placed into service during the 2000s, and buses in the 4300–4900 series seat 43 and 49 passengers respectively.

Long Beach Transit operates thirteen 60-foot New Flyer buses and had options for ten more, but due to new regulations that restricted the purchase of new diesel buses (and the absence of any non-diesel articulated from New Flyer) those buses ended up with Golden Gate Transit in Northern California as assignable options and were delivered in 2007.

Fleet roster[edit]

Year Manufacturer Model Fuel/Propulsion Length (feet) Fleet series/(Qty.) Notes
1996 NFI D40LF Diesel 40 9601-9625
(25)
  • All retired now
1997 9701–9720
(20)
  • Being retired through 2013
  • 11 retired / 9 held as contingency only.
1998 9801-9816
(16)
  • Being retired in 2013 / All contingency only now.
2000 2001–2018
(18)
  • Being retired in 2014 / 2015 replaced with BYD order plus 8 more CNG buses.
Prevost H3-45 45 2000
(1)
  • Used for charters
2001 Chance Opus 30 2101–2130
(30)
  • Used on the Passport routes / Retired in September 2012
2002 NFI D40LF 40 2201–2239
(39)
  • Being replaced in 2014/2015 with GE Hybrid or CNG buses
D60LF 60 2301–2313
(13)
  • Being retired in 2015 / replaced by new CNG artics
2004 GE40LF Hybrid 40 2401–2427
(27)
  • First Hybrid buses in fleet
2005 2501–2522
(22)
2521-2522 are Ex-Orange County Transportation Authority 5421-5422
2007 2701-2715
(15)
2009 GE40LFA 42 2901-2925
(25)
  • Only "LFA" model buses running on gasoline fuel†
2011 Gillig BRT Plus CNG 42 1201
(1)
  • Pilot/test bus for CNG technology
  • First Gillig bus running on CNG fuel
2012 1202–1233
(32)
2013 1301-1331
(31)
2014 1401-1408 (8) To be delivered late 2014

Note: † = Buses that are powered from gasoline fuel though powered by a hybrid propulsion system

References[edit]

External links[edit]