St. Mary's parish church
Long Crendon shown within Buckinghamshire
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Long Crendon|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Long Crendon Parish Buckinghamshire|
Long Crendon is a village and civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) west of Haddenham and 2 miles (3 km) north-west of Thame in neighbouring Oxfordshire. The village has been called Long Crendon only since the English Civil War. The "Long" prefix refers simply to the length of the village at that time, and was added to differentiate it from nearby Grendon Underwood. Previously it was simply known as Crendon. This name is Old English and means Creoda's Hill (in 1086 it was listed in the Domesday Book as Crededone).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)|
"Crendon" was the caput of the feudal honour held by Walter Giffard (died 1102), created Earl of Buckingham by William the Conqueror. The Manor in Long Crendon was once a great building that housed the later Earls of Buckingham and over the years the various manorial estates in the village have passed through the hands of the Crown, Oxford University, the Earls of March and the Marquis of Buckingham. The latter is presently the Lord of the Manor of Long Crendon.
In 1162 an order of Augustinian monks was founded in the village at nearby Notley Abbey. The park in which the abbey stood was donated to the abbey itself by the incumbent of the manor, the Earl of Buckingham. At the time of the Dissolution of the Monasteries the annual income was calculated as over £437; an immense amount of money for the time. The abbey still stands, but as a secular manor house. In the 20th century it was the marital home of actors Sir Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh.
In 1218 Long Crendon was granted a royal charter to hold a weekly market; the monies from which were to be collected by William Earl Marshall who owned the manor at that time. The town (as it was then) was certainly important in this period as it shared the distinction with Aylesbury as being the only places in the whole of England where needles were made. The royal charter was later rescinded and the market moved and joined with the existing one in nearby Thame.
The Church of England parish church of St Mary dates from the 12th century. The building underwent major renovation and refurbishment that was due to be completed early in 2008. The village has also a Baptist church and a Roman Catholic church.
Long Crendon Courthouse is a 15th-century timber frame building. Manorial courts were held here from the reign of King Henry V until the Victorian era. The National Trust bought the courthouse in 1900. The lower floor is residential; the upper floor can be visited.
There was a Long Crendon Rural District from 1894 to 1934.
The village has two public houses: the Eight Bells and the Churchill Arms, a brewery XT Brewing Company, a Village Association Hall & Bar, a Gastro Pub The Angel, a small square with about six small shops, an Indian restaurant, a traditional English restaurant 'The Mole and Chicken' (just outside the village in the hamlet of Easington), a hairdresser, a primary school, playing fields and two parks. Long Crendon School is a mixed, community school, which has about 240 pupils from the ages of four to 11.
Long Crendon has two youth football clubs. Crendon Corinthians Youth Football Club (CCYFC) has over 250 members, with 14 teams, including 3 girls teams, across 11 age groups from Under 6 to Under 16. The teams compete in 3 different leagues: South Bucks Mini Soccer Conference U7-U10, Booker Wholesale League U11-U16, Bucks Girls League U11 and U13 Girls teams. The club was awarded FA Charter Standard Status in 2004 and was named as the Berks & Bucks FA Charter Standard Club of the year in June 2010. Long Crendon Youth FC are an FA Charter Standard Club fielding an Under 18s team, competing in the South Bucks Youth League.
Long Crendon has a thriving Scout Group named Bernwood Forest Group after the ancient hunting forest of Henry VIII that was in the area. It has two scout troops, 2 cub packs and 2 beaver packs, one in the nearby village of Dinton, totalling over 100 children age 6 - 14.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Birch, 1975, page not cited
- Mills & Room, 2003, page not cited
- Page 1905, pp. 377–380.
- Genuki.co.uk entry for Long Crendon[dead link]
- See Arrouaise (Abbey and Order).
- "Buckinghamshire Church Photographs". Countyviews.com. 2006-10-15. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Page 1927, pp. 36–45.
- Pevsner 1973, p. 195.
- "Long Crendon School". Longcrendon.bucks.sch.uk. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Crendon Corinthians website
- Long Crendon Youth FC website
- Birch, Clive (1975). The Book of Aylesbury. Chesham: Barracuda Books. pp. not stated.
- Mills, A.D.; Room, A. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. not cited. ISBN 0-19-852758-6.
- Page, W.H., ed. (1905). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 1. Victoria County History. Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 377–380.
- Page, W.H., ed. (1927). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 4. Victoria County History. Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 36–45.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1973) . Buckinghamshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 194–196. ISBN 0-14-071019-1.
Media related to Long Crendon at Wikimedia Commons