Long Island Head Light

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Long Island Head Light
Long Island Head Lighthouse Boston 1900.JPG
Current Tower
U.S. Coast Guard photo
Long Island Head Light is located in Massachusetts
Long Island Head Light
Location Long Island
Boston Harbor
Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°19′48.779″N 70°57′27.624″W / 42.33021639°N 70.95767333°W / 42.33021639; -70.95767333Coordinates: 42°19′48.779″N 70°57′27.624″W / 42.33021639°N 70.95767333°W / 42.33021639; -70.95767333
Year first constructed 1819
Year first lit 1901 (current structure)
Automated 1985
Deactivated 1982-1985
Foundation Granite
Construction Brick
Tower shape Cylindrical
Markings / pattern White with black lantern
Focal height 120 feet (37 m)
Original lens 3.5 order Fresnel lens
Current lens Acrylic
Range 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi)
Characteristic Fl W 2.5s
Fog signal none
Admiralty number J0337
ARLHS number USA-449
USCG number

1-10800[1][2][3]

Long Island Head Light
Area 0.1 acres (0.040 ha)
Architectural style Italianate
Governing body U.S. Coast Guard
MPS Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR
NRHP Reference # 87001481[4]
Added to NRHP June 15, 1987

Long Island Head Light is an historic lighthouse on Long Island in Boston, Massachusetts. The current brick tower is the fourth lighthouse on the island. The light was first established in 1819, largely as a result of a study conducted by the Boston Marine Society, which had built the daybeacon on Nixes Mate 14 years earlier. It was a 20-foot (6.1 m) stone tower known as "Inner Harbor Light". It was the second of the four Boston lights—103 years after Boston Light, but ten years before the first daybeacon at the site of Deer Island Light, and before The Graves Light, built in 1905.

The stone tower fell into disrepair and was replaced by one of the earliest cast iron lighthouse structures, thirty-four feet tall (pictured below). In 1857, a fourth order Fresnel lens replaced the lamps and reflectors which had been in place. During the next twenty years it sustained damage in a number of storms. In 1881, it was replaced again, by a conical cast iron structure and a new wood keeper's house. Fort Strong was significantly enlarged around the start of the 20th century and it was necessary to move the lighthouse to a location out of the way of the concussion from the guns, so the current brick tower was constructed in 1900-01. Remnants of the fort can be seen to the southeast of the light in the satellite views available by clicking on the coordinates.[1][3][5]

The Coast Guard discontinued the light in 1982, but reconsidered the decision in 1985, and installed a modern, solar powered system. It received a major refurbishing in the summer of 1998.[1]

Long Island Head Light was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Long Island Head Light on June 15, 1987.[4]

Gallery[edit]

The second tower, built 1843-44, an early cast iron tower 
The lantern from the north in 2009 
From the west, 2009. Nixes Mate daybeacon is visible to the left. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 2009-09-10. 
  2. ^ United States Coast Guard (2009). Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey. p. 89. 
  3. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ (2009-09-07). "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  4. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  5. ^ "New England Lighthouses, A Virtual Guide, Long Island Head Light, History". Jeremy D'Entremont. 2009-09-10.