Long March 2C

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Long March 2C
CZ-2C.svg
Function Carrier rocket
Manufacturer CALT
Country of origin People's Republic of China
Size
Height 42 metres (138 ft)[1]
Diameter 3.35 metres (11.0 ft)[1]
Mass 233,000 kilograms (514,000 lb)
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
3,850 kilograms (8,490 lb)
Payload to
SSO
2C: 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
2C/SMA: 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)
Payload to
GTO
2C/SM: 1,250 kilograms (2,760 lb)
Associated rockets
Family Long March
Launch history
Status Active
Launch sites JSLC, TSLC, and XSLC
Total launches 39
Successes 38
Failures 1
First flight 2C: 26 November 1975

Long March 2C (LM-2C), or Chang Zheng 2C (CZ-2C) as in Chinese pinyin is a member of the Long March 2 rocket family, an expendable launch system operated by the People's Republic of China. This vehicle was developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, and the first launch occurred on November 26, 1975. It is a two-stage launch vehicle with storable propellants, consisting of Nitrogen Tetroxide and Unsymmetrical Dimethyl Hydrazine. Beginning from its first launch, the Long March 2C had 34 consecutive successful launches[citation needed] until its first failure in 2011.

Several variants of this launch vehicle have been built:[citation needed]

  • 2C/SD — Commercial satellite launcher.
  • 2C/SD — Smart dispenser allows delivery of two satellites simultaneously.
  • 2C/SM — Improved version.

Specifications[edit]

  • Stages: 2
  • Length: 39.925 meters
  • Maximum diameter: 3.35 meters
  • Liftoff mass: 213 tons
  • Liftoff thrust: 2962 kilonewtons
  • 2nd stage thrust: 742/47 kilonewtons (main/vernier)
  • Payload to LEO: 2400 kilograms.

Launches[edit]

Date Launch site Payload Outcome Comments
26 Nov. 1975 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
7 Dec. 1976 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
26 Jan. 1978 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
9 Sept. 1982 Jiuquan FHW Success[citation needed] LEO
19 Aug. 1983 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
12 Sept. 1984 Jiuquan FHW Success[citation needed] LEO
21 Oct. 1985 Jiuquan FHW Success[citation needed] LEO
6 Oct. 1986 Jiuquan FHW Success[citation needed] LEO
5 Aug. 1987 Jiuquan FHW/Piggyback Success LEO
9 Sept. 1987 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
5 Aug. 1988 Jiuquan FHW/Piggyback Success LEO
5 Oct. 1990 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
6 Oct. 1992 Jiuquan Freja/FHW-2 Success LEO
8 Oct. 1993 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
1 Sept. 1997 Taiyuan Motorola with mock up Success LEO
8 Dec. 1997 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
26 Mar. 1998 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
2 May 1998 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
20 Aug. 1998 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
19 Dec. 1998 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
12 June 1999 Jiuquan Motorola Success LEO
30 Dec. 2003 Xichang TC-1 Success[citation needed] EEO[clarification needed]
18 April 2004 Xichang Experimental Satellite-1/ Nano Satellite-1 Success SSO
25 July 2004 Taiyuan TC-2 Success LEO
29 Aug. 2004 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
18Nov. 2004 Xichang Experiment Satellite-2 Success LEO
2 Aug. 2005 Jiuquan FHW Success LEO
9 Sep. 2006 Taiyuan Shijian-8 Success[citation needed] LEO
11 April 2007 Taiyuan OceanSat-1B Success[citation needed] SSO
6 Sep. 2008 Taiyuan Huanjing-A&B Success[citation needed] SSO
22 April 2009 Taiyuan Yaogan- 6 Success[citation needed] SSO
12 Nov. 2009 Jiuquan SJ-11-01 Success SSO
31 Mar. 2014 Jiuquan SJ-11-06 Success[2] SSO
2014[3] Barcelona Moon Team Scheduled[3] LLO

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.cgwic.com/LaunchServices/LaunchVehicle/LM2C.html
  2. ^ Stephen Clark (31 March 2014). "Long March rocket boosts Chinese satellite to orbit". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  3. ^ a b Jason Paur (2012-08-09). "China to Launch Spanish Team’s Lunar X PRIZE Robot". Wired. Retrieved 2012-08-17.