Long Prairie, Minnesota

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City of Long Prairie
City
Central Avenue in downtown Long Prairie in 2007
Central Avenue in downtown Long Prairie in 2007
Motto: "Expanding Our Horizons"
Location of Long Prairiewithin Todd County and state of Minnesota
Location of Long Prairie
within Todd County and state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°58′29″N 94°51′56″W / 45.97472°N 94.86556°W / 45.97472; -94.86556
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Todd
Area[1]
 • Total 2.67 sq mi (6.92 km2)
 • Land 2.61 sq mi (6.76 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation 1,293 ft (394 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,458
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,409
 • Density 1,324.9/sq mi (511.5/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56347
Area code(s) 320
FIPS code 27-38060[4]
GNIS feature ID 0647139[5]
Website www.longprairie.net

Long Prairie is a city in Todd County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 3,458 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.67 square miles (6.92 km2); 2.61 square miles (6.76 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1] The Long Prairie River flows through the city.[8]

U.S. Highway 71 and Minnesota State Highways 27 and 287 are three of the main routes in the city.

History[edit]

the Long Prairie Winnebago/Ho-Chunk Reservation of 1845

Long Prairie's history dates back to the time when the land was inhabited first by the Sioux/Dakota and then Anishinaabe/ Ojibwe Native American tribes. In 1845, the U.S. government selected the location known as Long Prairie as a site for a USA Indian agency.[9] To satisfy treaty requirements, displaced Winnebago/Ho-Chunk Indians from the "Neutral Ground" in what is now northern Iowa and southern Minnesota were brought to Long Prairie by the U.S. government under Henry Mower Rice. It was assumed that they would buffer the conflict between the Dakota and the Ojibwe. The total population of Long Prairie in 1849 was approximately 3000. Annuity payments were made here under the U.S. government Indian Agency supervision and there were farming projects and a school. Discontented with their lot, the Winnebago agreed to a second treaty and were removed back to southern Minnesota at Blue Earth after 1855, leaving behind lands which whites quickly acquired, including cleared fields and at least two mills.[10]

The first hotel in Todd County was built in 1869 by Ignatius Reichert. The present Reichert Hotel building has been renovated into apartments.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,885
1910 1,250 −33.7%
1920 1,346 7.7%
1930 1,854 37.7%
1940 2,311 24.6%
1950 2,443 5.7%
1960 2,414 −1.2%
1970 2,416 0.1%
1980 2,859 18.3%
1990 2,786 −2.6%
2000 3,040 9.1%
2010 3,458 13.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,458 people, 1,290 households, and 816 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,324.9 inhabitants per square mile (511.5/km2). There were 1,391 housing units at an average density of 533.0 per square mile (205.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.8% White, 1.0% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 12.7% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.9% of the population.

There were 1,290 households of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.29.

The median age in the city was 34.1 years. 27.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 20.3% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 3,040 people, 1,229 households and 769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,285.2 per square mile (495.3/km²). There were 1,334 housing units at an average density of 564.0 per square mile (217.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.06% White, 0.07% African American, 1.74% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.28% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.38% of the population.

There were 1,229 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was about 2.36 and the average family size was 3.01.

25.4% of residents were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median household income was $28,237, and the median family income was $35,699. Males had a median income of $31,359 versus $20,152 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,386. About 13.8% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Charles P. Davis, United States Army soldier awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Philippine–American War
  • Jodi Huisentruit, television news anchor in Iowa who disappeared in 1995 and was later declared dead
  • Tom Barnard, the host of the KQRS Morning Show and voice over artist. Born in Long Prairie, but raised in North Minneapolis, Minnesota

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1994. p. 45. ISBN 0-89933-222-6. 
  9. ^ "Ho-Chunk timeline". Ho-Chunk Nation, Wisconsin. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 
  10. ^ "1855 USA Treaty with the Winnebago". Oklahoma State University Library. Retrieved 2012-08-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°58′29″N 94°51′56″W / 45.97472°N 94.86556°W / 45.97472; -94.86556