Long Reach, Columbia, Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Long Reach
Village
Long Reach Village
Country United States
State Maryland
City Columbia
Established 1971
Named for Land grant of Edward Dorsey in 1696
Villages of Columbia

Long Reach, one of ten villages composing Columbia, Maryland, is found in the northeast part of Columbia along Maryland Route 108.[1] Started in 1971, it is one of the oldest villages, and comprises four neighborhoods: Jeffers Hill, Kendall Ridge, Locust Park, and Phelps Luck. The village, with an approximate population of 17,000,[2] is governed by five elected village board members through "Long Reach Community Association, Inc." The Village Office is located in Stonehouse, the community center, which opened in 1974.[3]

History[edit]

The village derives its name from a 448-acre (181 ha) land grant named Long Reach, patented to and surveyed by Major Edward Dorsey in 1696 next to Dorseys Search. Dorsey had built a small stone summer home named "Bethesda" on the site in 1682 passing it to Caleb Dorsey of Belmont.[4] The property was divided between his three sons "John of Col Edward", Benjamin and "Nicholas of Long Reach" Dorsey in 1705. John's son Samuel inherited Dorsey's search in 1761. In 1782 John Lawrance Dorsey inherited the land. It was resurveyed as "Chew's Resolution".[5]

In 1769, the "Bethesda Old Place Farm" home was expanded on the property and run as a tobacco-producing plantation with 26 slave workers. Mary Dorsey Pue inherited Belmont in 1771, and her husband Doctor Micheal Pue was appointed to run the county in 1775 (Anne Arundel).[6] The estate was expanded again in 1830, struck by a tornado in 1858, and stayed in the Pue family until 1859.[4][7] By 1943, the property had been subdivided to 237 remaining acres. In 1954, the Columbia Hills Corporation developed the land leaving just 7.3 acres surrounding the house. Howard Research and Development purchased most of the original Long Reach property between 1963 and 1966 for the development of Columbia.[8]

In addition to the Long Reach grant, the 100-acre Brunner family farm, and a 200-acre apple orchard owned by Donald and Ethel Sewell since 1943, occupied the eastern section of Long Reach village. 28 acres were sold to Howard Research and Development in 1963. The apple orchard remained in operation until 1983 when it was sold for development because of liability from trespassers and drug use, leaving only street names named after varieties of apples.[9][10]

The crossroads of modern Waterloo Road and Old Montgomery Road formed the Pfeffer's Corner area which hosted a blacksmith, general store and schoolhouse predating the Civil War. German prisoners of war would be delivered to site daily from Fort Meade through WWII to be used as farmhands by local residents.[11]

Names[edit]

Many of the village's streets take their names from the works of the American poet Robinson Jeffers, after whom the Jeffers Hill neighborhood is named.[12]

  • Phelps Luck is named for the land grant, Phelps His Luck, patented to Walter Phelps in 1695.[12]
  • Locust Park is named for the land grant Locust Thickett, patented to Richard Owings in 1688.[12] The 384-acre parcel was passed on by Joshua Dorsey (1686–1747) in 1747.[13]
  • Kendall Ridge is from the 500-acre land grant, Kendall's Delight, and the 400-acre Kendall's Enlargement patented to Daniel Kendall in 1701.[14][12]
  • Jackson Pond – Originally named Hittman pond, after a water study on stormwater reuse performed by Hittman Associates, it was renamed after citizen activist Howard Jackson.[15]

Services[edit]

The 84,000-square-foot (7,800 m2) Long Reach Village Center was designed in 1971 by Kent Cooper and Associates and opened in 1974.[3][16][17] It featured 19 stores, including a grocery store, Pappy's restaurant, a gas station, and The Columbia Art Center which provides classes in ceramics, drawing and painting, and other art forms, and gives exhibitions.[18][19][20][21]

The inward-facing village center concept was centrally managed by the Rouse Company, limiting ownership diversification. By the 1980s, high rents and larger teenager and crime incidents led to a decline in business. With 17 percent of Long Reach developed as subsidized housing, a secondary goal of the developer was to place the village center close to residents who may not be able to afford transportation and want to walk to the center, with an unintended effect of becoming community open space for residents not shopping. In later years, a storefront police station was operated from the center.[22][23]

On January 7, 2014, Howard County announced to the Long Reach Village board that it would purchase the majority of the holdings from America's Realty affiliate Long Reach Village Associates LLC, pending sales negotiations and related legislation. Celebration church has plans to occupy the former Safeway and Family Market space at the center. The project is managed by the County director of downtown redevelopment, who said the county has suggested relocating the County Arts council from Ellicott City to the village center.[24] On March 3, 2014, the county declared the area a blighted zone.[25]

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map", columbiavillages.org, accessed May 29, 2009
  2. ^ "The Village of Long Reach", www.longreach.org, accessed May 29, 2009
  3. ^ a b "History of Long Reach", columbiamaryland.com, accessed May 29, 2009
  4. ^ a b "HO-87 Bethesda". Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield (1905). The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock. pp. 58,397. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bill of sale from Michael Pue, executor of Dr. Arthur Pue, to James Piper for Negro slave named Andrew". Retrieved June 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Destructive Tornado over Elk Ridge". The Sun. May 18, 1858. 
  8. ^ "HO-87 Bethesda". Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ Barbra Kellner. Columbia. 
  10. ^ Laura Barnhardt (May 19, 1996). "Farmers: town's forgotten pioneers In 1960s, they sold land to Rouse, making Columbia possible". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ Howard's Roads to the Past. Howard County Sesquicentennial Celebration Committee, 2001. 2001. p. 9. 
  12. ^ a b c d Kellner, Barbara."How the Streets of Long Reach were Named", columbiamaryland.com, accessed May 29, 2009
  13. ^ Collection Research: Land Owners & Patents, 1670–1812 ACCESSION NO. A.3.a. iii Property Owners, Land Names, & Acreage – covering Anne Arundel (Howard), Baltimore, Frederick, and Montgomery Counties. 
  14. ^ Missy Burke, Robin Emrich, Barbara Kellner. Oh, You must live in Columbia. p. 72. 
  15. ^ Missy Burke, Robin Emrich, Barbara Kellner. Oh, You must live in Columbia. p. 80. 
  16. ^ Chain Store Age, Executive Edition Combined with Shopping Center Age, Volume 49, Issues 7–12. Lebhar-Friedman. 1973. 
  17. ^ Engineering News-Record, Volume 187. McGraw-Hill. 1971. 
  18. ^ "Columbia Art Center Catalogue". Columbia Art Center. Winter 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009. 
  19. ^ Ann Forsyth. Reforming Suburbia: The Planned Communities of Irvine, Columbia, and the Woodlands. ISBN 978-0-5202-4165-7. 
  20. ^ Barbara Kellner. Columbia. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-7385-1792-6. 
  21. ^ Richard Oliver Brooks (1974). New towns and communal values: a case study of Columbia, Maryland. ISBN 978-0-2752-8703-0. 
  22. ^ Nicholas Dagen Bloom. Suburban Alchemy: 1960s New Towns and the Transformation of the American Dream. ISBN 0-8142-0874-6. 
  23. ^ Keith D. Harries U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice (1999). Mapping crime: principle and practice. ISBN 978-0-7567-1037-8. 
  24. ^ Luk Lavoie (January 8, 2014). "Howard Co. to buy, redevelop most of Long Reach Village Center". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ Amanda Yeager and Luke Lavoie (March 10, 2014). "Long Reach center merchants welcome county's help". The Baltimore Sun. 
  26. ^ "Profile of Long Reach High School", hcpss.org, accessed May 29, 2009
  27. ^ "Profile of Phelps Luck Elementary School", www.hcpss.org, accessed May 29, 2009
  28. ^ Profile of "Jeffers Hill Elementary School", www.hcpss.org, accessed May 29, 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°12′29″N 76°48′46″W / 39.20806°N 76.81278°W / 39.20806; -76.81278