Long Thanh International Airport
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Vietnamese Wikipedia. (August 2011)|
|Long Thanh International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Long Thành
|IATA: N/A – ICAO: N/A
|Operator||Southern Airports Authority|
|Serves||Ho Chi Minh City|
|Elevation AMSL||? m / ? ft|
Long Thanh International Airport (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Long Thành) is an airport planned for construction in Long Thành, Đồng Nai Province, southern Vietnam. Located approximately 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City, it is intended to become operational by 2020. It will serve over 100 million passengers annually when built to the maximum designed capacity.
Urgent necessity of a new airport
Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only international airport in the planned Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area (covering 30,404 square kilometres (11,739 sq mi), with an estimated population of 20-22 million inhabitants by 2020, of which there will be 16 - 17 million urban inhabitants, accounting for 77 - 80% of total population). Tan Son Nhat airport was built during the Vietnam War to support war transportation, hence its location inside the crowded Saigon where growth is limited. Due to location and safety issues, it is difficult to expand to meet the increasing annual growth of passengers. The maximum capacity of Tan Son Nhat is 25 million passengers per annum but in 2010 it handled 15.5 million and with annual growth rate of passengers over 15%, it will be overloaded by 2015.
The flow of international tourists to the South of Vietnam is increasing dramatically, by 15 to 20 percent annually. To motivate the domestic market (current population of 87 million, forecast of 100 million by 2020) it is necessary to build a new airport that can adapt to future needs. Tan Son Nhat airport will serve the domestic market after the completion of the new Long Thanh International Airport.
The Master Plan for Long Thanh International Airport was approved by the Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải in 2006. The airport will cover an area of 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi). It will have four runways (4,000 m x 60 m), four terminals and concourses with a maximum capacity of up to 80 to 100 million passengers a year. The cargo terminal will be able to handle up to 5 million metric tonnes of cargo per annum. The total cost of construction is estimated around US $10 billion, making it one of the world's most expensive single projects, which will be invested from the government's investment budget, private and foreign funds.
Based on the demand of transportation, the investment will be divided in phases. The Southern Airports Corporation (a company under the Ministry of Transportation of Viet Nam) is in charge of development of this project.
Number of air passengers in Vietnam's airports will reach 82 million by 2020.
Phase 1 (2015–2020)
Construction of the airport will be started in 2015 with a budget of 6.74 billion USD. The first phase is scheduled to be finished in 2020 with a capacity of 25 million passengers and 1.2 million tons of cargo per year. Two runways will be constructed in this phase. Once the phase 1 is completed, the airport will handle most of the international flights in the metropolitan area, while Tan Son Nhat International will serve some international flights and all domestic flights.
Phase 2 (2020–2030)
In the second phase, another runway will be added. The airport will be able to serve 50 million passengers per annum along with 1.5 million tons of cargos.
Phase 3 (after 2030)
The airport will have up to four runways and four terminals serving 100 million passengers and 5 million tons of cargo annually.
Relating access roads and railways
The airport will be accessible by National Route 51, Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thành Highway (under construction), Biên Hòa–Vũng Tàu Expressway, Long An–Long Thành Expressway, Ho Chi Minh City–Long Thành high-speed railway, Ho Chi Minh City–Nha Trang high-speed railway.
- "New airport in Dong Nai expected to open by 2020". Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- Planning for Saigon Metropolitan Area
- Overcapacity And The Investment Capital Headache
- Long Thanh Airport on Dong Nai government official website
- "Airport Development News". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "Sân bay Long Thành cảng trung chuyển lớn ở Đông Nam Á". Retrieved 2011-08-13.
- The Long Thanh International Airport project approved dongnai.gov.vn, August 8, 2006
- Southern province to see new airport Viet Nam News, June 26, 2004
- Airport & Ground Support Equipment (AGSE) in Vietnam by Le Son (11/25/2005)
- Vietnam: Opportunity for Bidding for Masterplan of USD $8-Billion Long Thanh International Airport by Le Son (February 15, 2007)