Longarone

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Longarone
Comune
Comune di Longarone
The Vajont Dam as seen from Longarone today, showing approximately the top 60-70 metres of concrete.
The Vajont Dam as seen from Longarone today, showing approximately the top 60-70 metres of concrete.
Coat of arms of Longarone
Coat of arms
Longarone is located in Italy
Longarone
Longarone
Location of Longarone in Italy
Coordinates: 46°16′N 12°18′E / 46.267°N 12.300°E / 46.267; 12.300
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Belluno (BL)
Frazioni Dogna, Faè, Fortogna, Igne, Pirago-Muda Maè, Provagna, Rivalta, Roggia, Soffranco
Government
 • Mayor Roberto Padrin
Area
 • Total 103 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 473 m (1,552 ft)
Population (31 December 2008)[1]
 • Total 4,073
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demonym Longaronesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32013
Dialing code 0437
Patron saint Santa Maria
Saint day 8 December
Website Official website

Longarone is a town and comune on the banks of the Piave in the province of Belluno, in North-East Italy. It is situated 35 kilometres (22 miles) from Belluno.

4,642 people work altogether in Longarone, which is 112.62% of the total population, with most actual inhabitants working within the village.

Geography[edit]

The town is located on a road linking Belluno to Cortina d'Ampezzo, close to the borders of Veneto with Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Its nearest villages are Castellavazzo, Casso and Erto.

History[edit]

There is evidence of Roman presence in the site of Longarone. In the regions of Fortogna and Pirago have been discovered tombs, and at Dogna, a burial site with coins, rings, bracelets, clay jars and a plaque dedicated to a person called Asclepius. Remains of a Roman road were also found.

But the early story of the city is not clear until the establishment of the municipality by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806.

In the Middle Ages and modern era, the city was subject to the social and political events taking place in Belluno, being dominated by several groups and families, such as the Vescovi, the Ezzelino Romano in 1250, the Scala family in 1300, the families of Carrara and Visconti and the Venetian State domination in 1420.

Longarone was the site of a battle in World War I, in which a few companies of German troops lead by Erwin Rommel successfully captured an entire Italian division of over 10,000, retreating after the Battle of Kobarid (Caporetto). Rommel was awarded his Pour le Mérite medal for this achievement.

Dam disaster[edit]

Pre- (1960) and post-flood Longarone

The village was destroyed in the Vajont Dam disaster on October 9, 1963, when a landslide from Monte Toc forced 50 million cubic metres (1,800 million cu ft) of water over the top of the Vajont Dam. Longarone lay in the immediate path of the wave of mud and water which swept into the valley below.[2] 1,909 villagers were killed.

Longarone was rebuilt following the tragedy[2] and is now once again a thriving community. The fortieth anniversary of the disaster was marked, in October 2003, by a commemorative ceremony in Longarone attended by President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  2. ^ a b Duff, Mark (2013-10-10). "Italy Vajont anniversary: Night of the 'tsunami'". BBC News. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Longarone at Wikimedia Commons