Longcot

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Longcot
Longcot is located in Oxfordshire
Longcot
Longcot
 Longcot shown within Oxfordshire
Population 574 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU2790
Civil parish Longcot
District Vale of White Horse
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Faringdon
Postcode district SN7
Dialling code 01793
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wantage
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°36′58″N 1°36′18″W / 51.616°N 1.605°W / 51.616; -1.605

Longcot is a village and civil parish in the Vale of White Horse District. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The village is about 3 miles (5 km) south of Faringdon and about 2.5 miles (4 km) northeast of Shrivenham. The A420 road between Swindon and Oxford passes through the parish 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the village.

Geography[edit]

Longcot's elms, by Fred C. Palmer 1935

Longcot Civil Parish covers 1,894 acres (766 ha). It is in a wide bend of the nascent River Ock, in typical low-lying vale landscape. The view to the south is dominated by the scarp of the Lambourn downs, including the Uffington White Horse.[2]

Longcot had many mature elm trees in hedgerows and gardens until Dutch elm disease affected them early in the 1970s.[citation needed]

History[edit]

St Mary's church 1935, by Fred C. Palmer

Longcot (or, until the 20th century, Longcott) was in the Shrivenham Hundred, with the manor and most of the land belonging to Viscount Barrington.

For most of its history Longcot was an agricultural community, but population growth in the early 19th century began with the arrival of the Wilts & Berks Canal in 1805[3] and the building of Longcot Wharf, which was the busiest wharf on this section of the canal[citation needed] due to its nearness to Faringdon. The village population declined in line with the loss of commercial traffic on the canal to the Great Western Railway, completed in 1841. Commercial traffic on the canal ceased completely in 1902[citation needed] and it was formally abandoned by Act of Parliament in 1914.[4]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin has a 13th-century Norman nave and chancel.[5] One lancet window on the north side of the chancel is original[5][6] but all other the current windows were inserted later.[6] On the north side of the church they include one two-light Decorated Gothic and one four-light Perpendicular Gothic window.[5] The pulpit is Jacobean.[5][6]

St. Mary's original west tower collapsed while the bells were being rung.[citation needed] The tower was rebuilt in 1721[6] or 1722.[5] Abraham Rudhall of Gloucester cast five new bells in 1722, followed by the treble bell in 1729[6] to complete a ring of six. Four stone urns, mounted on iron spikes at each corner of the tower, were removed in the late 1970s for safety.[citation needed]

The parish has had a Church of England school since 1717,[citation needed] the original building in the southwest corner of the churchyard paid for by voluntary subscription.[citation needed] The current school building, built in 1969 opposite The Green on Kings Lane, replaced a previous building on the same site built in 1874.[citation needed]

Longcot was awarded the Marlborough Trophy for Oxfordshire's Best Kept Village in 2002.[7]

Population[edit]

The following data has been taken from historical Census information in the public domain.

Year Total Male Female Households
1871 494 229 265 110
1881 393 198 195 92
1891 310 162 148 77
1901 256 139 117 65
1911 334 169 165 77
1921 295 146 149 71
1931 264 139 125 76
1941 No Census Taken
1951 285 143 142 88
1961 337 173 164 102
1971 446
1981
1991
2001 574 290 284 220

References[edit]

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]