Longford

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This article is about the Irish town. For other uses, see Longford (disambiguation).
For the football team associated with the town, see Longford Town F.C..
Longford
An Longfort
Town
Longford Cathedral
Longford Cathedral
Longford is located in Ireland
Longford
Longford
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°43′37″N 7°47′59″W / 53.7270°N 7.7998°W / 53.7270; -7.7998Coordinates: 53°43′37″N 7°47′59″W / 53.7270°N 7.7998°W / 53.7270; -7.7998
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Longford
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Rank 46th
 • Urban 9,601
Irish Grid Reference N135750
Website www.longfordcoco.ie

Longford (Irish: an Longfort) is the county town of County Longford in Ireland. It has a population of 9,601 according to the 2011 census. It is the biggest town in the county and about one third of the county's population lives there. Longford lies at the meeting of the N4 and the N5 primary routes, which means that traffic travelling between Dublin and County Mayo or North County Roscommon passes through the town.

History[edit]

The town is built on the banks of the River Camlin (from Irish: Camlinn, meaning "crooked pool"), which is a tributary of the River Shannon. The name Longford is an anglicisation of the Irish Longfort, from long (meaning "ship") and port (meaning "port" or "dock"). This name was applied to many Irish settlements of Viking origin and eventually came to mean fort or camp in the Irish language, and so Longfort the modern Irish spelling, is the name of this town, which was one of the only Gaelic Irish market towns to arise without first being founded by Vikings or Normans.

The area came under the sway of the local clan which controlled the south and middle of the County of Longford (historically called Anghaile or Annaly) and hence, the town is sometimes called Longfort Uí Fhearghail (fort/stronghold of O'Farrell).

A Dominican priory was founded there in 1400.

Places of interest[edit]

The Corlea Trackway Visitor Centre is located near to Longford, in Keenagh. The Centre houses an Iron Age bog road which was built in 148 BC across the boglands in proximity to the River Shannon. The oak road is the largest of its kind to have been uncovered in Europe and was excavated over the years by Professor Barry Raftery of University College Dublin. Inside the building, an 18-metre stretch of preserved road is on permanent display in a specially designed hall with humidifiers to prevent the ancient wood from cracking in the heat. Bord na Mona and the Heritage Service have carried out conservation work on the surrounding bog to ensure that it remains wet and that the buried road is preserved. There are other historical artefacts and some exhibits at the centre.

Longford Railway Station

St. Mel's Cathedral in the town features several stained glass windows by Harry Clarke studios. These include one of his earliest works The consecration of St. Mel as Bishop of Longford which was exhibited at the RDS Annual Art Industries Exhibition in 1910, where it received second prize. It was also exhibited at The Arts and Crafts Society of Ireland fourth exhibition in the same year. The Cathedral was extensively damaged in a fire on Christmas Day 2009. The two most intricated stained-glass windows in the transepts of the Cathedral it seems will be able to be restored – these depict St Anne and the Resurrection.

Longford town boasts a state-of-the-art 200-seat theatre, and a four-screen multiplex cinema, with restaurants. The mix and quality of housing is extensive and the Rural Renewal Hi Scheme (1999–2006) has ensured that a steady supply of residential development has come about. Longford town has a decentralised government department which employs approximately 300 people with plans for a further 160 to be employed at the Irish Prison Service's new headquarters in the Lisamuck area of the town. Longford's local army barracks once employed approximately 180 soldiers, many of whom were involved in UN peace-keeping duties. However, the barracks closed at the end of January 2009 as part of government cutbacks in military spending. The personnel have been transferred to Athlone.

The town serves as the cathedral town of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnoise. St Mel's Cathedral,[1] dedicated to Saint Mel, the founder of the diocese of Ardagh, was designed by architect John Benjamin Keane, who also designed St. Francis Xavier's Church on Gardiner Street in Dublin. On Christmas morning of 2009, the cathedral was severely damaged as the result of a fire.[2]

There are a number of portal dolmens located around Longford.

Economy[edit]

Longford Chamber of Commerce

Longford's main industries are food production, sawmills, steelworking, generator retailing, cable making and the production of medical diagnostics. It is the major services centre for the county as well as the location of the Department of Social Welfare and the Irish Prison Service. The town is also a local commercial centre, with many retail outlets including multiples such as Tesco, Argos and Homebase, German discount retailers, Aldi and Lidl and Irish retail outlets such as Dunnes Stores and Penneys.

Up until 2007, construction was a major local employer, mainly due to government tax breaks for property development provided under the Rural Renewal scheme. However the downturn in the construction industry, the withdrawal of Rural Renewal, and extensive local oversupply of property has caused large job losses in the construction industry and a significant increase in unemployment in the region.

Education[edit]

Longford town has a number of primary schools (for ages 4–12) and three secondary schools (for ages 12–19): two single-sex schools, St. Mel's College, (a Catholic boys' school) and Scoil Mhuire (a Catholic girls' school run by the Sisters of Mercy), as well as a mixed school, (Templemichael College, formerly known as Longford Vocational School). Primary schools in Longford include a Gaelscoil and St. Joseph's. An extensive adult education centre exists in Longford.

St. Mel's College[8] is the oldest and best-known of these schools, being founded approximately 150 years ago by the Roman Catholic Bishop of Ardagh and Clonmacnois as a diocesan seminary to train students for the priesthood. While the school only briefly functioned as a seminary, it served for many years as a boarding school, while also admitting day students. The boarding school was discontinued after 2000 and the school is now only a day school, with the largest student enrolment in county Longford. The College, known locally as Mel's, is best known for its strict rules of conduct and its success on a national level with Gaelic football, athletics, soccer, basketball and Rugby.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Longford is at the point of divergence of the N5 road to Castlebar/Westport/Knock Airport and the N4 road which continues onwards to Sligo.

N5 road used to go through the town & there was a little traffic congestion except at peak times and this is mainly due to the traffic system of the town which has a number of one-way streets and traffic signals before N5 Longford bypass which was completed in 3 August 2012.

The N4 Sligo road has a bypass around the town, which consists of single carriageway with hard shoulders and four roundabouts. It was opened on 2 June 1995 and constitutes part of the planned Longford Ring Road which will encircle the town when completed.

Railway[edit]

Longford is about 91 km from Sligo and 122 km from Dublin. It lies on the Dublin-Sligo route of the Irish railway network, and is served by Sligo-Dublin intercity services. Despite its distance from Dublin, the town also has a regular, well-utilised commuter service to Dublin. Journeys to the capital by rail generally take about an hour and three-quarters. Longford railway station opened on 8 November 1855.[9]

Canals[edit]

The Royal Canal reopened in October 2010 after years of being derelict and overgrown. Navigation is now possible from Spencer Dock in Dublin to the Shannon in Clondra.


Bus[edit]

There are a large number of bus services to Dublin and other towns both outside and inside the county provided by both the state (Bus Éireann) and private bus companies (Kane's, Donnelly's and Farrelly's.) Third level colleges are well served by the private companies during the academic year.

Donnelly's Pioneer Bus Service, a longstanding local bus company based in Granard, operate a route from Longford to Granard via Ballinalee. There are three journeys each way daily (no Sunday service)[10] Whartons Travel operate a route from Longford railway station and Longford to Cavan via Drumlish, Arvagh and Crossdoney.[11]

Air[edit]

Longford's main air transport centre is located south-east of the town, at Abbeyshrule, the local airport. Abbeyshrule Aerodrome receives a regular influx of small general aviation aircraft, including the Cessna 182 and 150. The airport also boasts two flight training centres; one for general aviation fixed wing aircraft training (Aeroclub 2000) and one for microlight aircraft flight training (Ultraflight). The airport is also the home of the Extra 200 aerobatic aircraft EI-SAM of acclaimed Irish international competition aerobatics pilot David Bruton.

Sport[edit]

The town has a wide range of sports clubs and facilities including the Gaelic Athletic Association, rugby and tennis clubs, a League of Ireland soccer club, two indoor swimming pools, an extensive gym and an 18-hole golf course. A new swimming pool was opened in Longford in 2007.

The sport with most support in County Longford is Gaelic football. The headquarters of the Longford Gaelic Athletic Association is located in Pearse Park in Longford Town, with a ground capacity of around 11,000. The Longford Gaelic football team has been relatively unsuccessful at national level, in large part reflecting the county's small population size – although it succeeded in winning a Leinster title at Senior level in 1968 and a National League title in 1966. The minor (under-18) Longford county team won the Leinster title in 2002, and recently in 2010, and their teams at under-21 level have reached several Leinster finals over the last few years (including 2006). The major boys' secondary school in Longford town, St. Mel's College, also has a long tradition in secondary schools' football (known as Colleges A), winning 29 Leinster and 4 All-Ireland titles (in the Hogan Cup). At one stage, St. Mel's College had won more Leinster titles than all of the other Leinster colleges put together. The main local GAA Club in Longford is Longford Slashers, based in Longford town, who have won more Senior County Championships(16) than any other team in the county with their most recent success coming in 2013.

County Longford boasted arguably the best Gaelic football team which did not win the Sam Maguire Cup in 1968. The team was narrowly beaten by Kerry in the all-Ireland Semi final. The recently deceased T.D. John Wilson and G.A.A. all-Ireland medalist (with County Cavan) starred with St. Mel's College Gaelic football team. St. Mel's also boasted a cricket team which wore all black rig. St. Mel's holds the peculiar distinction: in the 1966/67 season it held two teams scoreless in Gaelic football. This feat has never been equalled by any other Gaelic football team in history.

Longford Hurling team struggle to compete with the bigger counties as they only have 3 Hurling teams in the county, Slashers, Wolfe Tones and Clonguish. The county team won the National League Division 3 title in 2002, In 2005 & 2006 they won the Leinster Shield. After been relegated to Division 4 last season, they reached the Lory Meagher Cup Final in Croke Park on 3 July 2010 and won on a score line of Longford 1 – 20 to Donegal 1 – 12. They were also beaten in the Division 4 Final by Monaghain.

Longford town itself has a strong tradition in soccer, the game being introduced in the late 19th century. The town was a military base garrison during British rule. Longford Town football club was founded in 1924 and was elected to the League of Ireland in 1984. The first Longford town football club team to play in the League of Ireland featured Jimmy Savage, Zac Hackett and Liam Madden. In the 1950s and 60s, Longford boasted such players as Willie Browne (UCD and Bohemian FC) who won 3 full international Republic of Ireland caps and captained Bohemian FC for 3 consecutive seasons, he made 177 appearances for Bohs in all competitions scoring 20 goals, Lal Donlon (Longford town and Arsenal), Mel 'Garrincha' Mulligan, John 'Hooky' O'Connor and the legendary Billy Clarke. Billy Clarke is arguably Longford's most famous football player to date. The Longford Town football club ground is at City Calling Stadium, in the townland of Mullolagher, to the west of the town, on the Strokestown Road. Previously, the club was based in the north of Abbeycarton town. The Longford Town football club has had notable success in recent years, twice winning the FAI Cup, in 2003 and 2004, and competing in the UEFA Cup as a result against Bulgarian, Liechtenstein and Welsh opposition, though without success.

For golfers, Longford has an extensive parkland course. Also within a 50 km (30 mi) radius of the county, one can play quality championship courses such as the Nick Faldo-designed Lough Rynn, Glassan and the Slieve Russell.

Longford is represented in basketball by two clubs. Torpedo's were formed in 1973 and have competed in the Meath, Cavan, Mid-lands and National leagues. The club have been very successful over the years and recently represented Longford in the Flanders Basketball Tournament in Ghent, Belgium. They now play in the Shannon Side League in Mens and North East League in Ladies. Ladies and Men's teams play home games in Edworthstown. They hold an annual tournament at the end September start of October each season with 16 teams from all over ireland and the uk entering. The second club which was a break away unit of the Torpedo's are Longford Falcons. The club has had numerous Leinster and national titles won at the junior level. The club is based at the Mall Sports Complex, in the east of the town.

Longford town also hosts rugby club, Longford RFC whose grounds are located at Demesne, in the north of the town, and who participate in the Leinster League.

Longford has an extensive mall sports complex. The complex contains a swimming pool, gym, both indoor and outdoor football and basketball grounds and there is also new outdoor gym equipment all around the mall. The Mall itself is a popular walking spot in the town, a lap of which is approximately 2 km.

People[edit]

  • Harold Browne, Surgeon.
  • Willie Browne,(1936–2004),Republic of Ireland international footballer.
  • Frank Butler, (1847–1926), a.k.a. Francis E. Butler, famed rifleshot who toured the US (1876–1884), and husband-manager of American sharpshooter Annie Oakley.
  • Pádraic Colum,(1881–1972), Poet.
  • Ray Flynn, Irish mile record holder, grew up in Longford.
  • The mother of actor Mel Gibson, Anne Reilly Gibson, was born in Colmcille Parish, County Longford, Ireland. Gibson's first name comes from the 5th-century Irish saint, Mel, founder of the diocese of Ardagh (which contains most of his mother's native county), while his second name, Colmcille, also linked to an Irish saint, is the name of the parish in County Longford where Anne Reilly was born and raised.
  • Michael Gomez, champion professional boxer was born in an Irish Traveller family in Longford.
  • Dermot Hegarty, Irish showband singer was born here in 1940.
  • Eddie Macken, Irish equestrian show jumper.
  • Brendan O'Reilly, (1929–2001), Irish broadcaster & athlete.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[12]

Climate data for Longford
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(44)
7
(44)
9
(48)
12
(53)
14
(57)
17
(62)
19
(66)
18
(64)
16
(60)
13
(55)
9
(48)
8
(46)
12.4
(53.9)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(33)
1
(33)
2
(35)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
10
(50)
8
(46)
6
(42)
3
(37)
2
(35)
4.9
(40.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 79
(3.1)
56
(2.2)
58
(2.3)
53
(2.1)
61
(2.4)
61
(2.4)
80
(3)
86
(3.4)
74
(2.9)
81
(3.2)
80
(3)
81
(3.2)
850
(33.2)
Source: Weatherbase[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Mels Cathedral, Longford, Ireland, Diocese of Ardagh and Clonmacnois, Cathedral Fire, Friends of St Mels Cathedral". Stmelscathedral.com. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "RTÉ News: Longford Cathedral gutted in fire". 25 December 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "Census for post 1821 figures.". Cso.ie. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  4. ^ histpop.org
  5. ^ "NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  7. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  8. ^ stmelscollege.ie
  9. ^ "Longford station". Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 5 September 2007. 
  10. ^ http://www.journeyplanner.transportforireland.ie/nta/TTB/EFA03__00004495_TP.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.whartonstravel.com/longford-bus.html
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Longford
  13. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on 12 July 2013.

External links[edit]