Longhai City

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Longhai
龙海市
County-level city
Longhai is located in Fujian
Longhai
Longhai
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 24°23′N 117°46′E / 24.383°N 117.767°E / 24.383; 117.767Coordinates: 24°23′N 117°46′E / 24.383°N 117.767°E / 24.383; 117.767
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
Prefecture-level city Zhangzhou
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Longhai (simplified Chinese: 龙海; traditional Chinese: 龍海; pinyin: Lónghǎi; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Liông-hái; literally: "dragon sea") is a county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Zhangzhou, in the south of Fujian province, People's Republic of China. Longhai comprises territory on both banks of the lower Jiulong River, although most of its area is on the right (southern) bank. The left bank yields to Xiamen before reaching the sea, the right bank becomes the south shore of Xiamen Bay and is home to the Zhangzhou Gang tariff-free industrial export zone, in Longhai's Gangwei Town.

Longhai has a population of 801,100.[1]

History[edit]

During the mid- and late Ming Dynasty, the port of Yuegang (月港, "Moon Harbor") was one of the four main commercial ports of Fujian and a key port in the Manila galleon trade.[2] It was located within the present-day Haicheng Town of Longhai City.[3][4]

Present-day Longhai City is the only county-level city within the prefecture-level city of Zhangzhou. It was formed from the merger of the former Longxi (龍溪縣) and Haicheng (海澄縣) counties on August 15, 1960.

Administration[edit]

Longhai's city main urban area is officially known as Shima Subdistrict. The city's executive, legislature and judiciary are located there, along with the CPC and PSB branches.

These organs administer 12 Towns, 2 Townships (乡) (1 of them Ethnic), 4 Govt farms, 2 Govt forests and—as of 2009—3 Development zones:[5]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Govt farms[edit]

  • Liangzhong (良种场)
  • Shuangdi Overseas Chinese (双第华侨农场)
  • Cangban (苍坂农场)
  • Chengxi (程溪农场)

Govt Forests[edit]

  • Jiulongling (九龙岭林场)
  • Linxia (林下林场)

Development zones[edit]

(Strictly speaking, the zones stand within the territory of one or another of the city-administered towns, townships, etc. listed above).

  • Jiaomei Industrial (角美工业开发区)
  • Zhaoshangju Zhangzhou (招商局漳州开发区)
  • Dongyuan (东园开发区)
  • Longchi (龙池开发区)

Transportation[edit]

Longhai's main (and, presently, only) railway station is called Zhangzhou Railway Station. It is located near Hongtang Village (洪塘村) in Longhai's Yancuo Town, but, as its name indicates, it is actually closer to Zhangzhou's main urban area than to Longhai's. It is the junction of two high-speed rail lines: the Longyan-Xiamen Railway (opened in June 2012) and the Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway (to open by 2013), which share their tracks from Zhangzhou to Xiamen.

Railway development plans also include the construction of a 45-km-long branch line from Zhangzhou Railway Station eastward, across most of Longhai City to terminate at the China Merchants Group industrial area (招商局漳州开发区) in Gangwei Town on the southwestern shore of Xiamen Harbor, opposite Xiamen Island (24°24′00″N 118°03′00″E / 24.40000°N 118.05000°E / 24.40000; 118.05000). The branch will be known as Gangwei Railway (港尾铁路), and will support trains running at speeds up to 120 km/h. Its opening is planned for 2013.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://longhai.gov.cn/ReadNews.asp?NewsID=459
  2. ^ Charles C. Mann (2011), 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created, Random House Digital, pp. 123–163, ISBN 978-0-307-59672-7 
  3. ^ 漳州月港 (Chinese)
  4. ^ Brook, Timothy (1998), The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China, University of California Press, pp. 120–121, ISBN 0-520-21091-3 
  5. ^ http://www.agri.com.cn/town-village/350681.htm
  6. ^ 厦深港尾铁路明年通车 漳州高铁增至280多公里 (Xiashen and Gangwei rail lines to open next year; Zhangzhou's high-speed railway lines trackage to exceed 280 km), Haixia Daobao (海峡导报), 2012-08-02,

External links[edit]