Longitudinal engine

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Longitudinal inline 6 in a Rover SD1

In automotive engineering, a longitudinal engine is an internal combustion engine in which the crankshaft is oriented along the long axis of the vehicle, front to back.[1][2] An engine similarly mounted along the frame of a motorcycle is called an in-line engine.[3][4]

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  1. ^ Pickerill, Ken (Jun 26, 2009). "Glossary". In Main, Larry. Automotive Engine Performance. Today's Technician (5th ed.). Clifton Park, NY USA: Cengage Learning. p. 464. ISBN 978-1-43544-520-8. Longitudinal engine mounting An engine mounted lengthways in the chassis. 
  2. ^ Duffy, James E.; Scharff, Robert (Mar 1, 2003) [1988]. "Chapter 2: Vehicle Construction Technology". In Clark, Sandy. Auto Body Repair Technology (4th ed.). Clifton Park, NY USA: Cengage Learning. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0-7668-6272-0. A longitudinal engine mounts the crankshaft centerline front to rear when viewed from the top. 
  3. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1995). "Glossary". The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 309–310. ISBN 0-7513-0206-6. in-line Engine layout in which the cylinders are arranged in a row, and in-line with the wheels of the machine. 
  4. ^ Henshaw, Peter (Jun 15, 2008). "Super Bantam". The BSA Bantam Bible: All Models 1948 to 1971. Veloce Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-84584-159-1. ...including industrial engines and the Sunbeam S7, that civilised but low-powered shaft-drive in-line twin that BSA hoped would fill a niche as a gentleman's machine...