Longmont, Colorado

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Longmont, Colorado
City
Longmont Safety and Justice Center
Longmont Safety and Justice Center
Location in Boulder County and the state of Colorado
Location in Boulder County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 40°10′18″N 105°6′33″W / 40.17167°N 105.10917°W / 40.17167; -105.10917Coordinates: 40°10′18″N 105°6′33″W / 40.17167°N 105.10917°W / 40.17167; -105.10917
Country United States
State Colorado
Counties[1] Boulder County
Weld County
Founded 1871
Incorporated November 15, 1885[2]
Named for Stephen Harriman Long and Longs Peak
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 • Mayor Dennis Coombs (List)
Area
 • Total 27.6 sq mi (71.6 km2)
 • Land 26.2 sq mi (67.8 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)
Elevation[3] 4,984 ft (1,519 m)
Population (2010 U.S. Census)
 • Total 86,270
 • Density 3,294/sq mi (1,272.0/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[4] 80501-80504
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-45970
GNIS feature ID 0202560
Website www.ci.longmont.co.us

Longmont is a Home Rule Municipality in Boulder County and Weld County in the U.S. state of Colorado. Longmont is located northeast of the county seat of Boulder and 33 miles (53 km) north-northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.

Longmont's population was 86,270 at the time of the 2010 U.S. Census.[5] Longmont is the 13th most populous city in the state of Colorado.

The word "Longmont" comes from Longs Peak, a prominent mountain named for explorer Stephen H. Long that is clearly visible from Longmont, and "mont", from the French word for mountain.

History[edit]

Longmont was founded in 1871 by a group of people from Chicago, Illinois. Originally called the Chicago-Colorado Colony, the men sold memberships in the town and with the proceeds purchased the land necessary for the town hall. As the first planned community in Boulder County, the city streets were laid out in a grid plan in a square mile. The city began to flourish as an agricultural community after the building of the Colorado Central Railroad line arrived northward from Boulder in 1877. During the 1940s, Longmont began to grow beyond these original limits.

During the 1960s the federal government built an air traffic control center in Longmont, and IBM built a large factory near Longmont. As agriculture waned, more high technology has come to the city, including companies like Seagate and Amgen. In April 2009, the GE Energy Company relocated its control solutions business to the area.

The downtown along Main Street, once nearly dead during the 1980s, has seen a vibrant revival in the 1990s and into the 21st century. During the mid-1990s, the southern edge of Longmont became the location of the first New Urbanist project in Colorado, called Prospect New Town, designed by the architects Andrés Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk.

The Longmont City Council in May 2013 voted to finance and build out its own municipal gigabit data fiber-optic network to every house and business over a three-year period starting in late 2013.

Further information on Longmont's history, see The Official City of Longmont History and the Longmont Museum & Cultural Center.

Geography[edit]

Longmont is located in northeastern Boulder County at 40°10′18″N 105°06′33″W / 40.171583°N 105.109085°W / 40.171583; -105.109085.[6] The city extends eastward into western Weld County. U.S. Highway 287 (Main Street) runs through the center of the city, leading north 16 miles (26 km) to Loveland and south 34 miles (55 km) to downtown Denver. State Highway 119 passes through the city south of downtown and leads southwest 15 miles (24 km) to Boulder and east 5 miles (8 km) to Interstate 25.

The elevation at City Hall is 4,978 feet (1,517 m) above sea level. St. Vrain Creek, a tributary of the South Platte River, flows through the city just south of the city center.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Longmont has a total area of 27.6 square miles (71.6 km2), of which 26.2 square miles (67.8 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km2), or 5.30%, is water.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 773
1890 1,543 99.6%
1900 2,201 42.6%
1910 4,256 93.4%
1920 5,843 37.3%
1930 6,029 3.2%
1940 7,406 22.8%
1950 8,099 9.4%
1960 11,489 41.9%
1970 23,209 102.0%
1980 42,942 85.0%
1990 51,555 20.1%
2000 71,093 37.9%
2010 86,270 21.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 86,270 people residing in the city. The population density was 3,262.3 people per square mile (1,259.7/km²). There were 27,394 housing units at an average density of 1,257.0 per square mile (485.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was:

There were 26,667 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,174, and the median income for a family was $58,037. Males had a median income of $40,978 versus $29,582 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,409. About 5.9% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

In September 2010, the Institute of Business & Medical Careers opened its newest campus in Longmont. The college provides professional training, preparation, and career support for students interested in a career in the business or medical professions.[8]

Longmont is home to the Boulder County Campus of Front Range Community College.

Longmont also offers a variety private schools.

Transportation[edit]

Longmont is part of the RTD transit district that provides local and regional bus service to Denver and Boulder.

Outside of RTD, Longmont is connected to Fort Collins, Loveland, and Berthoud via a FLEX regional bus service.

In 2012, Longmont was recognized by the League of American Bicyclists as a silver-level bicycle-friendly community. Longmont is one of 38 communities in the United States to be recognized with this distinction. It is the only city in Colorado placed at the silver level that is not a major tourist center or a university city.[9]

Media[edit]

The Longmont Times-Call is the local daily newspaper.

Longmont's radio stations include KRCN, KGUD, and KKFN. Country music is broadcast on KWOF from a tower about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Longmont. Also located nearby is KKZN with a progressive talk format. The KKZN transmitter site is about 15 miles (24 km) east of Boulder.

NPR programming can be heard on Colorado Public Radio stations KCFR from Denver, and KCFC in Boulder. The NPR affiliate KUNC from the Fort Collins-Greeley market can also be heard in Longmont.

Longmont is also served by Pacifica Radio affiliate KGNU, a non-commercial community radio station from Boulder.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Longmont
Another glimpse of downtown Longmont

According to the Longmont Area Economic Council,[10] the top eleven employers in Longmont are:

Government[edit]

This is a list of mayors of Longmont.[12]

Central Presbyterian Church at 402 Kimbark in Longmont
Longmont Public Library
Reservoir west of Longmont
Longmont Performing Arts Center
Former St. Stephen's Church (1881) now houses the St. Vrain Historical Society in Longmont.
Mayor Term
L. H. Dickson 1881–1885
George T. Dell 1885–1887
Charles H. Baker 1887–1888
John B. Thompson 1888–1889
Ira L. Herron 1889–1890
Frank Stickney 1890–1892
John A. Buckley 1892–1894
Neil C. Sullivan 1894–1896
George W. Coffin 1896–1897
Willis A. Warner 1897–1898
Frank M. Downer 1898–1899
Frank M. Miller 1899–1901
John A. Donovan 1901–1903
Samuel C. Morgan 1903–1905
Charles A. Bradley 1905–1909
Frank P. Secor 1909–1911
Rae H. Kiteley 1911–1921
James F. Hays 1921–1927
Fred W. Flanders 1927–1929
Earl T. Ludlow 1929–1931
Ray Lanyon 1931–1943
Fred C. Ferguson 1943–1947
George A. Richart 1947–1949
Otto F. Vliet 1949–1957
Richard C. Troxell 1957–1959
Albert Will 1959–1961
Ralph R. Price 1961–1969
Alexander Zlaten 1969–1971 Pro Tem
Wade Gaddis 1971–1973 Pro Tem
Austin P. Stonebreaker 1973–1974
Alvin G. Perenyi 1975–1977
George F. Chandler 1977 Pro Tem
E. George Patterson Jr. 1977–1979
Robert J. Askey 1979–1981
William G. Swenson 1981–1985
Larry Burkhardt 1985–1987
Alvin E. Sweney 1987–1989
Fred Wilson 1989–1993
Leona Stoecker 1993–2001
Julia Pirnack 2001–2007
Roger Lange 2007–2009
Bryan L. Baum 2009–2011
Dennis L. Coombs 2011–

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Longmont is a sister city of these municipalities:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved September 1, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. December 1, 2004. Retrieved September 2, 2007. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 15, 2007. 
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Longmont city, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ IBMC Purpose
  9. ^ Wegrzyn, Magdalena. "Longmont More Bike-Friendly Than Ever". Longmont Times Call Newspaper. Longmont Times Call Newspaper. Retrieved May 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ Longmont Area Economic Council (October 2009). "LONGMONT AREA TOP EMPLOYERS" (PDF). Retrieved August 25, 2010. 
  11. ^ Wallace, Alicia (June 28, 2008). "Butterball cuts 209 jobs in Longmont". Daily Camera. Retrieved February 15, 2009. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Mayors of Longmont since 1881". City of Longmont. November 13, 2007. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Looking back at Colorado's best". Denver Post. November 30, 2006. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  14. ^ "Astronaut Bio: V.D. Brand". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. April 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2009. 
  15. ^ "KELSO, John Russell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  16. ^ "David Pauley Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  17. ^ The Kooky MonsterThe Age, March 13, 2008. Retrieved on May 16, 2008.
  18. ^ Evans, Clay (February 7, 2007). "Myth and madness in the frozen north". Boulder Daily Camera. Retrieved February 19, 2010. 

External links[edit]