Longnewton

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Coordinates: 54°32′28″N 1°24′50″W / 54.5412°N 1.41384°W / 54.5412; -1.41384

Longnewton
Longnewton is located in County Durham
Longnewton
Longnewton
 Longnewton shown within County Durham
Population 733 (2001)[1]
OS grid reference NZ3816
Civil parish Longnewton
Unitary authority Stockton-on-Tees
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Stockton-on-tees
Postcode district TS21
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Stockton-on-tees
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Longnewton (also known as Long Newton) is a village and civil parish in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated between Darlington and Stockton-on-Tees. The village is mostly privately owned dwellings, and has two public houses, The Londonderry Arms and The Vane Arms,[2] St. Mary's church and Saint Mary's Church of England primary school. Longnewton is not home to a secondary school however it is in the catchment area for Egglescliffe Secondary School, which is located 5 miles away and around a 10-minute drive.[3] Located in the village is also a community centre, most commonly known as the wilson centre[4] which has 3 different venue rooms, for a variety of activities and occasions. Longnewton is also a 10 minutes drive north of Durham Tees Valley Airport.[5] In March 2007 a new bypass and junction on the A66 which runs just north of the village was created after almost 30 years of proposals, the junction was fully open to traffic in May 2008. A new roundabout has been put in place to service Durham Tees Valley Airport and ease traffic levels around the surrounding area.[6]

History[edit]

St Mary's Church, Long Newton
Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1801 295 —    
1811 253 −14.2%
1821 338 +33.6%
1831 313 −7.4%
1841 293 −6.4%
1851 325 +10.9%
1861 353 +8.6%
1871 313 −11.3%
1881 268 −14.4%
1891 287 +7.1%
1901 386 +34.5%
1911 305 −21.0%
1921 439 +43.9%
1931 277 −36.9%
1951 359 +29.6%
1961 429 +19.5%
2001 733 +70.9%

The historical population of Longnewton fluctuated numerous times according to early data, in 1801 the population was recorded at 295,[7] this had increased to 325 in 1851 however during this 50-year period the population had fluctuated to 253 in 1811, 338 in 1821, 313 in 1831 and 293 in 1841.[8] The next recorded date was 1871 where the population was counted at 313,[9] however this is disputed as John Marius Wilson stated the population at this time was 353.[10] At this point in time he also described part of the village stating is was home to 67 houses, as well as this he also wrote that there was a large manor, that was home to Marchioness of Londonderry and was valued at £604. By 1901 the population continued to grow along with the development of Longnewton at this stage there were 386 inhabitants and this grew to 439 by 1921.[11] However in 1961 levels of population had decreased to 429, although this could be linked to the decline of jobs in the north, due to the drop in manufacturing jobs at this time.

Cemetery at St Mary's Longnewton

Today Longnewton has 733 residents,[12] and with this 302 households, with only 29 not owning a car. The rural location of the village means that the average distance travelled to work for residents is 25.77 km, with only 8 being able to use public transport to get there.[13]

Church[edit]

St. Mary’s church is an Anglican church situated in the centre of the village.[14] The earliest description available of the church was in 1793 by William Hutchinson. The description stated that the church had no aisles or tower, and only a small chancel. There was also an ornamented area containing two seats, divided by a small column. However despite this the earliest description being in the 18th century, the architecture in the church itself are of 13th century age and suggest that the church is from relatively early period.[15] The church has since had to be rebuilt twice taking place in 1806 and in 1858. The new structure still occupies original site of the church. The current construction was built by Frances Ann the Marchioness of Londonderry, and is where the present Londonderry Arms public house takes its name. Subsequent to the rebuild, the church was developed considerably, and now consists of a nave, chancel, and south aisle.[16] The church now seats 240. It has a traditional Sunday service, as well as a number of community activities for all ages taking place every day of the week.[17]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Longnewton, Stockton-on-tees
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
19
(66)
17
(63)
13
(55)
9
(48)
7
(45)
12.4
(54.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
1
(34)
2
(36)
3
(37)
6
(43)
8
(46)
11
(52)
11
(52)
11
(52)
6
(43)
3
(37)
2
(36)
5.4
(41.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 56.1
(2.209)
38.9
(1.531)
51.1
(2.012)
52.1
(2.051)
49.5
(1.949)
54.9
(2.161)
44.4
(1.748)
61.2
(2.409)
57.4
(2.26)
56.9
(2.24)
61.5
(2.421)
59.2
(2.331)
643.13
(25.3201)
Source: [18]

Facilities[edit]

St Mary's Church of England Aided Primary School, Longnewton[edit]

St Mary’s Primary school is much smaller than that of the average sized primary school in the United Kingdom. It is a mixed gender school, with ages ranging from 3–11. David Moorfoot is the current head teacher, and at present there are 85 pupils attending.[19] In the January 2012 Ofsted inspections, the school gained a rating of 2, a 2 meaning 'good', in each of the following areas, Achievement of pupils, quality of teaching, behaviour and safety of pupils, leadership and management and overall effectiveness. .[20]

The Wilson Centre[edit]

The Wilson Centre was built in 1886 donated by Rev. J. Wilson, the vicar of St Mary’s Church to be used to benefit the education of the population of Longnewton. The centre was built by Mr Kipling and cost a total of £380, it was subsequently named the Wilson Institute after Rev. J. Wilson himself. In 2003 it was decided to explore the option of using the building as a village hall. A£266,000 grant was obtained from the Big Lottery Community Halls Fund in 2008. The centre was refurbished and finally opened again in October 2009.[21] The Wilson Centre offers 3 rooms, one of these for seating for up to 80 people.[22] and is £10 per hour.[23] The other two rooms are smaller, and offer seating for up to 40 and 15 people[24] these cost £8 and £4 per hour. It also offers a modern Kitchen, which comes at a price of £10,[25] and is setup with Wi-Fi access.

Public Houses[edit]

Londonderry Arms, Long Newton

The Vane Arms dates back to the 18th century when it was known as the New Inn. The pub had been subject to multiple owners, and due to poor finances closed in 2008. However it reopened under new ownership in 2010.[26] There are plans to offer B&B facilities and is due to start refurbishment in 2012.[27] The Londonderry Arms is named after the third Marquis of Londonderry, who has played an instrumental part in the history and development in the village of Longnewton.[28]

Transport[edit]

A66 Junction[edit]

New A66 Roundabout and Junction

The A66 is a two lane dual carriageway that runs between Stockton on Tees and Darlington, around 32,000 vehicles pass through it every day. There are currently two junctions located near Longnewton and Elton, giving access to Teesside Airport and the local area.[29] The Longnewton junction was subject to calls for it to be renovated due to high accident rates in the area, as in the period from January–December 2003 there were 108 casualties in Stockton on tees district with many of these being on the A66 stretch of road.[30] The aim of the project was to construct a bridge and slip roads to allow local traffic to leave the dual carriageway and join the main road safely. It would also create a new road link from Longnewton to Elton, making it easier for all modes of transport to commute between villages, additionally improving access to the airport.[31] The cost of the whole project came to a total of £12 million.[32] Locals had been campaigning for action, for around 15 years to what had been described as a 'death trap' junction, with the amount of casualties.[33]

Bus Services[edit]

Bus services from Long newton stopped running in April 2014 due to council funding cuts. A community bus service was proposed for the village. Without access to a car, transport links become very strenuous.[34]

Rail services[edit]

Durham Tees Valley Airport Terminal Building

There is no railway station in Longnewton, however there are several stations nearby which are accessible by car, or possibly bus. The nearest station is Teesside Airport railway station although this is effectively non functional as only 2 trains stop there a week, however, there are others nearby including those of Dinsdale, Allens West and Eaglescliffe.[35] Darlington station is a more mainline station, however this is a 15-minute journey from Longnewton with no direct bus routes.[36]

Durham Tees Valley Airport[edit]

Durham Tees Valley Airport is located south of Longnewton and is a 10-minute car journey.[37] It is relatively small, receives arrivals and disperses departures to the following European nations; Bulgaria, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts, Area: Longnewton CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Longnewton public houses". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Egglescliffe Secondary School catchment area". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Wilson Centre". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Google Directions – Longnewton Durham International Airport". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "A66 Junction". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Longnewton population change". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "Population 1801–1851". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Longnewton 1871 population". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Historical Writing". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Longnewton population in 1901 and 1921". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "Census Statistics 2001". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Census Household Statistics 2001". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "St Mary's Church local website". Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Durham Anglican Church, Longnewton". Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Genuki,Longnewton". Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "St Mary's Church local website". Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "Monthly Climatology for Longnewton". weather.com. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "St Mary's education figures". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  20. ^ "St Mary's ofsted report 2012". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "The Wilson Centre History". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "The Wilson Centre Facilities". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  23. ^ "The Wilson Centre Charges". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "The Wilson Centre Facilities". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  25. ^ "The Wilson Centre Charges". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  26. ^ "Vane Arms Closure, Reopening and History". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  27. ^ "Vane Arms Bed and Breakfast". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "Longnewton History: Londonderry Arms". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  29. ^ "Longnewton A66 Junction Project". Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "Longnewton A66 Accident Statistics". Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  31. ^ "Longnewton A66 Renovation". Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  32. ^ "Longnewton A66 Renovation Cost". Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "Longnewton A66 Renovation Campaigning". Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  34. ^ "Angry Stockton residents hit out at council plans to cut bus service subsidies". Gazette Live. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  35. ^ "Local Train Stations". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  36. ^ "Google Directions-Longnewton to Darlington Rail Station". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  37. ^ "Google Directions – Longnewton Durham International Airport". Retrieved 14 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Long Newton at Wikimedia Commons