Longnor village from the south-west
Longnor shown within Staffordshire
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Longnor is a village in the Staffordshire Peak District, England. The settlement dates from early times, the first recorded Church building being in the Middle Ages. The village was named Longenalre in the Domesday Book. Located on a major crossroads, Longnor was a significant market town in the 18th century. It lies on the north bank of the River Manifold, on a limestone ridge between the Manifold and the River Dove.
Location and geography
Longnor is situated on the B5053 main road from Cheadle to Buxton, about 6 miles (10 km) south of Buxton. It is at a cross roads with routes to Leek and Macclesfield to the west, and Bakewell to the east.
West of Longnor are the Staffordshire Moorlands, with a summit at Axe Edge Moor towards the north, and Morridge further south. North and east of Longnor is the White Peak section of the Peak District, with the Dove flowing in a steep-sided limestone valley of which the famous Dovedale is a small part.
Longnor village looks towards the Manifold, but lies on the southern slope of a limestone ridge between the two rivers.
Longnor is one of the more significant villages in this corner of north Staffordshire, chiefly for the market.
Records of the village's early history have been lost, but there is evidence of activity in the area from around 700AD. Longnor is listed in the Great Domesday Book of 1086 as Longenalre. It is distinguished from the other modern Longnor near Shrewsbury which is in the Domesday Book as Lege. According to local legend the village was burned during the reign of William II as a punishment for the poaching of deer from the forests around Leek.
The first written record cites the founding of St Bartholomew's Church in 1223 on the site of the present 18th-century parish church, and over the next two centuries there were around 20 homes in the village.
The 1787 Cary map of Staffordshire shows the village on a major crossroads. Cary wrote the name LONGNOR rather than Longnor, a style shared only with Leek and Cheadle in Staffordshire north of Stafford and The Potteries. This implies that Longnor was then a market town of some significance.
Built in 1780, the Methodist Chapel is one of the oldest in the area. John Wesley once preached at Longnor while passing through on a journey from Sheffield. However Methodist Preachers had established a Methodist Society before this in 1769. The fuller story of early Methodism in Longnor is told by J B Dyson, along with a brief biography of Mrs Cecily Ferguson who later was hostess to John Wesley on his visit to Amsterdam. In 1784, Longnor Methodist Society had 42 members
In 1870, a new Methodist Circuit was created, and named The Wetton and Longnor Methodist Circuit. The manse was built at Wetton, along with a new chapel building. But the importance of Longnor was also recognised. The original Wetton and Longnor Circuit had been Wesleyan, and in 1932 it took in some of the Primitive Methodist chapels in the area. In 1969 the Circuit was closed and its chapels assigned to neighbouring Circuits.
Points of general interest
- Ordnance Survey Landranger 1:50000 map, sheet 119
- Alstonefield Deanery web site
- Summary of Domesday Book Folio248v
- Tourist information board, Longnor
- Longnor page on the Asltonefield Deanery web site
- John Cary's 1787 New and Correct English Atlas
- For dates of this and other Chapels in North Staffordshire see Chapel date map
- Dyson, Wesleyan Methodism in the Leek Circuit (1853) Ch.V
- Wesley's visit was August 11, 1772, Dyson, op cit
- Dyson, Op Cit
- Diagram of Methodist Circuits in North Staffordshire
- Longnor page on Rewlach history site
- Attending these services.
- "BBC - Derby - Around Derby - Derbyshire on TV and Film". Retrieved 10 September 2006.
- St. Bartholomew, Longnor
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