Longreach: the river water tower
|Elevation||191.0 m (627 ft)|
Longreach is a town in Central West Queensland, Australia approximately 700 kilometres (430 mi) from the coast, west of Rockhampton. The town is named after the "long reach" of the Thomson River on which it is situated. The town was gazetted in 1887, and the railway reached the town in 1892, causing the population to grow. It is the administrative centre of the Longreach Regional Council, which was established in 2008 as a merger of the former Longreach, Ilfracombe, and Isisford shires.
The town is on the Tropic of Capricorn and has a population of 4 344 (by 2010 census). The main industries of the area are cattle, sheep, and, more recently, tourism. The town is home to the Australian Agricultural College's Longreach Campus, which prepares students for work in the agricultural and pastoral industries. It was known previously as the Longreach Pastoral College. The campus was opened in 1967. Adjacent to the college is the Longreach School of Distance Education, which provides lessons to remote students, formerly by HF radio but now using telephone lines.
A number of Queensland towns have their streets named to a theme. In Longreach, the streets are named after species of birds, with the streets running east-west named after water birds and those running north-south after land birds. The main business street is called Eagle Street. Other streets honour Hudson Fysh, an Australian aviation pioneer, and Sir James Walker, a farmer and long-serving mayor of the former Longreach Shire Council.
Longreach is also the home of the Australian Stockman's Hall of Fame, which was officially opened in 1988 by Queen Elizabeth II. The purpose of the centre is to showcase the history and the culture of life in rural Australia. Since its opening, over 1 million people have passed through its doors.
Longreach was one of the founding centres for Qantas, the Australian domestic and international airline. One of the airline's original hangars remains in use at the Longreach Airport and is listed on the Australian National Heritage List. The town is now the home of the Qantas Founders Outback Museum, which includes amongst its displays a decommissioned Qantas Boeing 747-200 aircraft, registration VH-EBQ, "The City of Bunbury." and QANTAS's first jet aircraft VH-XBA (formerly VH-EBA), a Boeing 707, "The City of Canberra.".
Longreach Post Office opened on 1 October 1891. A Longreach Rail Post Office opened by April 1940 and closed in 1962.
Longreach has a public library, visitor information centre, swimming pool, museum and parks.
Longreach has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Capricorn Highway: Longreach Railway Station
- Landsborough Highway: Qantas Museum/Former Qantas Hangar
- 12 Swan Street: Longreach Powerhouse (former)
- 111 Ibis Street: QATB Centre (former)
|Climate chart (explanation)|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Longreach (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Millions of locusts swarm Central Queensland town of Longreach". The Courier-Mail website. News Limited. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Locust plague prompts fears for crops". ABC News website. ABC. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Longreach Railway Station (entry 16706)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "Qantas Museum/Former Qantas Hangar (entry 15439)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "Longreach Powerhouse (former) (entry 16304)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "QATB Centre (former) (entry 15438)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "Climate statistics for Australian locations - Longreach Aero (records began in 1949)". BOM. Retrieved 16 May 2010.