Longstanton

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Coordinates: 52°16′44″N 0°02′52″E / 52.279°N 0.0478°E / 52.279; 0.0478

Longstanton
Longstanton is located in Cambridgeshire
Longstanton
Longstanton
 Longstanton shown within Cambridgeshire
OS grid reference TL397665
District South Cambridgeshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
Village sign of Longstanton

Longstanton is a village in South Cambridgeshire, England, 6 miles northwest of Cambridge city centre.

History[edit]

For most of its history Longstanton was split into two parishes: the larger Long Stanton All Saints to the north and the smaller Long Stanton St. Michael to the south. The two may have been seen as distinct by 1086, when the Domesday Book referred to a "Stantone" and a "Stantune", and were certainly so by 1240, distinguished in Liber Memorandorum Ecclesie de Bernewelle as "Stanton" and "the other Stanton".[1] The two villages were not formally amalgamated until 1953.

All Saint's Church, Longstanton

The first known reference to the village, dating back to 1070 AD, calls the village "Stantonia" and describes it as "an enclosed settlement of stoney ground."[2]

By the time of the Domesday Book "Stantone" was one of the most populous villages in the area, with 67 peasant tenants being recorded.[1] By 1563 this had dwindled to 42 families, and the settlement had been overtaken in size by other nearby villages such as Chesterton. The population fluctuated between 400 and 600 for several centuries, until the village was transformed by the opening of RAF Oakington in 1940, resulting in the building of three new housing estates in the village and a trebling of the population. The airbase became an army barracks in 1975; on its closure in 1999 most of the housing was sold to private owners.

The population of the village was recorded as 1700 by the 2001 census.[3]

Churches[edit]

The disused St Michael's Church, to the south of the village

Longstanton is unusual among English villages in having two mediaeval churches - a reminder of its history as two parishes. The larger of the two churches, All Saints Church, is in the centre of the modern village and dates from the mid-14th Century, when it replaced an earlier church which was destroyed by a fire.[2] It closed in 2003 due to a collapse of the ceiling, but reopened in 2007 after £10,000 was raised for repairs. It is a Grade I listed building.[4]

St Michael's Church, situated towards the south of the village, is the smaller and older of the two churches, having been built around 1230.[2] It is notable as a rare example of a church with a thatched roof (one of only two surviving in Cambridgeshire),[5] and is a Grade II* listed building.[6] It has not been used for regular worship since the amalgamation of the parishes, and is now maintained by the Churches Conservation Trust. Churches modelled after its architecture have been built as far away as Philadelphia (see Church of St. James the Less) and South Dakota.[7]

Transport[edit]

Long Stanton railway station operated between 1847 and 1970.[8] A part of the Cambridge and Huntingdon railway the station was immortalised in the Flanders and Swann song, "Slow Train".[9] Despite surviving the Beeching Axe, passenger services to Long Stanton were ended in 1970.[8]

Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, set to be the world's longest guided busway, is under construction and will stop at Longstanton.[10] The scheme, budgeted at £116.2 million, is scheduled to open in early 2009.[11] The scheme has been heavily criticised by campaigners who believe that the route would be better served by a rail link.[12]

Other facilities[edit]

The village has a recently built primary school, a Village Institute, a Doctor's and an Immigration Centre nearby. The Black Bull pub is over 300 years old.[1]

Longstanton will border the new town of Northstowe, which is expected to become England's first "eco-town".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c A. P. M. Wright & C. P. Lewis (Editors) (1989). "'Long Stanton: Introduction', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 9: Chesterton, Northstowe, and Papworth Hundreds". British History Online. Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  2. ^ a b c "Friends of All Saints Church Longstanton;Our History". Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  3. ^ "Area: Longstanton (Ward), Key Figures for 2001 Census". Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Images of England, English Heritage". Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  5. ^ A. P. M. Wright & C. P. Lewis (Editors) (1989). "'Long Stanton: Churches', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 9: Chesterton, Northstowe, and Papworth Hundreds". British History Online. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  6. ^ "Images of England, English Heritage". Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  7. ^ "St Michael, Long Stanton". Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  8. ^ a b Catfprd, Nick. "Station Name: LONG STANTON". www.subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  9. ^ "Slow Train". Flanders & Swann Online. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  10. ^ [1] Secretary Of State Celebrates Start Of Works On Guided Busway
  11. ^ [2] Guided Busway leaflet
  12. ^ BBC Action Network Cambridge’s guided bus plans

External links[edit]

Media related to Longstanton at Wikimedia Commons