|Seminole County and the state of Florida|
|• Mayor||Brian D. Sackett|
|• Deputy Mayor||John C. Maingot|
|• City Administrator||Jon C. Williams|
|• City||5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)|
|• Land||5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)|
|Elevation||75 ft (22.86 m)|
|• Density||2,438.8/sq mi (941.9/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0286087|
Longwood is a suburban city in Seminole County, Florida, USA. The population was 13,657 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Orlando–Kissimmee–Sanford, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Longwood is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (15 km2). 5.3 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (5.17%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,657 people and 5,244 households in the city. The population density was 2438.8 inhabitants per square mile (941.9/km²). There were 5,680 housing units at an average density of 1014.3 per square mile (391.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.10% White, 4.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.8% of the population.
There were 5,244 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $58,846, and the median income for a family was $68,146. Males had a median income of $36,309 versus $27,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,714. About 6.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. The county is over 80% registered Republican, with over 90% in Longwood being registered as such.
- Sabal Point Elementary
- Woodlands Elementary
- Wekiva Elementary
- Longwood Elementary (school operations have been temporarily suspended as of Fall 2011 as an economy action by Seminole County Public Schools)
Longwood has been a destination point for Florida travelers since coastal tribes used The Senator (which has been burned down as of 2012), an ancient bald cypress, to find their way over land from the St. Johns River to trading grounds at Spring Hammock. This was the wilderness sanctuary early tribes found when they escaped inland from the Spanish. Later, when Creeks and others from the tribes of the Southeast United States fled into Spanish Florida and settled new villages among escaped African slaves, they became the Seminoles. The word "Seminole" is adopted from Spanish and Creek terms for people who live away from others. The Senator, at more than 3000 years old, was easily Central Florida’s oldest tourist attraction until it burned down early in 2012.
Longwood, as well as most of Seminole County, shares its American Colonial history with the early settlement of Orange, Lake, Brevard, Volusia and Osceola Counties that make up the Orlando Metro Area. Central Florida's development began after the Second Seminole War (1837–1842). By the early 1860s, the cities of Sanford and Orlando were small settlements that had developed near Seminole War forts built between 1837 and 1838. Settlers began arriving at what would become Longwood during the lull between the end of the Seminole Wars in the 1850s and the beginning of the Civil War.
The earliest settlers to the Longwood area arrived in the early 1870s. John Neill Searcy came from Tennessee in March 1873, and Edward Warren Henck arrived from Boston in November of the same year. Both came by steamboat up the St. Johns River to Sanford and were soon granted Longwood homesteads. A small community had begun to develop. Mr. Henck found the Hartley Family homesteading at Fairy Lake (which is now the Columbus Harbor neighborhood) when he first arrived. "There were no other inhabitants in what is now the corporation of Longwood.", Henck wrote in a brief history of his early days in Florida for historian William Fremont Blackman's History of Orange County, Florida, published in 1927.
E.W. Henck was a railroad man, hotel owner and real estate promoter who served with the honor guard that accompanied President Abraham Lincoln's body on the train trip from Washington to Illinois. After two days at Mellonville's "so-called hotel," Henck set out south on foot. Fifteen miles to the south, he selected his homestead on land south of Myrtle Lake. The mail rider was replaced by Joseph Bumby's stage line when, on May 19, 1876, the Longwood Post Office was established with Henck as the first postmaster. He selected the name Longwood after a suburb of Boston, which he as a young engineer helped lay out.
Henck began making horseback trips to search for a route for a railroad linking Sanford and Orlando, then a mere trading post. Henry Sanford provided some of the land. Henck led a group of local businessmen in getting the first post-Civil War railroad, the South Florida Railroad, constructed in Florida. The South Florida Railroad began construction in the fall of 1879, and regular rail service between Orlando and Sanford started November 15, 1880. Eventually, Henck sold controlling interest in his railroad to the Henry Plant Rail System. He also initiated construction of the Longwood Hotel, which was completed in 1886. Henck was elected Longwood's first mayor in 1885. A decade later, and under Henck's steady real estate promotions, Longwood had five churches, three hotels (two of which were built by Henck), eight stores and a weekly newspaper.
Another early settler from Boston, Frederick Rand, together with the Searcy family, founded Christ Episcopal Church, which still stands on Church Avenue. Rand's parents raised funds in Boston to assist with building of the church. Rand was also associated with Henck and the founding of the railroad. Although the railroad from Sanford to Jacksonville was not completed until the mid-1880s, the railroad from Sanford to Orlando, completed in 1880, increased access to the area for those who arrived by steamship. Growth was rapid, and by 1886 the population was 1,000. Longwood was among the largest communities in Orange County (Seminole County was formed in 1913).
Another notable early settler of Longwood is Mr. Pyotr Alekseyevich Dementyev. The 1884-85 State Gazetteer and Business Directory lists Longwood's chief industry as the P.A. Demens & Co. sash, door and blind factory. In those days, it was the major supplier of lumber and building materials for much of the area. The company's owner was Pyotr Alekseyevich Dementyev, whose name was later shortened to Peter Demens. He was 31 when he came to Florida in June 1881 as an expatriate nobleman who had been on the losing end of a political feud in Czarist Russia. Upon arriving in Longwood, Mr. Demens bought 30 acres (120,000 m2) of groves and a 30 percent interest in a local sawmill, later buying out his partners. His expansion plans included a contract to build railroad station houses from Lakeland to Dade City. He also supplied labor and material for buildings at Rollins College. He became owner of a charter for a railroad to run from the community of Lake Monroe to south of Lake Apopka when its owners couldn't pay a debt. He completed the line to the new town of Oakland and later to the Tampa Bay area. The town at the end of the line became St. Petersburg, a name selected by one of his partners to honor Demens' hometown. By 1889, though, Demens sold his railroad to get out of debt and moved to North Carolina.
The Great Freeze of December 1894 and January 1895 had a devastating impact on the citrus industry and caused a major exodus from Central Florida. By the 1900 census, Longwood's population had declined to 325. During the 1910-1920 period, the area started to grow again, and by the mid-1920s the Boom Era was at its peak. In 1923 the Town of Longwood was incorporated as a city, and the Old Dixie Highway was constructed near where County Road 427 (formerly State Road 427) is located today. In 1924, the Lyman School was opened as a Grades 1 - 12 facility. The precursor of the present day Lyman High School, the campus was located at what is now Milwee Middle School, remaining there until the construction of the current Lyman High School campus in 1969. With the coming of the Depression, development stopped. The City's only bank failed in 1932 and Longwood sought, unsuccessfully, to dis-incorporate. Toward the end of the 1930s, some growth did occur, and by the 1940s the population of the incorporated city was 406.
With the advent of World War II, growth began to impact Longwood as military personnel flowed into the new Naval Air Station Sanford to the north and Orlando Army Air Base to the south. Although both bases saw either inactivation or drastically curtailed operations immediately following the end of World War II, exigencies of the Cold War resulted in all bases being back in full operation only a few years later. By the 1950s, NAS Sanford was being converted into a Master Jet Base for carrier-based heavy attack aircraft and, along with the re-designated Orlando Air Force Base and nearby Pinecastle AFB (later renamed McCoy AFB), saw even more military families renting or purchasing homes in and around Longwood. In 1959, the City had slightly over 1,000 residents and a city limit boundary that measured approximately 1-mile (1.6 km) by 1-mile (1.6 km) square. In 1960, Longwood Elementary School was constructed and opened inside the city limits. During the 1950s and 1960s, the city also boasted its own airport, a single runway grass airstrip used mainly by private airplanes. Longwood Airport was located on the west side of the city and on the north side of State Road 434, until it was closed and developed into tract housing that became The Woodlands subdivision in the mid-1960s.
In 1965, the City served as a film site and backdrop, representing a fictional south Florida town adjacent to a Seminole Indian tribe reservation in the Universal Studios film, Johnny Tiger. Released in 1966, the film starred Robert Taylor, Geraldine Brooks and Chad Everett.
New economic and development opportunities were brought to the area in the 1960s and 1970s, fueled by both the military and the space industry, as newly-arriving Longwood residents were employed at Martin-Marietta's new missile plant in Orlando; Naval Air Station Sanford; Orlando Air Force Base (redesignated Naval Training Center Orlando in 1969); and McCoy Air Force Base in Orlando; as well as Cape Canaveral Air Force Station; Patrick Air Force Base; and the NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center in Brevard County. The development and opening of Walt Disney World in October 1971, along with other tourist attractions and the high technology corridor of businesses, especially those engaged in the modeling, simulation and training (MS&T) industry and associated military training systems activities near Florida Technological University (FTU), now the University of Central Florida (UCF), fueled even further growth. Short term economic downturns caused by the closure of NAS Sanford in 1968 and McCoy AFB in 1975 were offset with other economic growth across Central Florida during the 1970s and 1980s. As a result, Longwood developed into primarily a residential community for residents working elsewhere in Seminole County or in adjacent Orange County. By 2000, the city had taken significant steps to revitalize its downtown historic district, expanded its borders through annexation and in the process gained a resident population exceeding 13,700.
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||South Seminole Hospital||1,089|
|3||Lyman High School||230|
|4||City of Longwood||156|
|5||Consolidated Label Co.||136|
|7||Comprehensive Energy Services||101|
|8||Chambrel at Island Lake||100|
Points of interest
The city of Longwood's public schools are a part of Seminole County Public Schools. Longwood contains 4 public elementary schools (K-5), 2 public middle schools (6-8), and 1 public high school (9-12). Two additional high schools are located outside of Longwood, but draw some students from within the city limits.
Elementary schools (public)
- Longwood Elementary School (closed as of September 2011)
- Sabal Point Elementary School
- Wekiva Elementary School
- Woodlands Elementary School
Middle schools (public)
- Milwee Middle School
- Rock Lake Middle School
- Teague Middle School (in Altamonte)
- Greenwood Middle School
High schools (public)
Longwood area congregations include the following, which share in an annual community Thanksgiving Eve worship and an annual CROP walk to combat hunger:
- Altamonte Chapel – United Church of Christ
- Annunciation Roman Catholic Parish
- Episcopal Church of the Resurrection
- First Pentecostal Church of Longwood (Unknown if participates in referenced activities)
- Parkside Fellowship Church of the Nazarene, 200 Wayman St, Longwood, Fla. (Unknown if participate in referenced activities)
- Rolling Hills Moravian Church
- Sanlando United Methodist Church
- St Mark’s Presbyterian Church PC(USA)
- St Stephen Lutheran Church (ELCA)
- Wekiva Presbyterian Church PC(USA)
- Northland Church, 530 Dog Track Road Longwood, Fla. (Unknown if participates in referenced activities)
- The Master's Church International Church, 555 Markham Woods Rd Longwood FL. (Unknown if participates in referenced activities)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Central Florida Society for Historical Preservation (2001). Images of America Longwood. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. [page needed]. ISBN 0-7385-1392-X.
- "City of Lodi CAFR". Lodi.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
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