Lonicera nitida

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Lonicera nitida
Lonicera nitida aurea after pruning.JPG
Lonicera nitida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species: L. nitida
Binomial name
Lonicera nitida

Lonicera nitida is a species of perennial shrub, a member of the honeysuckle genus Lonicera. In English, it is sometimes given the common names "boxleaf honeysuckle" or "Wilson's honeysuckle".[1] Cultivars of Lonicera nitida include 'Baggesen's Gold' and 'Briloni' (aka 'Edmee Gold')[2]

Description[edit]

The species is a broadleaf evergreen shrub 4 to 5 feet tall[3] and 4 to 6 feet wide if unclipped. The leaves are dark green and 6–16 millimeters long. The flowers are creamy white, fragrant, 6 millimeters long, and grow in pairs,.[3] They appear at the end of spring.[4] The fruit (rarely formed on clipped specimens) is an inedible[4] bluish-purple berry[5] about 6 millimeters in diameter.[3] The stems are layered one on top of the other giving the appearance of a haystack.[6] The growth rate is moderate[7] or fast growing.[8] The species is resistant to deer and rabbits.[9] Birds are attracted to the species.[4] When planted, the species is easy to clip and needs frequent clipping because it flops if it grows to a height over 5 feet.[10] The species is commonly confused with cotoneaster species. The difference between the two is that cotoneaster has alternate leaves while this species has opposite leaves.[11]

Habitat[edit]

The species is native to China. Lonicera nitida Wilson (Caprifoliaceae) is a native of Yunnan and West Sichuan. It grows in scrub form along streams at 1200 to 3000 meters and flowers in June. The evergreen shrub grows to 2 meters and is hardy to -15˚C (Zone 6). When planted, the species should be put in the full sun to light shade in fertile, well-drained soil.[8] The types of soil that it can be planted in is normal, sandy, and clay.[9] The species is more shade resistant than most honeysuckles.[8] The species can tolerate drought[4] and pollution.[5]

Uses[edit]

'Lonicera nitida' takes clipping very well and makes an excellent small hedge.[12]

At Osborne House, a holiday home built in 1845 on the Isle of Wight for Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert, there are L. nitida shrubs clipped in the form of stags rising from beds of Felicia amelloides, Festuca glauca, and scarlet pelargoniums.[13]

This plant is often used for bonsai. Because it is an energetic grower, it is possible to collect old and quite sizable L. nitidia from the landscape or growing wild, cut most of the roots and branches off to start from scratch to build a new tree -like form.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lonicera nitida information from NPGS/GRIN". Agricultural Research Service, USDA. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  2. ^ JC Raulston Arboretum
  3. ^ a b c "Lonicera nitida". Oregon State University. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  4. ^ a b c d Burghardt, James. "Lonicera nitida 'Lemon Beauty'". Learn 2 Grow. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  5. ^ a b American Horticultural Society (2004). Great Plant Guide. DK Publishing, Inc. p. 355. ISBN 0-7566-0315-3. 
  6. ^ "Lonicera nitida 'Lemon Beauty' (Boxleaf Honeysuckle)". Pender Nursery. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  7. ^ "Lonicera nitida". North Carolina State University. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  8. ^ a b c "Lonicera nitida". Bellevue Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  9. ^ a b "Lonicera nitida ‘Lemon Beauty’". Heritage Perennials. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  10. ^ Clive, Lane (2005). Plants for Small Spaces. David & Charles. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-55870-749-8. 
  11. ^ Dirr, Michael (2002). Dirr's trees and shrubs for warm climates: an illustrated encyclopedia. Timber Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-88192-525-8. 
  12. ^ Lucas Phillips, C. E. (1952). The Small Garden. William Heinemann Ltd. p. facing 237. 
  13. ^ Taylor, Patrick (2008-01-01). "Osborne House". The Oxford Companion to Gardening. Retrieved 2010-02-11.