In Philippine Culture, Loob or Kalooban refers to one's inner self, or, more specifically, to the internal dimension of a person's identity. It's external counterpart is labas - the physical, outward appearance. Loob is a core concept in Filipino Psychology, a field which is unthinkable without both the internal and external dimensions, "loob"/"labas".
Concepts whose expression involves "loob"
The word Loob, simply taken as 'inside' and not a construct, is also used for "looban," which means an interior compound, or community; and for the term "manloloob", which means 'robber', literally 'someone who enters'.
As a core concept of value, Loob and its variants are a critical aspect of numerous Filipino value constructs, of which the following are examples:
|Utang na loob||Debt of gratitude||'Borrowed inner self'|
|May utang na loob||A good person, a person who understands what it means to owe a debt of gratitude||'With an inner debt'|
|Nakikingutang ng loob||To seek a favor from someone||'To borrow one's inner self'|
|Ipagkaloob||To entrust||'To put inside someone's inner self'|
|Lagay ng loob||Mood, one's state of mind or feeling||'State of the inner self'|
|Tibay ng loob||Inner strength, resilience||'Durability/strength of the inner self'|
|Tining ng loob||Clarity of thinking, feeling, volition||'Calm of the inner self'|
|Kababaang loob||Humility||'Lowness of the inner self'|
|Kabutihang-loob||Good naturedness||'Inner goodness/kindness'|
|Kagandahang loob||Generosity, noblemindedness||'Inner beauty'|
|May kusang-loob||One who does his work without prodding||'With inner direction/volition'|
|Payapang loob||A calm person, to be at peace, to accept||'Inner peace'|
|Mapagkaloob||A generous person||'One who shares his inner self'|
|Mahina ang loob||A coward||'Weak inner self'|
|Malakas ang loob||A daring person, can be positive (to be courageous) or negative (the phrase Ang lakas ng loob mo! is often synonymous with the English rebuke 'How dare you!')||'Strong inner self'|
|Malamig ang loob||An indifferent person||'Coldness of the inner self'|
|Pikit ang loob||One who is blind to injustice||'Closed inner self', 'Shut from the inside'|
|Mabigat ang loob||The state of being sad, heavy-hearted||'Heaviness of the inner self'|
|Maluwag sa loob||A state of being willing, cheerfully ready||'Loose from the inside', 'Inner openness'|
|Wala sa loob||A state of being unwilling||'Not to have it in oneself'|
|Tapat na kalooban||Sincerity, loyalty, trustworthiness||'Truth of the inner self'|
|Masasamang-loob||Criminals||'Those with bad inner beings'|
|Kapalagayang loob||Confidante, intimate||'One you would entrust your inner self with'|
|Pampalubag-loob||Consolation||'Salve for the inner self'|
|Kagaanang-loob||Grace, something to pacify intense emotion such as anger||'Lightness/Lifting of the inner self'|
|Saloobin||One's inner thought or inner feelings, attitude||'The entirety of the inner self'|
|Masama ang loob||To hold a grudge, to be angry with||'Feel bad inside', 'Sickness of the inner self'|
- Mercado, Leonardo N. (September 1994). The Filipino Mind: Philippine Philosophical Studies II (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series III Asia). Washington, D.C.: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. pp. 226 pages. ISBN 1565180631.
- de Guia, Katrin (2005). Kapwa: The Self in the Other: Worldviews and Lifestyles of Filipino Culture-Bearers. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc. p. 378. ISBN 971271490X.
- Enriquez, Virgilio (1992). "Unit 15 - Kaugalian, Halagahin, at Pagkatao (Customs, Values & Character)". From Colonial To Liberation Psychology: The Philippine Experience. Quezon City, Philippines: University of the Philippines Press. ISBN 971-542-002-8. Retrieved February 5, 2008.
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