McGlohon was born in Ayden, North Carolina, and graduated from East Carolina University. After a spell in the Air Force during World War II, he played with the Jimmy Dorsey and Jack Teagarden Orchestras and became involved with broadcasting in Charlotte, North Carolina, working as music director for WBT (AM) radio and WBTV (Charlotte's CBS-TV affiliate).
McGlohon was an accompanist to many well-known singers including Judy Garland, Mabel Mercer and Eileen Farrell. He was co-host of the Peabody award-winning NPR radio series American Popular Song with his friend and collaborator, Alec Wilder. Among the songs that McGlohon wrote with Wilder are "Blackberry Winter", "Be A Child" and "While We're Young". McGlohon, like Wilder, could write both music and lyrics, and for the song "Songbird" he wrote both. With Wilder, he also wrote music and lyrics for the former North Carolina outdoor attraction Land of Oz.
In 1980, Frank Sinatra recorded two of his songs with Alec Wilder - "South To A Warmer Place" and "A Long Night" - on the album She Shot Me Down. In 1985, he was commissioned (with his friend Charles Kuralt) to write a piece in celebration of North Carolina's 400th birthday. The result was North Carolina is My Home, a symphonic work with narration and vocals which became a recording, public TV broadcast, live presentation and coffee table book. McGlohon was inducted into the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame in 1999. At the age of 80, he died following a long-term battle with lymphoma.
In 2004, the biography Loonis! Celebrating a Lyrical Life (written by Jerry Shinn) was published by the East Carolina University Foundation.
- "McGlohon, 80; Wrote Hundreds of Songs", obituary in Los Angeles Times, February 20, 2002
- "American Popular Song" at www.npr.org
- Alec Wilder: American Popular Song, TRO Hollis Music, Inc, 1987
- "Art of Song - Loonis McGlohon"
- "1999 Inductees". North Carolina Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 10, 2012.