Loop the Loop (Coney Island)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Loop the Loop
Lunapark Loop-the-Loops modified.jpg
Coney Island
Status Closed
Opening date 1901 (1901)
Closing date 1910 (1910)
Replaced Switchback Railway
Replaced by Coney Island Cyclone
General Statistics
Type Steel
Manufacturer Edwin Prescott
Designer Edward A. Green
Inversions 1 1
Loop the Loop at RCDB
Pictures of Loop the Loop at RCDB

Loop the Loop was a dual-tracked steel roller coaster which operated on Coney Island, New York from 1901 to 1910. The coaster was one of the first looping roller coasters in North America.

History[edit]

Loop the Loop was the second looping roller coaster ever to be built on Coney Island and was one of a handful of early looping roller coasters built in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The coaster was designed by Edward Green and manufactured by Edwin Prescott.[1] The coaster was operated independently, and was not part of one of the cohesive amusement parks which existed on Coney Island.[2]

The coaster was built at the corner of West 10th and Surf Avenue on Coney Island, which is near the current location of the famous Coney Island Cyclone and at the location of the former Switchback Railway. The Loop the Loop lasted from 1901 to 1910 but was a relative commercial failure because of the low rider volume.[3] This low rider volume was partly a function of the small cars that rode on the coaster, and partly a function of the fact that safety inspectors would not allow more than one car to move along the course at any given time.[1] The operators attempted to supplement the coaster's revenue by having an observation gallery where patrons could pay to watch others ride the roller coaster.[3] Rides on the coaster itself cost 10 cents.[1]

Ride experience[edit]

Loop the Loop was an improvement in terms of ride comfort over previous looping coasters such as Lina Beecher's Flip Flap Railway and earlier centrifugal railways. This was primarily because Loop the Loop incorporated a more elliptical design,[1] thereby reducing the g-forces which riders experienced on more circular roller coaster loops (which could be up to 12 g on the Flip Flap Railway).[4] Loop the Loop also had rubber wheels to improve the ride comfort.[1] Nevertheless, many riders still experienced discomfort.[5]

Loop the Loop was laid out as a dual track roller coaster. The two tracks ran parallel and there was one loop on each track which sat side-by-side with the other loop.[2] Despite the two tracks doubling the possible rider volume, the small cars on the coaster meant that few riders could ride.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Francis, David W.; Francis, Diane DeMali (2003). The Golden Age of Roller Coasters. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738523380. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Loop the Loop  (Coney Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Denson, Charles (2011). Coney Island and Astroland. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738574287. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ Tipler, Paul A.; Mosca, Gene (2008). Physics for Scientists and Engineers. Standard (6th ed.). New York: W. H. Freeman and Company. ISBN 142920124X. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ Rutherford, Scott (2004). The American Roller Coaster. MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7603-1929-4.