|Striped water dragon, also known as the northern water dragon, Lophognathus temporalis|
Lophognathus is a genus of lizards found in northern Australia extending south to the Murray Darling Basin, New Guinea, and Tanimbar Islands. The five species are informally described as dragons, as are several genera in the family Agamidae, and closely related to those of Amphibolurus.
Lophognathus species are slender, slightly compressed, agamid lizards that are often found in trees. They occur in a variety of habitat, including sand dunes and arid regions, but frequently near watercourses. Two species are endemic to Australia, Lophognathus gilberti and L. longirostris, L. temporalis is also found in New Guinea.
In Australia, these lizards are colloquially known as "Ta Ta" lizards, due to their habit of "waving" after running across hot surfaces.
The type locality of Lophognathus maculilabris was given as the Timor Laut Islands.
Five species are currently recognized in this genus:
- Lophognathus burnsi Wells & Wellington, 1985
- Lophognathus gilberti (Gray, 1842) – Gilbert's lashtail, Gilbert's dragon
- Lophognathus longirostris (Boulenger, 1883) – long-snouted lashtail, long-nosed water dragon
- Lophognathus maculilabris (Boulenger, 1883)
- Lophognathus temporalis (Günther, 1867) – striped water dragon, swamplands lashtail, northern water dragon
- Ellis, M. and Higgins, D. (1993). The occurrence of Gilbert's Dragon, Lophognathus gilberti, in the Paroo Drainage Basin, western New South Wales. In: Herpetology in Australia (D. Lunney and D. Ayers eds) (R.Z.S., Sydney).
- Cogger, Harold G. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia.
- "Lophognathus maculilabris BOULENGER, 1883". Reptiles Database. \J. Craig Venter Institute. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
- Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany, London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co, pp. 51—57.
- Lophognathus, The Reptiles Database
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