Lopholaena

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Lopholaena
Lopholaena coriifolia, blomme, Little Eden.jpg
Lopholaena coriifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Genus: Lopholaena
DC.

Lopholaena (from lophos, a crest, and chlaina, a cloak) is a genus of perennial shrubs and herbaceous plants[1] in the family Asteraceae.[2] About 20 species occur from tropical to southern Africa.

Description[edit]

The flower head is homogamous, having only disc florets, that grow from a flat, honeycombed receptacle.[2] The flowers have 5 triangular lobes,[2] and their corollas vary from white to light purple.[1] The pappus consists of 2 to 3 series of slender bristles. One series of phyllaries fringe the flower head, which are fused at the base.[1] The flower heads may be clustered or paniculate. The alternate leaves are nearly sessile and may clasp the stem (i.e. amplexicaul).

Species[3]
  1. Lopholaena acutifolia R.E.Fr.
  2. Lopholaena alata P.A.Duvign.
  3. Lopholaena cneorifolia (DC.) S. Moore
  4. Lopholaena coriifolia (Sond.) Phill. & C.A.Sm.
  5. Lopholaena dehniae Merxm.
  6. Lopholaena deltombei P.A.Duvign.
  7. Lopholaena disticha (N. E. Br.) S. Moore
  8. Lopholaena dolichopappa (O. Hoffm.) S. Moore
  9. Lopholaena dregeana DC.
  10. Lopholaena festiva Brusse
  11. Lopholaena longipes (Harv.) Thell.
  12. Lopholaena phyllodes (Hiern) S.Moore
  13. Lopholaena platyphylla Benth.
  14. Lopholaena segmentata (Oliv.) S. Moore
  15. Lopholaena trianthema (O. Hoffm.) B.L. Burtt
  16. Lopholaena ussanguensis (O. Hoffm.) S. Moore

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Beentje, H. et al. "LOPHOLAENA DC. [family COMPOSITAE]". Flora of Tropical East Africa. jstor.org. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Hyde, M. et al. "9401.000 Lopholaena DC.". Flora of Mozambique. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist