Lopo Soares de Albergaria

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Lopo Soares de Albergaria
Lopo Soares de Albergaria, in Livro de Lisuarte de Abreu.jpg
Governor Lopo Soares de Albergaria, in Livro de Lisuarte de Abreu
Captain-major of Portuguese Gold Coast
In office
1495–1499
Monarch John II of Portugal
Manuel I of Portugal
Preceded by João Fogaça
Succeeded by Nuno Vaz de Castelo Branco
Governor of Portuguese India
In office
1515–1518
Monarch Manuel I of Portugal
Preceded by Afonso de Albuquerque
Succeeded by Diogo Lopes de Sequeira
Personal details
Born c. 1460
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 1520
Torres Vedras, Kingdom of Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Spouse(s) Ana de Albuquerque
Children Guiomar de Albuquerque
Catarina de Albuquerque
Military service
Allegiance Portuguese Empire
Commands 6th Portuguese India Armada
Battles/wars Ottoman-Portuguese conflicts

Lopo Soares de Albergaria (Lisbon, c. 1460 - Torres Vedras, c. 1520) was the third Governor of Portuguese India, having reached India in 1515 to supersede governor Afonso de Albuquerque.

Lopo Soares de Albergaria (sometimes called Lopo Soares de Alvarenga, or simply Lopo Soares) was a middling noble, well-connected to the powerful Almeida family. Lopo Soares had served a successful term (1495–99) as captain-general of São Jorge da Mina in the Portuguese Gold Coast (West Africa).

In 1504, Lopo Soares commanded the 6th Portuguese India Armada. Regarded as one of the more successful early India armadas, Lopo Soares brought the fleet back in 1505 nearly intact, with one of the best cargos yet received by King Manuel I of Portugal. This placed him in a good position for future preferment and appointments.

In March 1515 Lopo Soares de Albergaria was chosen by king Manuel I of Portugal to supersede governor Afonso de Albuquerque, and departed from Lisbon to India in 7 April. The seventeen ship fleet transported also an embassy to the Emperor of Ethiopia with Portuguese ambassador Duarte Galvão, Ethiopian ambassador Mateus (also known as Matthew the Armenian) and father Francisco Álvares. In August, having learned through contacts in Venice that the Mamluk Sultan of Cairo had prepared a fleet at Suez to fight the Portuguese, king Manuel repented to have replaced Albuquerque, and immediately wrote to Albergaria to return the command of all operations to Albuquerque, and provide him with resources to fight. However when the letter arrived, Albuquerque had already died.[1]

The Ottoman admiral Selman Reis defended Jeddah against the Portuguese attack in 1517.

As Governor in India Albergaria made a naval expedition into the Red Sea in 1517 taking on board the embassy to emperor Dawit II of Ethiopia, including Mateus, Duarte Galvão and Francisco Álvares, with the intent of landing them on the coast. First Albergaria reached Aden, which offered to surrender but he felt he could not spare the men to garrison the port.[2] The attempt to land the embassy by reaching the port of Massawa failed, with Albergaria getting no closer than the Dahlak Archipelago, and was aborted after the death of old Duarte Galvão at Kamaran. Álvares and Mateus were forced to wait until Albergaria's replacement, Diogo Lopes de Sequeira, successfully sent the embassy under D. Rodrigo de Lima in 1520.

In 1518 Lopo Soares de Albergaria captured Ceylon for his king, having landed at Colombo with a large fleet. Here he ordered the construction of a small fort named "Nossa Senhora das Virtudes" or "Santa Bárbara".

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Preceded by
João Fogaça
Captain-major of Portuguese Gold Coast
1495 - 1499
Succeeded by
Nuno Vaz de Castelo Branco
Preceded by
Afonso de Albuquerque
Governor of Portuguese India
1515 - 1518
Succeeded by
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira