Lorain County, Ohio

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Lorain County, Ohio
Elyria-ohio-old-county-building.jpg
Old county building in Elyria
Flag of Lorain County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Lorain County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Lorain County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded April 1, 1824
Named for Lorraine in France
Seat Elyria
Largest city Lorain
Area
 • Total 923 sq mi (2,391 km2)
 • Land 491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Water 432 sq mi (1,119 km2), 47%
Population
 • (2010) 301,356
 • Density 614/sq mi (237/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th, 9th
Website www.loraincounty.us

Lorain County is a county in northeastern Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 301,356.[1] Its county seat is Elyria.[2] The county was created in 1822 and later organized in 1824.[3]

Lorain County is part of the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is also home to Amherst, with its sandstone quarries, and Oberlin College, in Oberlin.

History[edit]

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Lorain County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

The original proposed name for the county was "Colerain".[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 923 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,270 km2) is land and 432 square miles (1,120 km2) (47%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-largest county in Ohio by total area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,696
1840 18,467 224.2%
1850 26,086 41.3%
1860 29,744 14.0%
1870 30,308 1.9%
1880 35,526 17.2%
1890 40,295 13.4%
1900 54,857 36.1%
1910 76,037 38.6%
1920 90,612 19.2%
1930 109,206 20.5%
1940 112,390 2.9%
1950 148,162 31.8%
1960 217,500 46.8%
1970 256,843 18.1%
1980 274,909 7.0%
1990 271,126 −1.4%
2000 284,664 5.0%
2010 301,356 5.9%
Est. 2014 304,216 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 census, there were 301,356 people, 116,274 households, and 80,077 families residing in the county. The population density was 613.3 people per square mile (223/km²). There were 127,036 housing units at an average density of 226 per square mile (87/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian (0.2% Indian, 0.2% Chinese, 0.2% Filipino), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. 8.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino (5.8% Puerto Rican, 1.8% Mexican, 0.2% Spanish or Spaniard).[10][11] 25.9% were of German, 16.9% Irish, 11.3% English, 8.5% Polish, 8.5% Italian, 4.1% Hungarian, and 3.4% Slovak ancestries according to the 2010 Census. 92.2% spoke English and 4.5% Spanish as their first language.[12]

There were 116,274 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,066, and the median income for a family was $64,443. The per capita income for the county was $25,002. About 6.70% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.[13][14]

In 2000 the county population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Public school districts[edit]

There are 20 public school districts in Lorain County. Those primarily in Lorain County are listed in bold. Each district's high school(s) and location is also listed.

  • Amherst Exempted Village School District
  • Avon Local School District
  • Avon Lake City School District
  • Black River Local School District (also in Medina Co and Ashland Co.)
    • Black River High School, Sullivan
  • Clearview Local School District
    • Clearview High School, Lorain
  • Columbia Local School District
    • Columbia High School, Columbia Station
  • Elyria City School District
  • Firelands Local School District (also in Erie Co.)
    • Firelands High School, Henrietta Twp (Oberlin)
  • Keystone Local School District
    • Keystone High School, LaGrange
  • Lorain City School District
    • Lorain High School, Lorain
  • Mapleton Local School District (Primarily in Ashland Co.)
    • Mapleton High School, Ashland
  • Midview Local School District
    • Midview High School, Eaton Twp (Grafton)
  • New London Local School District (primarily in Huron Co.)
    • New London High School, New London
  • North Ridgeville City School District
  • Oberlin City School District
    • Oberlin High School, Oberlin
  • Olmsted Falls City Schools (primarily in Cuyahoga Co.)
    • Olmsted Falls High School, Olmsted Falls
  • Sheffield-Sheffield Lake City School District
    • Brookside High School, Sheffield
  • Strongsville City School District (primarily in Cuyahoga Co.)
    • Strongsville High School, Strongsville
  • Vermilion Local Schools (primarily in Erie Co.)
    • Vermilion High School, Vermilion
  • Wellington Exempted Village School District (also in Huron Co.)
    • Wellington High School, Wellington

The county also includes the Lorain County Joint Vocational School District, which encompasses the entire county and serves students from the Amherst, Avon, Avon Lake, Clearview, Columbia, Elyria, Firelands, Keystone, Midview, North Ridgeville, Oberlin, Sheffield-Sheffield Lake and Wellington school districts from a 10-acre campus on a 100-acre site near the intersection of State Route 58 and U.S. Route 20 in Oberlin.[15]

Private high schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Lorain County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other communities[edit]

  • Belden
  • Brentwood Lake
  • Brighton
  • Brownhelm
  • Brownhelm Station
  • Columbia Hills Corners
  • Henrietta
  • Huntington
  • North Eaton
  • Penfield
  • Pittsfield

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ Sandusky Register (newspaper); Sandusky, Ohio, 1822.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  11. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_SF1_QTP10&prodType=table
  12. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table
  13. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/39093.html
  14. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP03&prodType=table
  15. ^ http://www.lcjvs.com/jvs/index.shtml

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°28′N 82°09′W / 41.47°N 82.15°W / 41.47; -82.15