Lord Adam Gordon (British Army officer)

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Lord Adam Gordon
Born c. 1726
Died 13 August 1801
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank General
Commands held Commander-in-Chief, Scotland
Battles/wars Seven Years' War

General Lord Adam Gordon (c. 1726 – 13 August 1801) was a Scottish soldier and general, a younger son of Alexander Gordon, 2nd Duke of Gordon and Lady Henrietta Mordaunt.

He entered the army as an ensign in the 2nd Dragoons in 1741, and attended Eton from 1742 to 1743. That year he was promoted lieutenant, and in 1746 became a captain of the 18th Regiment of Foot.[1]

Seven Years' War[edit]

He was returned for Aberdeenshire in 1754, and was made lieutenant-colonel of the 3rd Foot Guards in 1756. He supported the recently fallen Duke of Newcastle during the parliamentary inquiry into his ministry's role in the loss of Minorca. In 1758, he took part in the descent on Cherbourg, and fought bravely at the Battle of St. Cast,[1] leading the grenadier company of the Guards as part of the rearguard there.[2]

Gordon continued in Parliament after the 1761 election as a supporter of the rising Lord Bute. On 19 January 1763, he was made colonel of the 66th Regiment of Foot, and the next year, toured the West Indies, the American colonies, and Canada, looking to invest in land. He returned to England in 1765.[1]

On 2 September 1767, he married Jean, Dowager Duchess of Atholl (daughter of John Drummond[3]), and laid aside his American projects. He left Parliament in 1768, but returned again for Kincardineshire in 1774. He had, by 1772, been promoted major-general.[1]

On 27 December 1775, Gordon was appointed colonel of the 26th Regiment of Foot, but he did not receive a command during the American Revolution. A zealous supporter of Lord North's government, he was appointed Governor of Tynemouth in 1778 and colonel of The Royal Scots on 9 May 1782. Unhappy with the terms of the Treaty of Paris and the fate of the loyalists, he supported the new ministry of Pitt in 1783. He left Parliament in 1788. Gordon was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Scotland in 1789, promoted general in 1793, and resigned Tynemouth for the governorship of Edinburgh Castle in 1796. He was replaced as Commander-in-Chief in 1798 and retired to his seat in Kincardineshire, where he died in 1801.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Handley, Stuart, ed. (2004). "Gordon, Lord Adam (c.1726–1801)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 September 2006. 
  2. ^ Galt, John (1813). "Letters From the Levant". Retrieved 21 September 2006. [dead link]
  3. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard (1853). Index to Burke's dictionary of the landed gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Colburn and Company. p. 109. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Andrew Mitchell
Member of Parliament for Aberdeenshire
1754–1768
Succeeded by
Alexander Garden
Preceded by
Robert Rickart Hepburn
Member of Parliament for Kincardineshire
1774–1788
Succeeded by
Robert Barclay-Allardice
Military offices
Preceded by
John La Fausille
Colonel of the 66th Regiment of Foot
1763–1775
Succeeded by
Joseph Gabbett
Preceded by
John Scott
Colonel of the 26th Regiment of Foot
1775–1782
Succeeded by
Sir William Erskine, Bt
Preceded by
The Duke of Argyll
Colonel of The Royal Scots
1782–1801
Succeeded by
The Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Preceded by
Unknown
Commander-in-Chief in Scotland
1789–1798
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Abercromby