Lord Alwyne Compton (politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Compton as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, April 1902

Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton, DSO, DL (5 June 1855 – 16 December 1911)[1] was a British Army officer who became a Liberal Unionist and then Unionist politician.


Compton was the third but second eldest surviving son of Admiral William Compton, 4th Marquess of Northampton, and his wife Eliza, daughter of Admiral Sir George Elliot.[2] William Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton, was his elder brother.[2]


He was educated at Eton[3] and entered the 31st Foot as a sub-lieutenant on 18 March 1874.[4] He exchanged to the Grenadier Guards on 12 May 1875.[5] Promoted to supernumerary lieutenant, Compton again exchanged into the 10th Hussars on 20 August 1879.[6] In May 1882, he became aide-de-camp to Lord Ripon, the Viceroy of India,[3] until the latter left office in February 1884, and was appointed full lieutenant on 28 November 1883.[7]

Compton subsequently took part in the British campaign in the Sudan in 1884, and fought at El Teb and Tamai.[3] He was appointed adjutant in March 1885,[8] and resigned his adjutantcy on 20 October 1886.[9] Compton married Mary Evelyn Violet, daughter of Robert Charles de Grey Vyner, in 1886.

He was elected to the House of Commons at the 1895 general election as the Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for the Biggleswade division of Bedfordshire.[1][10] Compton was re-elected unopposed in 1900,[10] but at the 1906 general election he was defeated by the Liberal Party candidate Arthur Black.[10] He was returned to the Commons at the January 1910 election as Unionist MP for Brentford,[11] and held the seat until his resignation on 15 March 1911 by the procedural device of appointment as Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds.[12]

In 1900-1901 he fought with the Bedfordshire Imperial Yeomanry during the Second Boer War (1899-1901), was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in November 1900,[13] and was promoted Major in September 1901.[3][14]

He died in December 1911, aged 56. Lady Alwyne Compton died in October 1957.


  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 12 August 2010. [unreliable source?]
  3. ^ a b c d The House of Commons, February 1901. London: Macmillan & Co. 1901. p. 15. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  4. ^ Hart, H.G. (1874). The New Army List. London: John Murray. p. 175. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24207. p. 2508. 12 May 1875. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24753. p. 5043. 19 August 1879. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25295. p. 6374. 11 December 1883. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25452. p. 1196. 17 March 1885. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25635. p. 5056. 19 October 1886. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  10. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 219. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  11. ^ Craig, page 344
  12. ^ Department of Information Services (9 June 2009). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850". House of Commons Library. Retrieved 30 November 2009. [dead link]
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27359. p. 6306. 27 September 1901.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27362. p. 6491. 4 October 1901.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George W. E. Russell
Member of Parliament for Biggleswade
Succeeded by
Arthur Black
Preceded by
Vickerman Henzell Rutherford
Member of Parliament for Brentford
January 19101911
Succeeded by
William Joynson-Hicks