Charles Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lord Falconer)
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton
PC QC
Charles Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, May 2009.jpg
Secretary of State for Justice
In office
9 May 2007 – 27 June 2007
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Jack Straw
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
In office
12 June 2003 – 28 June 2007
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by The Lord Irvine of Lairg
Succeeded by Jack Straw
Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
In office
12 June 2003 – 8 May 2007
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Minister of State for Housing and Planning
In office
11 June 2001 – 29 May 2002
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Nick Raynsford
Succeeded by Jeff Rooker
Solicitor General for England and Wales
In office
6 May 1997 – 28 July 1998
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Derek Spencer
Succeeded by Ross Cranston
Personal details
Born Charles Leslie Falconer
(1951-11-19) 19 November 1951 (age 62)
Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Political party Labour
Alma mater Queens' College, Cambridge

Charles Leslie Falconer, Baron Falconer of Thoroton, PC, QC (born 19 November 1951) is a British Labour politician and barrister.

Falconer became the Lord Chancellor and the first Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs in 2003 under Prime Minister Tony Blair, and would go on to become the first Secretary of State for Justice in a 2007 reorganization and enlargement of the portfolio of the Department for Constitutional Affairs. He held this role for over a month until Gordon Brown became Prime Minister in June 2007. Falconer was replaced by Jack Straw.

Education and early life[edit]

Charles Leslie Falconer was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on 19 November 1951, the son of John Leslie Falconer, a solicitor, and his wife Anne Mansel.[1] Falconer's paternal grandfather was John Ireland Falconer, a former Lord Provost of Edinburgh.[2] Falconer was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and Trinity College, Glenalmond.[1] He read Law at Queens' College, Cambridge.

On 20 July 2010, Lord Falconer was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws (LLD) by Nottingham Trent University[3]

Relationship with Tony Blair[edit]

Falconer became a flatmate of Tony Blair when they were both young barristers in London in the late 1970s in Wandsworth, having first met as pupils at rival Edinburgh schools in the 1960s. At school, he became intimate with Amanda Mackenzie Stuart, a former girlfriend of Blair, immediately after that relationship.

While Blair went into politics, Falconer concentrated on his legal career. He practised from Fountain Court Chambers in London, and became a Queen's Counsel in 1991.

Early political career, 1997-2003[edit]

On 6 May 1997, as Blair became Prime Minister, Falconer was made a life peer as Baron Falconer of Thoroton, of Thoroton in the County of Nottinghamshire. He was the first peer created on the new Prime Minister's recommendation, and immediately joined the government as Solicitor General.

In 1998 Falconer became Minister of State at the Cabinet Office, taking over responsibility for the Millennium Dome following the resignation of Peter Mandelson. He acquired the nickname of "Dome Secretary" over time. He was heavily criticised for the failure of the Dome to attract an audience, but resisted calls for his resignation. This is in contrast to the sacking of Dome chief executive Jennie Page just one month after the fiasco of the New Millennium eve opening night.

Falconer joined the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions as Minister for Housing, Planning and Regeneration after the 2001 election. He moved on to the Home Office in 2002, being given responsibility for criminal justice, sentencing and law reform. He reportedly annoyed some of his fellow lawyers by suggesting that their fees were too high.[4]

Cabinet Minister, 2003-2007[edit]

In 2003 Falconer joined the Cabinet as the Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs, becoming also Lord Chancellor "for the interim period" before the office was planned to be abolished. The government argued that the position of a cabinet minister as a Judge and Head of the Judiciary was no longer appropriate and would not be upheld by the European Convention on Human Rights.

The announcement was generally seen as a rushed one as the abolition of the office of Lord Chancellor would require primary legislation. Removing the Lord Chancellor's judicial role was a policy known to be disliked by Lord Irvine of Lairg, the previous Lord Chancellor.

The post of Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs took over the remaining responsibilities of the Lord Chancellor, and also became the sponsoring Department for the Secretary of State for Wales and the Secretary of State for Scotland. Falconer announced his intention not to use the Lord Chancellor's power to sit as a judge and stopped wearing the traditional robe and wig of office. Falconer hoped to be the last to hold the title, ending 1,400 years of tradition.

However, Lord Falconer has since said to the House of Lords Constitution Committee that he now "regrets" campaigning for the historic role of Lord Chancellor to be abolished. He even joked about reinstating the traditional practice – abolished by his predecessor Lord Irvine – of making the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Great Chamberlain and the Earl Marshal walk backwards ahead of the Queen to show respect. "I was keen to walk backwards, but was told I could not because all the other people now walked forwards and I would look like a crazed... I would be a very, very odd Lord Chancellor on that basis", Lord Falconer told the committee.

Freedom of Information Act[edit]

In his role as Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs, Lord Falconer sought to make it easier for government bodies to refuse to release documents under the Freedom of Information Act (2000), on the grounds that they are too expensive and too time-consuming for civil servants to find. Currently, the legislation allows requests for information to be refused if the cost they will incur exceeds £600 for Whitehall and £450 for other public bodies. Lord Falconer's proposed changes would make no difference to this level, but would expand the number of activities that would be included in the totals, making it easier for government parties to refuse requests for information. At the end of March 2007, Falconer's department announced that it would not introduce the proposals to parliament, but would instead have a second three-month consultation with the public (the previous consultation, also of three months, ended three weeks previous to this). Media elements reported this change as a 'backtracking', and Maurice Frankel, director of the Campaign for Freedom of Information, was quoted as saying "This raises the strong possibility that the government will decide to leave the current arrangements untouched"[5]

Internet censorship[edit]

In February 2008, Lord Falconer told a BBC radio program that the government should require certain news articles to be removed from online archives during sensitive trials.[6] This move was questioned as the articles were readily available in printed newspapers and other physical media, presenting a possible misunderstanding of the internet as a medium.[6]

Political career after leaving cabinet, 2007-[edit]

Falconer was replaced in his ministerial posts by Jack Straw in Gordon Brown's inaugural cabinet reshuffle, with Straw becoming the first non-Member of the House of Lords to take up the historic office of Lord Chancellor.

On 7 June 2009, while being interviewed by the BBC Politics Show, Falconer called for an urgent debate on Gordon Brown's leadership, as Labour braced itself for "terrible" election results at the 2009 European Parliament Elections, following being "humiliated" at the 2009 County Council elections. He said he was "not sure" Labour could unite while Brown remained leader, arguing "can we get unity under the current leadership? I am not sure that we can and we need to debate it urgently and I think probably it will need a change in leader." He said he admired Gordon Brown "greatly" but said he had an "inability to hold the party together".[7]

Falconer has gone on to hold various position outside of Parliament since leaving office. On 22 May 2008 it was announced that Lord Falconer had been appointed as Chairman of the AmicusHorizon Group Limited, a Registered Social Landlord.[8] On 8 July 2008, Lord Falconer joined US law firm Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher as a senior counsel[9]

Personal life[edit]

He married Marianna Hildyard,[10] also a barrister, in 1985.[11] Her father, Sir D.H.T. Hildyard, was the British Ambassador to Chile. She became a QC in 2002. They have four children: Hamish, William "Rocco", Rosie and Johnny. Hamish is a student at St John's College, Cambridge. He and his family own a house and a basement flat in Islington. They also own a country retreat in Thoroton, Nottinghamshire. Falconer's father used to live in the village, and they rent out his old home.

Falconer was chair of Cambridge University Amnesty International between 2006 and 2007, and is the director of Sudan Divestment.[12]

Falconer placed three sons at independent Westminster School and St Paul's School, and daughter at South Hampstead School.[13] In the lead-up to the 1997 election, as he attempted to be selected for the seat of Dudley East, it proved to be an electoral problem for Falconer. He intended to keep his children at Westminster if selected, which caused the local selection panel to drop him from the selection procedure.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blair's pal and valued confidant". Financial Times, London, UK, LONDON 2ND EDITION. 27 Sep 2003. 
  2. ^ "EDINBURGH'S NEXT LORD PROVOST: Mr John I. Falconer to Be Elected COUNCIL MEETING TO-DAY". The Scotsman Newspaper, Edinburgh, Scotland. 10 November 1944. p. 4. 
  3. ^ "Lord Falconer receives honorary degree from Nottingham Trent University". YouTube. 21 July 2010. 
  4. ^ unspecified
  5. ^ Rob Evans (30 March 2007). "Ministers backtrack on secrecy plans". The Guardian. 
  6. ^ a b Anderson, Nate (21 February 2008). "Former Lord Chancellor wants retroactive UK web censorship". Arstechnica.com. 
  7. ^ Lord Falconer says Labour 'probably' needs new Leader, Daily Telegraph, 7 June 2009, retrieved 30 August 2013
  8. ^ "AmicusHorizon Ltd website. Retrieved 7 June 2009". Amicushorizon.org.uk. 17 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Gibson Dunn secures hire of ex-Lord Chancellor". Claire Ruckin. 8 July 2008; Legal Week[dead link]
  10. ^ "Marianna Hildyard QC at 4 Brick Court website". 4bc.co.uk. 
  11. ^ "Profile: Domesday for Falconer?". BBC News. 9 November 2000. 
  12. ^ "Blair hands falconer a flat worth £200,000 a year". London Evening Standard. 25 October 2006. 
  13. ^ "The actual title goes here!". The Times. 
  14. ^ Lordly heights for Blair's friend, BBC News, 12 June 2003, retrieved 30 August 2013

External links[edit]


Legal offices
Preceded by
Derek Spencer
Solicitor General for England and Wales
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Ross Cranston
Political offices
New office Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Himself
as Secretary of State for Justice
Preceded by
The Lord Irvine of Lairg
Lord Chancellor
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Jack Straw
Preceded by
Himself
as Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
Secretary of State for Justice
2007
Preceded by
Nick Raynsford
Minister of State for Housing and Planning
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Lord Rooker
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Irvine of Lairg
Presiding Officer in the House of Lords
as Lord Chancellor

2003–2006
Succeeded by
The Baroness Hayman
as Lord Speaker