Roy Hattersley

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Hattersley
FRSL, PC
Roy Hattersley 2012 cropped 2.jpg
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
2 October 1983 – 18 July 1992
Leader Neil Kinnock
Preceded by Denis Healey
Succeeded by Margaret Beckett
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
13 July 1987 – 25 July 1992
Leader Neil Kinnock
Preceded by Gerald Kaufman
Succeeded by Tony Blair
In office
4 November 1980 – 11 June 1983
Leader Michael Foot
Preceded by Merlyn Rees
Succeeded by Gerald Kaufman
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
31 October 1983 – 18 July 1987
Leader Neil Kinnock
Preceded by Peter Shore
Succeeded by John Smith
Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection
In office
10 September 1976 – 4 May 1979
Prime Minister James Callaghan
Preceded by Shirley Williams
Succeeded by Position abolished
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham Sparkbrook
In office
15 October 1964 – 1 May 1997
Preceded by Leslie Seymour
Succeeded by Constituency Abolished
Personal details
Born Roy Sydney George Hattersley
(1932-12-28) 28 December 1932 (age 81)
Sheffield, England
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Molly (1956-2013;divorced)
Maggie Pearlstine (m. 2013)
Alma mater University of Hull
Profession Journalist

Roy Sydney George Hattersley, Baron Hattersley, FRSL, PC (born 28 December 1932) is a British Labour politician, author and journalist from Sheffield. He was MP for Birmingham Sparkbrook for 33 years from 1964 to 1997. He served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1983 to 1992.

Early life[edit]

Roy Hattersley has been a socialist and Labour supporter from his youth, electioneering at the age of 12 for his local MP and city councillors, beginning in 1945. His mother, Enid (née Brackenbury), was a city councillor, and later served as Lord Mayor of Sheffield (1981). His father, Frederick Hattersley, was a former Roman Catholic priest, who renounced the church and left the priesthood to marry. He died an atheist. Roy Hattersley is a dedicated supporter of Sheffield Wednesday F.C.[1]

Education[edit]

He won a scholarship to Sheffield City Grammar School[2] and went from there to study at the University of Hull. Having been accepted to read English at the University of Leeds,[3] he was diverted into reading Economics when told by a Sheffield colleague of his mother that it was necessary for a political career.

At university Hattersley joined the Socialist Society (SocSoc) and was one of those responsible for changing its name to the "Labour Club" and affiliating it with the non-aligned International Union of Socialist Youth (IUSY) rather than the Soviet-backed International Union of Students. Hattersley became chairman of the new club and later treasurer, and he went on to chair the National Association of Labour Student Organisations. He also joined the executive of the IUSY.

Member of Parliament[edit]

After graduating Hattersley worked briefly for a Sheffield steelworks and then for two years with the Workers' Educational Association. He married his first wife Molly,[4] who became a headteacher and educational administrator. In 1956 he was elected to the City Council as Labour representative for Crookesmoor and was, very briefly, a JP. On the Council he spent time as chairman of the Public Works Committee and then the Housing Committee.

His aim became a Westminster seat, and he was eventually selected for Labour to stand for election in the Sutton Coldfield constituency but lost to the Conservative Geoffrey Lloyd in 1959. He kept hunting for prospective candidacies, applying for twenty-five seats over three years. In 1963 he was chosen as the prospective parliamentary candidate for the multi-racial Birmingham Sparkbrook constituency (following a well-known local 'character', Jack Webster) and facing a Conservative majority of just under 900. On 16 October 1964 he was elected by 1,254 votes; he was to hold that seat for the next eight general elections.[citation needed]

Journalist[edit]

At first he was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Margaret Herbison, the Minister for Pensions. His maiden speech was on a housing subsidies bill. Still a Gaitskellite, he also joined the 1963 Club. He also wrote his first Endpiece column for The Spectator (the column moved to The Listener in 1979, and then to The Guardian).[citation needed]

Ministerial positions[edit]

Despite the support of Roy Jenkins and Tony Crosland he did not gain a ministerial position until 1967, joining Ray Gunter at the Ministry of Labour. He was reportedly disliked by Prime Minister Harold Wilson as a "Jenkinsite". The following year he was promoted to Under Secretary in the same ministry, now led by Barbara Castle, and become closely involved in implementing the unpopular Prices and Incomes Act. In 1969 after the fiasco over In Place of Strife he was promoted to deputy to Denis Healey, the Minister of Defence, following the death of Gerry Reynolds. One of his first jobs, while Healey was hospitalised, was to sign the Army Board Order – putting troops into Northern Ireland.

European Common Market[edit]

The Labour defeat of 1970 ended six years of Labour government. Hattersley was to hold his seat – often increasing his majority – but for the next twenty-six years as MP he was to spend twenty one in Opposition. He was appointed Deputy Foreign Affairs Spokesman, again under Healey, which involved a lot of foreign travel if nothing else. He also took a Visiting Fellowship to the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. During this time he also became an enthusiastic supporter of the Common Market, his "drift to the political centre" put him at odds with much of the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP). He was one of the sixty-nine 'rebels' who voted with the Conservative government for entry into the EEC, which precipitated the resignation of Roy Jenkins as deputy leader (10 April 1972) and eventually a permanent split within Labour. (It was the adoption of a referendum on the EEC as shadow cabinet policy that caused Jenkins to resign.) For 'standing by' the party Hattersley was appointed Shadow Defence Secretary 1972 to 1973 and later Shadow Secretary of State for Education (the one government post he had always coveted).

Privy Council[edit]

In the Wilson government of 1974 he was appointed the (non-cabinet) Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, and in 1975 he was appointed a Privy Councillor. Hattersley headed the British delegation to Reykjavik during the "Cod War", but was primarily given the task of renegotiating the terms of the UK's membership of the EEC. Following the resignation of Wilson he voted for Jim Callaghan in the ensuing leadership contest in order to stop Michael Foot (a man "[who] for all his virtues ... could not become Prime Minister"). Under Callaghan he finally made it into the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection, a position he held until Labour's defeat in the 1979 General Election.

In 1979 he was appointed to shadow Michael Heseltine as the Minister for the Environment, contending with him over the cuts in local government powers and the "right to buy". Following the rise of the 'hard left', as demonstrated at the 1980 Labour Conference, Callaghan resigned. The leadership contest was between Healey and Foot, with Hattersley organising Healey's campaign. "An electorate [the PLP] deranged by fear" elected Foot. Healey was made deputy leader and Hattersley was appointed Shadow Home Secretary, but felt that Foot was "a good man in the wrong job", "a baffling combination of the admirable and the absurd". Healey was challenged for his post in 1981, following electoral rule changes, by Tony Benn, retaining his post by 50.426% to 49.574%. Hattersley felt that "the Bennite alliance [although defeated] ... played a major part in keeping the Conservatives in power for almost twenty years". Hattersley also had very little regard for those Labour defectors who created the SDP in 1981. He helped found Labour Solidarity (1981–83) and credits the group with preventing the disintegration of the Party.

Deputy Leader[edit]

Following Labour's devastating defeat in the 1983 general election Foot declined to continue as leader. Hattersley stood in the subsequent leadership election, John Smith was his campaign manager and a young Peter Mandelson impressed Hattersley. The other competitors were Neil Kinnock, Peter Shore, and Eric Heffer. Hattersley had the support of most of the Shadow Cabinet, but the majority of the PLP, the constituency groups and the unions were in favour of Kinnock. In the final count Kinnock secured around three times as many votes as the second-place Hattersley. As was standard practice at the time Hattersley became deputy leader. The combination was promoted at the time as being a "dream ticket" with Kinnock a representative of the left of the party and Hattersley of the right. Hattersley remained deputy for eight years and also Shadow Chancellor until 1987, when he moved back to Shadow Home Affairs.[citation needed]

Kinnock and Hattersley went to work to rehabilitate Labour after 1983. After the Miners' Strike they purged the Militant tendency and in 1988 they fought off a leadership challenge by Tony Benn, Eric Heffer, and John Prescott . Defeat in 1987 was expected; by 1992 it was much more even. Labour had regularly topped opinion polls since 1989 and at one stage had a lead of up to 15 points over the Tories, though this was cut back and more than once overhauled by the Tories after the resignation of Margaret Thatcher as prime minister to make way for John Major in November 1990. In the run-up to the 1992 election, Hattersley was present at the Labour Party rally in his native Sheffield and backed up Kinnock with the claim that "with every day that passes, Neil looks more and more like the real tenant of number 10 Downing Street".[5]

Backbenches and retirement[edit]

The general election was held on 9 April 1992, but saw Labour again defeated by the Conservatives. Kinnock announced his resignation as party leader on 13 April, and on the same day Hattersley announced his intention to resign from the deputy leadership of the party, with the intention of carrying on in their roles until the new leadership was elected that summer.[6]

Hattersley supported his friend John Smith in the leadership contest, which Smith won in July that year. In 1993 Hattersley announced he would leave politics at the following general election. He was made a life peer as Baron Hattersley, of Sparkbrook in the County of West Midlands on 24 November 1997.[7]

Hattersley was long regarded as being on the right of the party, but with New Labour in power he found himself criticising a Labour government from the left, even claiming that "Blair's Labour Party is not the Labour Party I joined". He mentioned repeatedly that he would be supporting Gordon Brown as leader.[citation needed]

Later life[edit]

Hattersley is the author of three novels and several biographies. He has written biographies on religious topics, and on the Edwardian period as well. His 700-page biography of Lloyd George The Great Outsider: David Lloyd George was published by Little, Brown in 2010.

In 1996 he was fined for an incident involving his dog, Buster, after it killed a goose in one of London's royal parks. He later wrote the "diary" of Buster, writing from the dog's perspective on the incident, in which it claimed to have acted in self-defence.[8] In January 2010, after the death of Buster the previous October, Hattersley adopted a white bull-terrier dog called Jake from an animal rescue centre.[9]

In 2008, Hattersley appeared in a documentary on the DVD for the Doctor Who serial Doctor Who and the Silurians, to discuss the political climate that existed at the time of making the serial. He now writes a regular column for the Daily Mail, "In Search Of England", about different parts of the United Kingdom; it normally appears in the paper on Tuesdays. In 2003 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.[10]

Hattersley married his first wife Molly in 1956. They divorced in April 2013 after 57 years of marriage, having been separated for five years. They had no children.[4] In summer 2013, he married Maggie Pearlstine, his literary agent.[11] Hattersley supports a British republic.[12]

Partial bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (22 May 2001). "Enid Hattersley's obituary". London, UK: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "Short, sharp aftershock". The Guardian. 18 September 2007. 
  3. ^ "Books for pleasure", The Guardian, 12 February 2007; retrieved 13 February 2007.
  4. ^ a b Jill Reilly "Labour's 80-year-old former deputy leader Roy Hattersley is granted a 'quickie' divorce from his wife after 57 years of marriage", dailymail.co.uk, 13 April 2013; accessed 18 March 2014.
  5. ^ Barnard, Stephanie (27 July 2009). "Sheffield & South Yorkshire: Kinnock came and didn't conquer". BBC News. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "1992: Labour's Neil Kinnock resigns". BBC News. 13 April 1992. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54961. p. 13331. 27 November 1997.
  8. ^ "Buster's Diaries as Told to Roy Hattersley With a New Postscript: Amazon.co.uk: Roy Hattersley: Books". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Profile, Timesonline.co.uk; 21 January 2010.
  10. ^ "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  11. ^ Richard Kay "Roy Hattersley remarries at age of 81: Labour peer weds long-time companion in low-key summer ceremony", dailymail.co.uk, 8 October 2013
  12. ^ Hattersley classified as a republican in The Guardian, theguardian.com, 3 April 2005; accessed 12 April 2014.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Leslie Seymour
Member of Parliament for Birmingham Sparkbrook
19641997
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Shirley Williams
Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection
1976–1979
Position abolished
Preceded by
Merlyn Rees
Shadow Home Secretary
1980–1983
Succeeded by
Gerald Kaufman
Preceded by
Peter Shore
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
1983–1987
Succeeded by
John Smith
Preceded by
Gerald Kaufman
Shadow Home Secretary
1987–1992
Succeeded by
Tony Blair
Party political offices
Preceded by
Denis Healey
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
1983–1992
Succeeded by
Margaret Beckett