Peter Inge, Baron Inge

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Field Marshal The Rt. Hon.
The Lord Inge
KG GCB PC DL
Field Marshal Sir Peter Inge KG, GCB.JPG
Lord Inge of Richmond
Born (1935-08-05) 5 August 1935 (age 78)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1956 – 1997
Rank Field Marshal
Service number 448984
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards

Field Marshal the Right Honourable Peter Anthony Inge, Baron Inge KG GCB PC DL (born 5 August 1935) was the Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, between 1992 and 1994. He then served as Chief of the Defence Staff before retiring in 1997. Early in his early military career he saw action during the Malayan Emergency and in Northern Ireland and later in his career he provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War.

Army career[edit]

The son of Raymond Albert Inge and Grace Maud Caroline Inge (née Du Rose), he was educated at Wrekin College and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst,[1] He was commissioned into the Green Howards from Sandhurst on 27 July 1956.[2] He was promoted to lieutenant on 27 July 1958,[3] and served with the 1st Battalion in Hong Kong and Germany and was deployed on operational service to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency.[4] Appointed aide-de-camp to the General Officer Commanding 4th Division in 1960,[1] he was promoted to captain on 27 July 1962[5] and made adjutant of 1st Battalion the Green Howards in 1963.[1]

After working in the Ministry of Defence, and being promoted to major on 31 December 1967,[6] he returned to the Battalion as a company commander in 1969 and was deployed to Northern Ireland.[7] He served as Brigade Major with the 11th Armoured Brigade from August 1971, before being promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 31 December 1972[8] and becoming an Instructor at the Staff College, Camberley in 1973.[1] He was appointed Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion the Green Howards in 1974.[1] Promoted to colonel on 31 December 1976,[9] he commanded the Staff College’s Junior Division from 1977 and, following his promotion to brigadier on 31 December 1979,[10] he commanded Task Force C of the British Army of the Rhine from 1980.[1] From 1982 he was Chief of Staff of I (British) Corps.[1] He returned to Britain as General Officer Commanding North Eastern District and Commander 2nd Infantry Division, based in York from 12 January 1984[11] with the substantive rank of major-general from 16 April 1984.[12] In 1986, he was appointed Director General, Logistics Policy (Army) at the Ministry of Defence.[7]

He was promoted to lieutenant general and became General Officer Commanding I (British) Corps on 8 August 1987[13] and was appointed KCB in the New Year Honours 1988.[14] He relinquished this command on 2 October 1989.[15] On 27 November 1989 he became the Commander of NATO’s Northern Army Group and Commander in Chief of British Army of the Rhine in Germany with the local rank of general;[16] his rank was made substantive on 3 January 1990.[17]

Having become ADC to the Queen on 21 February 1991[18] and advanced to GCB in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1992,[19] he was made Chief of the General Staff in February 1992 and Chief of the Defence Staff with the rank of field marshal on 15 March 1994.[20] He served in this post, in which he provided military advice to the British Government on the conduct of the Bosnian War, until he retired in 1997.[1] He was appointed Colonel of the Green Howards in 1982, Colonel Commandant of the Royal Military Police in 1987 and Colonel Commandant of the Army Physical Training Corps in 1988.[1]

Later career[edit]

After stepping down as Chief of the Defence Staff, he was created a life peer as Baron Inge, of Richmond in the County of North Yorkshire.[21] He also became a Knight of the Garter on 23 April 2001.[22]

In 2004 he was made a Privy Councillor and appointed to serve a member of the Butler Inquiry team, which examined the use of intelligence during the Iraq War.[23] Chaired by Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, the inquiry determined that the intelligence used to declare Iraq's possession of "Weapons of Mass Destruction" was flawed.[23]

In retirement he became a non-executive director of Racal Electronics plc, Commissioner of the Royal Hospital Chelsea, Trustee of the Historic Royal Palaces and President of the Army Benevolent Fund.[1] He is a member of the advisory board of Aegis Defence Services,[24] a private military company based in London having previously, until February 2010, been the Chairman of the Board of Directors.[25]

Family[edit]

In 1960 he married Letitia Thornton-Berry; they have two daughters.[1]

Styles[edit]

  • 1935-1956: Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1956-1958: Second Lieutenant Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1958-1962: Lieutenant Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1962-1967: Captain Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1967-1972: Major Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1972-1976: Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1976-1979: Colonel Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1979-12 January 1984: Brigadier Peter Anthony Inge
  • 12 January – 16 April 1984: Brigadier (Actg. Major-General) Peter Anthony Inge
  • 16 April 1984 – 1987: Major-General Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1987-1 January 1988: Lieutenant-General Peter Anthony Inge
  • 1 January 1988 – 27 November 1989: Lieutenant-General Sir Peter Anthony Inge, KCB
  • 27 November 1989 – 3 January 1990: Lieutenant-General (Local General) Sir Peter Anthony Inge, KCB
  • 3 January 1990 – 25 March 1991: General Sir Peter Anthony Inge, KCB
  • 25 March 1991 – 1992: General Sir Peter Anthony Inge, KCB, ADC
  • 1992-15 March 1994: General Sir Peter Anthony Inge, GCB, ADC
  • 15 March – 21 April 1994: Field Marshal Sir Peter Anthony Inge, GCB, ADC
  • 21 April 1994 – 1997: Field Marshal Sir Peter Anthony Inge, GCB
  • 1997 - 23 April 2001: Field Marshal the Right Honourable the Lord Inge, GCB, DL
  • 23 April 2001 – 2004: Field Marshal the Right Honourable the Lord Inge, KG, GCB, DL
  • 2004–present: Field Marshal the Right Honourable the Lord Inge, KG, PC, GCB, DL
Order of the Garter UK ribbon.png Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png
General Service Medal 1918 BAR.svg General Service Medal 1962 BAR MID.png Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png
Order of the Garter UK ribbon.png Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG) (2001)
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) (1992)
General Service Medal 1918 BAR.svg General Service Medal (1918)
General Service Medal 1962 BAR MID.png General Service Medal (1962) with palm for Mentioned in Dispatches
Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal

Arms[edit]

Arms of Peter Inge, Baron Inge
Coat of Arms of Peter, Baron Inge.svg
Notes
Knight since 1988
Coronet
Coronet of a Baron
Crest
Issuing from a representation of the White Tower of London Argent, a Phoenix Or, inflamed Gules.
Torse
Mantling Argent and Gules.
Escutcheon
Argent, on a Cross nowy formy throughout Gules, the limbs voided Vert, a Rose Argent, barbed and seeded Or.
Supporters
Dexter: a Ram Or, armed, unguled and gorged with Lozenges conjoined Gules, supporting an UK Field Marshal’s Baton erect proper.

Sinister: a Lion Or, gorged with Lozenges conjoined Gules, supporting an UK Field Marshal’s Baton erect proper.

Compartment
A Limestone Rock proper.
Motto
SEMPER FIDES
Latin: Always faithful
Orders
The Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 2001).
The collar as Grand Cross Knight of the Order of the Bath (Appointed KCB 1988 & GCB 1992)[26][27][28][29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010; ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40882. p. 5347. 18 September 1956. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41458. p. 4720. 25 July 1958. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  4. ^ Heathcote, p. 183
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42742. p. 5976. 24 July 1962. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44493. p. 76. 29 December 1967. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b Heathcote, p.184
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45867. p. 91. 1 January 1973. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47117. p. 361. 10 January 1977. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 48080. p. 1438. 28 January 1980. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49625. p. 1045. 23 January 1984. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 49754. p. 7748. 4 June 1984. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51053. p. 11201. 7 September 1987. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51171. p. 2. 30 December 1987. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51890. p. 11310. 2 October 1989. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51948. p. 13725. 28 November 1989. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 52023. p. 955. 22 January 1990. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52485. p. 4774. 25 March 1991. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52767. p. 2. 30 December 1991. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53645. p. 5799. 18 April 1994. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  21. ^ Heathcote, p.185
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56183. p. 4839. 23 April 2001. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  23. ^ a b "Butler report (from The Guardian)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "Register of Interests". House of Lords. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  25. ^ "Stars and Dragons: The EU and China - European Union Committee". House of Lords. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  26. ^ Chesshyre, Hubert (1996), The Friends of St. George's & Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Annual Review
  27. ^ The Companion (Issue 9 Spring 2009). College of St. George (ed.), p.5. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  28. ^ Baron Inge's Crest. College of St George. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  29. ^ Order of Bath insignia, Heraldsnet. Retrieved 19 December 2013.

Further reading[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Patrick Palmer
General Officer Commanding the 2nd Infantry Division
1984–1985
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Preceded by
Sir Brian Kenny
GOC 1st (British) Corps
1987 – 1989
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Preceded by
Sir Brian Kenny
Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Preceded by
Sir John Chapple
Chief of the General Staff
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Preceded by
Sir Peter Harding
Chief of the Defence Staff
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir John Stanier
Constable of the Tower of London
1996 – 2001
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Wheeler