Lordship and Barony of Hailes
Hailes is traditionally believed to have been founded by an Englishman, taken prisoner in the reign of David II of Scotland, who was rewarded with the grant of lands in East Lothian for having on rescued the Earl of Dunbar and March from an attacking horse.
Patrick de Dunbar, 9th Earl of March granted the Barony of Hailes to Adam de Hepburn (or Hibburne or Hyburne) in 1343 (thus the Hepburns held Hailes in heritage from the Earl of March, who in turn held it on behalf of the Crown); Hew Gourlay of Beinstoun having earlier foreited the lands. On 20 December 1451, James II, King of Scots, granted Sir Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailes, and his heirs and assignees, the lands of the Lordship of Hailes, including Hailes Castle, and other lands, to be incorporated into the free barony of Hailes. Sir Patrick Hepburn was created a peer of the Parliament of Scotland under the title Lord Hailes in 1453.
The Lordship and Barony of Hailes remained in the Hepburn family until 20 December 1567 when it was forfeited to the Parliament of Scotland by James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. On 1 October 1594, it was granted to Sir Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch, remaining with the Scott family until around the time of the Cromwellian invasion of Scotland in 1650 when it came into the possession of the Earls of Winton. In 1692, the Lordship and Barony of Hailes was disponed by James Melville of Halhill to Sir David Dalrymple, advocate and remained in the Dalrymple family until 1876 when it was transferred to Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour.
The caput baronium (or simply "caput") of the Lordship and Barony of Hailes is Hailes Castle.
Barons of Hailes
Holders of the barony in heritage from Patrick de Dunbar, 9th Earl of March, who held it on behalf of the Crown:
|Barons of Hailes||Succeeded|
|Adam de Hepburn||1343|
|Patrick Hepburn of Hailes||before 1371|
|Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes||after 1402|
|Sir Patrick Hepburn||circa 1446|
Lords and Barons of Hailes
On 20 Dec 1451, James II, King of Scots, granted the Lordship and Barony of Hailes to Sir Patrick Hepburn, thereby converting the Barony that had been held in heritage from the Earl of March into a Lordship and Barony granted by the King.
|Lords and Barons of Hailes||Succeeded|
|Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailesa||20 Dec 1451|
|Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwellb||1483b|
|Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwellb||1508b|
|Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwellb||1513b|
|James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell||1556|
|Forfeited to Parliament of Scotland||20 Dec 1567|
|Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch||1594|
|Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuchb||1611b|
|Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuchb||1633b|
|George Seton, 4th Earl of Winton||circa 1650|
|James Melville of Halhill||1675a|
|Sir David Dalrymple||1692|
|Sir James Dalrympleb||1721b|
|Sir David Dalrymple||1751|
|Miss Christian Dalrymple||1792|
|Sir Charles Dalrymple Fergusson||1839|
|Sir Charles Dalrymple||1849|
|Arthur Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour||1876|
|Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour||1930|
|Robert Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour||1945|
|Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour||1968e|
|S. Malin of Hailes||2008|
a: In 1453, James II, King of Scots, granted the title of Lord Hailes to Sir Patrick Hepburn
c: Possibly held by daughter of Francis Scott: Mary Scott, 3rd Countess of Buccleuch, circa 1651
d: Possibly held by George Melville, 4th Lord and 1st Earl of Melville
e: Held by the estate of Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour, from 2003 to 2008
- Hector Boece, Bellenden's Translation, 1536, Book xvi. 235b.
- National Archives of Scotland Ref. GD26.3.1135