Lordship and Barony of Hailes

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The Lordship and Barony of Hailes is a Scottish feudal lordship (a feudal barony of higher degree).

Hailes is traditionally believed to have been founded by an Englishman, taken prisoner in the reign of David II of Scotland, who was rewarded with the grant of lands in East Lothian for having on rescued the Earl of Dunbar and March from an attacking horse.[1]

Patrick de Dunbar, 9th Earl of March granted the Barony of Hailes to Adam de Hepburn (or Hibburne or Hyburne) in 1343 (thus the Hepburns held Hailes in heritage from the Earl of March, who in turn held it on behalf of the Crown); Hew Gourlay of Beinstoun having earlier foreited the lands. On 20 December 1451, James II, King of Scots, granted Sir Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailes, and his heirs and assignees, the lands of the Lordship of Hailes, including Hailes Castle, and other lands, to be incorporated into the free barony of Hailes. Sir Patrick Hepburn was created a peer of the Parliament of Scotland under the title Lord Hailes in 1453.

The Lordship and Barony of Hailes remained in the Hepburn family until 20 December 1567 when it was forfeited to the Parliament of Scotland by James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. On 1 October 1594, it was granted to Sir Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch, remaining with the Scott family until around the time of the Cromwellian invasion of Scotland in 1650 when it came into the possession of the Earls of Winton. In 1692, the Lordship and Barony of Hailes was disponed by James Melville of Halhill to Sir David Dalrymple, advocate[2] and remained in the Dalrymple family until 1876 when it was transferred to Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour.

The caput baronium (or simply "caput") of the Lordship and Barony of Hailes is Hailes Castle.

Barons of Hailes[edit]

Holders of the barony in heritage from Patrick de Dunbar, 9th Earl of March, who held it on behalf of the Crown:

Barons of Hailes Succeeded
Adam de Hepburn 1343
Patrick Hepburn of Hailes before 1371
Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes after 1402
Sir Patrick Hepburn circa 1446

Lords and Barons of Hailes[edit]

On 20 Dec 1451, James II, King of Scots, granted the Lordship and Barony of Hailes to Sir Patrick Hepburn, thereby converting the Barony that had been held in heritage from the Earl of March into a Lordship and Barony granted by the King.

Lords and Barons of Hailes Succeeded
Patrick Hepburn, 1st Lord Hailesa 20 Dec 1451
Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwellb 1483b
Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwellb 1508b
Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwellb 1513b
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell 1556
Forfeited to Parliament of Scotland 20 Dec 1567
Walter Scott, 1st Lord Scott of Buccleuch 1594
Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuchb 1611b
Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuchb 1633b
Uncertainc Uncertainc
George Seton, 4th Earl of Winton circa 1650
Uncertaind Uncertaind
James Melville of Halhill[3] 1675a
Sir David Dalrymple 1692
Sir James Dalrympleb 1721b
Sir David Dalrymple 1751
Miss Christian Dalrymple 1792
Sir Charles Dalrymple Fergusson 1839
Sir Charles Dalrymple 1849
Arthur Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour 1876
Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour 1930
Robert Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour 1945
Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour 1968e
S. Malin of Hailes 2008

a: In 1453, James II, King of Scots, granted the title of Lord Hailes to Sir Patrick Hepburn

b: Unconfirmed

c: Possibly held by daughter of Francis Scott: Mary Scott, 3rd Countess of Buccleuch, circa 1651

d: Possibly held by George Melville, 4th Lord and 1st Earl of Melville[4]

e: Held by the estate of Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour, from 2003 to 2008

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hector Boece, Bellenden's Translation, 1536, Book xvi. 235b.
  2. ^ National Archives of Scotland Ref. GD26.3.1135
  3. ^ http://www.gordonamacgregor.com/Melville%20of%20Rait.html
  4. ^ http://www.gordonamacgregor.com/Melville%20of%20Rait.html

External links[edit]