"Lorena" is an antebellum song with Northern origins. The lyrics were written in 1856 by Rev. Henry D. L. Webster, after a broken engagement. He wrote a long poem about his fiancée but changed her name to "Lorena," an adaptation of "Lenore" from Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven." Henry Webster's friend Joseph Philbrick Webster wrote the music, and the song was first published in Chicago in 1857. It became a favorite of soldiers of both sides during the American Civil War.
During the American Civil War, soldiers on both sides of the conflict thought of their wives and girlfriends back home when they heard the song "Lorena." One Confederate officer even attributed the South's defeat to the song. He reasoned that upon hearing the mournful ballad the soldiers grew so homesick that they lost their effectiveness as a fighting force.
Her parents being deceased, Miss Blocksom lived with her sister and brother-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Blandy. The family attended the Universalist Church in Zanesville where the Rev. Henry DeLafayette Webster was the minister. Miss Blocksom caught the eye of the young preacher and his feelings became more than just pastoral. Henry Blandy and his brother Fred were co-owners of the Blandy foundry in Zanesville. As a wealthy and prominent member of the community he could not see his sister-in-law becoming romantically attached to a poor preacher and so stepped in to put an end to the relationship. Miss Blocksom told Webster that they must part and gave him a letter containing the line "If we try, we may forget," which found its way into the song. The brokenhearted Mr. Webster resigned his pastorate and left Zanesville. In 1856, Webster met Joseph P. Webster (who later composed the music of "[In the] Sweet By and By"). J. P. Webster was looking for lyrics to a song he was writing and Henry Webster responded by writing a ballad about his lost love, changing her name from Ella to Bertha. The composer required a three-syllable name and Henry Webster changed the name again, this time to Lorena. The song was published in 1857 by Higgins Brothers of Chicago and soon was known across America.
Ella Blocksom is buried at Woodland Cemetery in Ironton, Ohio.
- Oh, the years creep slowly by, Lorena,
- The snow is on the ground again.
- The sun's low down the sky, Lorena,
- The frost gleams where the flow'rs have been.
- But the heart beats on as warmly now,
- As when the summer days were nigh.
- Oh, the sun can never dip so low
- A-down affection's cloudless sky.
- A hundred months have passed, Lorena,
- Since last I held that hand in mine,
- And felt the pulse beat fast, Lorena,
- Though mine beat faster far than thine.
- A hundred months, 'twas flowery May,
- When up the hilly slope we climbed,
- To watch the dying of the day,
- And hear the distant church bells chime.
- We loved each other then, Lorena,
- Far more than we ever dared to tell;
- And what we might have been, Lorena,
- Had but our loving prospered well --
- But then, 'tis past, the years are gone,
- I'll not call up their shadowy forms;
- I'll say to them, "Lost years, sleep on!
- Sleep on! nor heed life's pelting storms."
- The story of that past, Lorena,
- Alas! I care not to repeat,
- The hopes that could not last, Lorena,
- They lived, but only lived to cheat.
- I would not cause e'en one regret
- To rankle in your bosom now;
- For "if we try we may forget,"
- Were words of thine long years ago.
- Yes, these were words of thine, Lorena,
- They burn within my memory yet;
- They touched some tender chords, Lorena,
- Which thrill and tremble with regret.
- 'Twas not thy woman's heart that spoke;
- Thy heart was always true to me:
- A duty, stern and pressing, broke
- The tie which linked my soul with thee.
- It matters little now, Lorena,
- The past is in the eternal past;
- Our heads will soon lie low, Lorena,
- Life's tide is ebbing out so fast.
- There is a Future! O, thank God!
- Of life this is so small a part!
- 'Tis dust to dust beneath the sod;
- But there, up there, 'tis heart to heart.
Use and adaptations
Use in John Ford Films
Gone With The Wind
An instrumental version appears in Gone With The Wind when Scarlett O'Hara is manning the stall at the charity dance in her mourning outfit and Rhett Butler pursues her whilst she is trying to avoid him.
When the two marry, they name their daughter Ella Lorena after the song and fashion.
The main character, Fiona, goes camping with her family and learns that the woods are supposedly haunted by the ghost of a Civil War soldier who whistles 'Lorena'. It turns out that a Civil War soldier had been injured in the woods long ago and was befriended by a sasquatch, whom the soldier taught to whistle the tune 'Lorena'. While the soldier ultimately dies from his injury, the sasquatch survives into present-day and is revealed to be the one who is whistling the tune in the woods at night. When he hears Fiona whistling the tune many years later, hoping to find the imaginary ghost, the sasquatch decides that there is a connection to his old friend and reveals himself to Fiona so that she can return the lost soldier's heirlooms to his family.
Cowboys & Aliens
The tune of this song is used in the saloon scene near the beginning of Cowboys & Aliens, played on fiddle. The saloon keeper tells the fiddler that it is too melancholy and asks him to play a different tune. Near the end of the movie, the piano player plays an upbeat version of the tune, and the crowd celebrates their victory over the aliens by dancing to it.
Ken Burns: Civil War
A variation of this song is played during a brief scene in episode seven, "Most Hallowed Ground (1864)", of the Ken Burn's documentary, Civil War, in which a Georgia sharpshooter is said to have played his cornet during lulls in battle.
"Ashes on the Sea"
American activisit, songwriter, and folksinger, U. Utah Phillips, employed the melody of "Lorena" for his "Ashes on the Sea", an homily to his discovering of the death of Woody Guthrie. <Starlight on the Rails (book) by Utah Phillips, annotation herein by Deborah Robins>
- The American Bicentennial Songbook, Vol. 1 (1770-1870s) William A. Ward, New York, NY, 1975, p. 202.
- Zanesville Times Recorder, May 12, 2007, Zanesville, Ohio. Copyright ©2007 Times Recorder. All rights reserved.
- "Lorena" at Lawrence County, Ohio Genealogy and Historical website
- The short film A NATION SINGS (1963) is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]
- The sheet music