Lorenzo Bandini

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Lorenzo Bandini
Bandini1966cropped.jpg
Born (1935-12-21)21 December 1935
Marj, Libya
Died 10 May 1967(1967-05-10) (aged 31)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality Italy Italian
Active years 19611967
Teams Scuderia Centro Sud,
Scuderia Ferrari
Races 42
Championships 0
Wins 1
Podiums 8
Career points 58
Pole positions 1
Fastest laps 2
First race 1961 Belgian Grand Prix
First win 1964 Austrian Grand Prix
Last win 1964 Austrian Grand Prix
Last race 1967 Monaco Grand Prix
Bandini at 1965 1000km Nürburgring with Ferrari Dino

Lorenzo Bandini (21 December 1935 – 10 May 1967) was an Italian motor racing driver who raced in Formula One for the Scuderia Centro Sud and Ferrari teams.

Career[edit]

Bandini was born in Barce,[1] Cyrenaica,[2] Libya, then an Italian colony. The family returned to Italy in 1939 and resided near Florence, Italy. When he was 15 his father died. Bandini left home and found a job as an apprentice mechanic in the Freddi workshop in Milan.[2]

He made his way into auto racing from competing on motorcycles.[3] He started racing cars in 1957 in a borrowed Fiat 1100. The wealthy and kindhearted Freddi moulded Bandini's career and assisted him from the start of it.[2]

He achieved a first class victory at the Mille Miglia, in a Lancia Appia Zagato, in 1958, and a class win the same year in the 500cc Berkeley in the 12-hour race at Monza. He then raced in Formula Junior until 1961. Bandini purchased a Volpini Formula Junior car and placed third in his first race in Sicily. In 1959 and 1960 he drove a Formula Junior Stanguellini. In 1960 he placed fourth in the Formula Junior World Championship.

In 1961 Bandini became disappointed when Giancarlo Baghetti, also of Italy, was selected to drive a sponsored Ferrari by the association of Italian motor clubs FISA. However he had the attention of Mimo Dei, the team patron of Scuderia Centro Sud. He was invited to join the Scuderia Centro Sud in Formula One. At a non-championship race, he finished third at Pau. Bandini drove his first world championship race at Spa later in 1961. He retired with engine failure. During the winter of 1961-1962 he drove in the Tasman races in Australia and New Zealand.[2]

The Maranello based Ferrari team's success had declined after the triumphs of Phil Hill and Wolfgang Von Trips in the new rear-engined cars. Hill won the Formula One World Championship in 1961.[2] After Bandini was hired by Ferrari for the 1962 and 1963 seasons, he did fairly well. His debut in a works Ferrari was good one at the Monaco Grand Prix. He placed third.

For 1963 Bandini was retained by Ferrari for sports car races only. Dei once again assisted him by purchasing for him a BRM discarded by Graham Hill. Bandini campaigned the BRM in Scuderia Centro Sud colors.[2]

Bandini, along with Ludovico Scarfiotti, won the Le Mans 24 Hours race for Ferrari in 1963. He again became the number one driver for Ferrari, replacing John Surtees who left in mid-season of 1966. He was unlucky not to win the French and U.S. Grands Prix that year which he dominated before mechanical problems intervened while he was holding a huge lead. Bandini's best finish was a second place at the Monaco Grand Prix in a 2.4 liter V-6 Ferrari behind Jackie Stewart's BRM.

In 1964 Bandini won the first Austrian Grand Prix at the Zeltweg circuit, his only GP win. He also achieved victories for Ferrari in sportscar racing, notably the previously mentioned 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1963 (and placed second in the Targa Florio that year), the Targa Florio in 1965, and the 24 Hours of Daytona in 1967 and the 1,000 km of Monza, both with Chris Amon.

Bandini was married to Margherita Freddi in 1963 and managed a garage owned by his wife's parents in Milan. He resided in Maranello, near the Ferrari headquarters.[4]

During the making of the movie "Grand Prix" directed by John Frankenheimer, Bandini recommended the location at the harbour chicane for a crash scene in the movie filmed at the Monte Carlo circuit. According to actress Eva Marie Saint in "The Making of Grand Prix", this location was ironically the site of his own death in the race one year later.

Accident and death[edit]

In May 1967 Bandini was racing at the Monaco Grand Prix, running second to Denny Hulme on the 82nd lap, when he lost control of his car at the harbour chicane. He had just entered an S-turn when his Ferrari's left rear wheel hit the guard rail, sending him into an erratic skid. It impacted a light pole and overturned.[5] The car hit straw bales which lined the harbour side, rupturing the fuel tank, and sparks ignited the fuel as the car rolled over, with Bandini trapped beneath it. Marshals flipped his car upright and pulled Bandini, unconscious, out from the flaming Ferrari. It is thought that, during the effort to right the overturned car, gasoline leaked on the hot brake line or the exhaust pipe and exploded. A second fire occurred when the gas tank exploded after Bandini had been pulled away from the Ferrari.[1]

Bandini's burns were extensive, with third degree burns covering more than 70% of his body. The worst burns were on his arms and legs with slight burns on his face. After a delay Bandini was moved to a hospital in Lyon, France, which specialized in the treatment of burns. Other options considered by the doctors were flying in skin grafts from Italy [1] or a specialist burns unit team from East Grinstead in England. The burns caused severe lesions. He also sustained a chest wound and ten chest fractures.[5]

Three days later, Bandini succumbed to his injuries. He died at Princess Grace Polyclinic Hospital in Monte Carlo. There were concerns about the promptness of Bandini's rescue. However, investigators from the Principality of Monaco ruled on 10 May "that the security operation had functioned properly."[3] The straw bales, having been banned from all Formula 1 races in response to the accident, were replaced by an extended guard-rail the following year.[6]

Bandini's funeral was held in Reggiolo on 13 May.[7] 100,000 people attended the funeral.[8] He was later buried in the Lambrate cemetery, in Milan.[9][10]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Points
1961 Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper T53 Maserati
Straight-4
MON
NED
BEL
Ret
FRA
GBR
12
GER
Ret
ITA
8
USA
NC 0
1962 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 NED
MON
3
BEL
FRA
GBR
GER
Ret
ITA
8
USA
RSA
12th 4
1963 Scuderia Centro Sud BRM P57 BRM V8 MON
BEL
NED
FRA
10
GBR
5
GER
Ret
10th 6
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 ITA
Ret
USA
5
MEX
Ret
RSA
5
1964 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 MON
10
GBR
5
GER
3
AUT
1
4th 23
Ferrari 158 Ferrari V8 NED
Ret
BEL
Ret
FRA
9
ITA
3
North American Racing Team Ferrari 1512 Ferrari Flat-12 USA
Ret
MEX
3
1965 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 1512 Ferrari Flat-12 RSA
15
MON
2
BEL
9
FRA
8
ITA
4
USA
4
MEX
8
6th 13
Ferrari 158 Ferrari V8 GBR
Ret
NED
9
GER
6
1966 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246 Ferrari V6 MON
2
BEL
3
9th 12
Ferrari 312/66 Ferrari V12 FRA
NC
GBR
NED
6
GER
6
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
1967 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312/67 Ferrari V12 RSA
MON
Ret
NED
BEL
FRA
GBR
GER
CAN
ITA
USA
MEX
NC 0

Non-Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1961 Scuderia Centro Sud Cooper T53 Maserati
Straight-4
LOM GLV PAU
3
BRX VIE AIN
SYR
7
NAP
3
LON SIL
SOL
KAN DAN MOD
Ret
FLG
11
OUL
LEW VAL RAN NAT RSA
1962 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 CAP BRX LOM LAV GLV PAU
5
AIN INT NAP
2
MAL CLP RMS SOL
KAN MED
1
DAN OUL MEX
RAN NAT
1963 Scuderia Centro Sud BRM P57 BRM V8 LOM GLV PAU IMO
Ret
SYR AIN INT
DSQ
ROM SOL
4
KAN
MED
3
AUT OUL
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 RAN
2
1964 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 156 Ferrari V6 DMT NWT SYR
2
AIN
INT
WD
SOL
Ret
MED RAN
1965 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 1512 Ferrari Flat-12 ROC
WD
SYR
3
SMT
INT
7
MED RAN
1966 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 246 Ferrari V6 RSA
SYR
2
INT
OUL
1967 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312/67 Ferrari V12 ROC
2
SPC INT
SYR
OUL ESP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hulme Takes Monaco Race; Bandini Seriously Hurt, New York Times, May 8, 1967, Page 59
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lorenzo Bandini, The Times, May 11, 1967, Page 12.
  3. ^ a b Italy's Bandini Dies Of Monte Carlo Burns, Stars and Stripes, May 11, 1967, Page 20.
  4. ^ Bandini Dies of Race Injuries, New York Times, May 11, 1967, Page 62.
  5. ^ a b "Hulme Wins Monte Carlo; Bandini Hurt", Sheboygan Press, May 8, 1967, Page 13.
  6. ^ Stanley, Louis.T (1969). Grand Prix 10. London: W H Allen Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0-491-00272-6. 
  7. ^ "Mass Held For Bandini", New York Times, May 12, 1967, Page 56.
  8. ^ "100,000 at Bandini Rites", New York Times, May 14, 1967, Page S4.
  9. ^ "Lorenzo Bandini (1935–1967)". Find A Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2012-12-03. 
  10. ^ Photos of Bandini's tombstone. Accessed 2012-12-03.

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Olivier Gendebien
Phil Hill
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1963 with:
Ludovico Scarfiotti
Succeeded by
Jean Guichet
Nino Vaccarella
Preceded by
John Taylor
Formula One fatal accidents
10 May 1967
Succeeded by
Bob Anderson