Lorenzo Pareto

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Lorenzo Nicolò Pareto (Genoa, December 6, 1800 – Genoa, June 19, 1865) was an Italian geologist and statesman.

As a man of science, he is considered one of the fathers of modern geology. A member of the Italian National Academy of Sciences, he is credited with naming the Villafranchian age,[1] a European land mammal age between 3 and 2 million years ago overlapping the end of the Pliocene era and beginning of the Pleistocene era.[2]

As a politician, he is remembered as a member of Giovine Italia and a patriot during the period of Italian unification. He was the President of the Chamber of Deputies of the 2nd and 3rd legislatures of Kingdom of Sardinia,[3] and served as foreign minister in the cabinet of Italian writer and statesman Cesare Balbo, first constitutional prime minister of Piedmont.[4][5]


  1. ^ Xiaoming Wang, Lawrence J. Flynn, Mikael Fortelius. Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology. Columbia University Press, 2013. ISBN 0231520824. 
  2. ^ "Overview: Villafranchian". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Il Presidente Lorenzo Pareto". Camera.it. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Raffaele Romanelli. Storia dello Stato italiano dall'Unità a oggi. Donzelli Editore, 1995. ISBN 8879896245. 
  5. ^ Goffredo Mameli. Fratelli d'Italia. Feltrinelli Editore, 2010. ISBN 8807943905.