Loretta A. Preska
Loretta A. Preska (born January 7, 1949 in Albany, New York) is Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and a former nominee to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Judge Preska was nominated by President George H. W. Bush on March 31, 1992, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Robert Joseph Ward. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 11, 1992, and received her commission on August 12.
Consideration for higher courts 
On September 9, 2008, Judge Preska was nominated by President George W. Bush to be a United States Circuit Judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Since Preska was nominated after July 1, 2008, the unofficial start date of the Thurmond Rule during a presidential election year, no hearings were scheduled on her nomination, and the nomination was returned to Bush at the end of his term.
Notable cases 
- Bloomberg L.P. v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System - In 2009 Preska presided over this suit sought under the Freedom of Information Act to require the Fed to divulge the names of private financial institutions that received $1.2 trillion in public bailout money, along with the types and amounts of collateral provided. On August 24, 2009, Preska ruled against the Federal Reserve's attempts to block the release of the recipient names.
- Somali pirate Abduwali Abdukhadir Muse - arraigned before Judge Preska in 2009, who later in 2011 sentenced him to 33 years in prison.
- Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani - On June 9, 2009, Judge Preska heard the plea of the first detainee brought from Guantanamo Bay Military Prison to stand trial in a U.S. civilian court. President Barack Obama ordered the civilian trial as part of his election promise to close the prison known for torture and indefinite detention. Standing in the New York City courtroom of Judge Loretta Preska he pleaded not guilty to federal conspiracy charges. The case was moved to Federal court after the military charges were dropped. According to the New York Times report of the case the military had charged that from 2001 until 2004 he worked as a document forger for Al Qaeda, preparing passports, travel and identification documents for operatives to use in carrying out terrorist acts. Other military charges that had been made in the Guantanamo detainee case were that he received weapons and explosives training at Osama's training camp in Afghanistan in late 1998 and years later worked as a bodyguard and cook for Osama bin Laden.
- Susan Lindauer - The first non-Muslim to be charged and held under the Patriot Act who wrote of the ordeal in her book Extreme Prejudice: The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover Ups of 9/11 and Iraq. According to the New York Times report of September 16, 2008 - Judge Preska ruled Ms. Lindauer was “highly intelligent” and “generally capable of functioning at a high level in many ways,” she also was suffering from a mental disease or defect. As a result, the judge said, Ms. Lindauer was “unable to understand the nature and consequences of the proceedings against her or to assist properly in her defense.” Former CIA asset and 911 whistleblower held under the Patriot Act and released without charges days before President Obama took office. Ms. Lindauer is the author of a book describing the ordeal Extreme Prejudice: The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover Ups of 9/11 and Iraq 
- Hector Xavier Monsegur - March 9, 2012 Judge Preska presided over the case of the hactivist who participated in activities with some members of the online group Anonymous. It was made public on March 9 that Monsegur known online as Sabu was cooperating with the FBI in exchange for dismissal of other charges against him, including attempted drug-dealing for five pounds of marijuana and illegal gun possession, receiving stolen property, hacking an online casino and $15,000 of fraudulent credit card charges, according to a plea deal, reported by Bloomberg News. The agreement, which was made public stated that Federal charges against the 28 year old would be dropped. According to FBI documents his role as Sabu was key to charging hactivist Jeremy Hammond.
- Jeremy Hammond - the activist accused of gaining unauthorized access to Stratfor's computer systems, was denied bail by Preska; who warned that he could face life imprisonment.
See also 
- Jan Crawford Greenburg, EXCLUSIVE: Women, Minorities Top Bush's Supreme Court Short List, ABC News, June 1, 2007
- Bloomberg L.P. v. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
- Bloomberg report on pirate hearing
- Reuters report on the hearing
- "Anonymous hacker behind Stratfor attack faces life in prison", 23 November 2012, RT.com
- "Chicago man denied bail before NYC hacking trial", November 21, 2012, Chicago Tribune
- "The Other Bradley Manning: Jeremy Hammond Faces Life Term For WikiLeaks and Hacked Stratfor Emails", December 27, 2012, Democracy Now!
- Loretta Preska Weds a Fellow Lawyer, September 12, 1983
- Loretta A. Preska at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.