Loretta Lynch

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Loretta Lynch
Loretta Lynch.jpg
83rd United States Attorney General
Incumbent
Assumed office
April 27, 2015
President Barack Obama
Deputy Sally Yates (Acting)
Preceded by Eric Holder
United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York
In office
May 8, 2010 – April 27, 2015
Appointed by Barack Obama
Preceded by Benton Campbell
Succeeded by Kelly T. Currie (Acting)
In office
June 2, 1999 – May 2, 2001
Appointed by Bill Clinton
Preceded by Zachary Carter
Succeeded by Roslynn Mauskopf
Personal details
Born Loretta Elizabeth Lynch
(1959-05-21) May 21, 1959 (age 55)
Greensboro, North Carolina, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Stephen Hargrove
Alma mater Harvard University

Loretta Elizabeth Lynch[1] (born May 21, 1959) is the 83rd and current Attorney General of the United States, having recently served as United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York. Her tenure as U.S. Attorney began in 2010, and she previously held the position from 1999 to 2001. As U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, Lynch oversaw federal prosecutions in Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island and Long Island.

On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated her to succeed Eric Holder as Attorney General.[2] On February 26, 2015, the Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate confirmed her appointment by a 12–8 vote, with all Democrats of the committee and three Republicans in favor. On April 23, 2015, Lynch was confirmed by the Senate by a 56-43 vote, making her the first African-American woman and the second woman to be confirmed for the position. She was sworn in as Attorney General on April 27, 2015 by Vice President Joe Biden.

Early life and education[edit]

Lynch was born on May 21, 1959 in Greensboro, North Carolina. Growing up, her mother was a school librarian and her father was a Baptist minister.[3][4][5] As a child, she spent hours with her father, watching court proceedings in the courthouse of Durham, North Carolina. Her early interest in court proceedings was compounded by stories of her grandfather, a sharecropper and pastor, who in the 1930s helped people move to the north to escape prosecutions under the racist Jim Crow laws of the time.[6][3] Lynch earned a Bachelor of Arts in English and American literature from Harvard College in 1981 and a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School in 1984.[7][8] She is a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., a chartering member of the Xi Tau chapter of the sorority while at Harvard.[9][10]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Lynch's first legal job was as a litigation associate for Cahill Gordon & Reindel. She joined the Eastern District as a drug and violent-crime prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney's office in 1990. From 1994 to 1998, she served as the chief of the Long Island office and worked on several political corruption cases involving the government of Brookhaven, New York. From 1998 to 1999, she was the chief assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District and headed the Brooklyn office.

In 1999, she was nominated by President Bill Clinton to serve as the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York.[11] During her term as U.S. Attorney, Lynch oversaw prosecution of New York City police officers in the Abner Louima case.

In 2001, Lynch left the U.S. Attorney's office to become a partner at Hogan & Hartson (later Hogan Lovells). She remained there until January 20, 2010, when President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to again serve as United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York.[8][12] From 2003 to 2005, she was a member of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.[13]

Following the July 2014 death of Eric Garner, an unarmed man who died after being held in a department-prohibited chokehold by a New York City police officer, Lynch agreed to meet with Garner's family to discuss possible federal prosecution of the officer believed to be responsible in his death.[14][15]

Lynch's office prosecuted Republican congressman Michael Grimm; prosecuted Democratic politicians Pedro Espada Jr. and William Boyland, Jr.; investigated Citigroup over mortgage securities sold by the bank, resulting in a US$7 billion settlement; and was involved in the US$1.2 billion settlement with HSBC over violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.[3][16][17]

Attorney General of the United States[edit]

Nomination[edit]

On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch for the position of U.S. Attorney General, to succeed Eric Holder, who had previously announced his resignation, pending confirmation of his replacement. She was confirmed by the Senate Judiciary Committee on February 26, 2015, and approved by the Senate in a 56 Yea and 43 Nay vote on April 23,[18] thereby becoming the first African-American woman; the second African American, after Holder; and the second woman, after Janet Reno; to hold this office.[2][19]

Eight Republicans on the Senate Judiciary Committee, including the chairman, Chuck Grassley, had opposed Lynch’s confirmation after what Democrats criticized as a record-long delay. Grassley defended delays in holding the vote, saying it was important to gather more information on Lynch’s role in settling an $1.9 billion money-laundering deal with HSBC when she served as US attorney in New York. Republican Senator David Vitter criticized recent admissions by Lynch that she had failed to find out about separate documents revealing HSBC's role in helping clients hide money offshore before agreeing not to prosecute the bank.[20] On April 23, 2015, cloture was invoked on her nomination by a vote of 66 to 34.[21] Her appointment was confirmed the same day by a 56 to 43 vote.[18][22][23] Her nomination process was one of the longest in the history of the United States, taking 166 days after she was first nominated for the post.[24]

Personal[edit]

Lynch and her husband, Stephen Hargrove, married in 2007. In her personal life she uses her married name, Loretta Lynch Hargrove. Her husband has two children from a previous marriage.[3][25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Attorneys At The Succeeding In Spite Of Top Dismal Diversity Trends". tnj.com. 
  2. ^ a b "Loretta Lynch, Federal Prosecutor, Will Be Nominated for Attorney General". New York Times. November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Clifford, Stephanie (November 8, 2014). "Loretta Lynch, a Nominee for Attorney General, Is Praised for Substance, Not Flash". New York Times. 
  4. ^ "Obama to tap Loretta Lynch for AG", AP/New York Post, November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  5. ^ Joseph P. Fried (July 14, 1999). "Schumer Urges Carter's Aide For U.S. Post". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ "Attorneys at the top succeeding in spite of dismal diversity trends", The Network Journal, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  7. ^ "Biographical Information for Loretta Lynch", AP/ABC News. November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  8. ^ a b The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (January 20, 2010). "President Obama Nominates Five to Serve as U.S. Attorneys". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ Rhodan, Maya (15 January 2015). "Loretta Lynch’s Sorority Sisters Came to Her Attorney General Confirmation Hearing". Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Xi Tau History". Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  11. ^ Woodrow, Stephanie (February 12, 2010). "Meet Loretta E. Lynch". Main Justice. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  12. ^ Sulzberger, A. G. (January 20, 2010). "Obama Picks Loretta E. Lynch for Brooklyn U.S. Attorney". New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ Loretta E. Lynch, NNDB, 2014.
  14. ^ Genevieve Belmaker, "Calls for Calm Ahead of Staten Island Rally in NYC", Faith in New York, August 21, 2014.
  15. ^ Tom Hays, "Family of man killed by NYPD chokehold talks to feds", Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 22, 2014.
  16. ^ Aruna Viswanatha and Julia Edwards. "Brooklyn Prosecutor Loretta Lynch Emerges As A Top Candidate For Attorney General". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  17. ^ "United States of American vs HSBC Bank USA, N.A. and HSBC Holdings Pl. Memorandum and Order July 1, 2013". Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  18. ^ a b Athena Jones, "Loretta Lynch makes history", CNN, April 23, 2015.
  19. ^ "Obama picks NY prosecutor Lynch to be next attorney general", Yahoo! News, November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  20. ^ Dan Roberts, "Loretta Lynch's nomination for attorney general approved despite HSBC scandal", The Guardian, February 26, 2015.
  21. ^ "U.S. Senate: Roll Call Vote". senate.gov. January 27, 2015. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Senate: Roll Call Vote". senate.gov. January 27, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Loretta Lynch confirmed by Senate as attorney general".
  24. ^ "Senate Confirms Loretta Lynch as Attorney General 166 Days After Nomination". ABC news. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  25. ^ "Obama To Nominate Loretta Lynch As U.S. Attorney General", AP/Huffington Post, November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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