Loretto, Pennsylvania

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Loretto, Pennsylvania
Borough
The main house, cascades, and gardens of "Immergrün", Charles M. Schwab's retreat in Loretto
The main house, cascades, and gardens of "Immergrün", Charles M. Schwab's retreat in Loretto
Loretto, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Loretto, Pennsylvania
Loretto, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°30′23″N 78°38′10″W / 40.50639°N 78.63611°W / 40.50639; -78.63611Coordinates: 40°30′23″N 78°38′10″W / 40.50639°N 78.63611°W / 40.50639; -78.63611
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Cambria
Settled 1788
Incorporated 1845
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 1.0 sq mi (3 km2)
Elevation 1,929 ft (588 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,302
 • Density 1,277.1/sq mi (493.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15940
Area code(s) 814

Loretto is a borough in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is officially part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area as recognized by the US Census Bureau, but local sources list it as part of the Altoona, Pennsylvania area due to its proximity to Altoona and usage of Altoona over Johnstown for local services.

Geography[edit]

Loretto is located at 40°30′23″N 78°38′10″W / 40.50639°N 78.63611°W / 40.50639; -78.63611 (40.506355, -78.636066)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land.

Loretto is home to Saint Francis University, an institute of higher learning with an enrollment of 2,210.[2]

History[edit]

Loretto was founded in 1799 by Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin as the first English-speaking Roman Catholic settlement west of the Allegheny Front. He named it after the town of Loreto, Italy, site of a Catholic place of pilgrimage. Loretto was built adjoining the original settlement founded by Captain Michael McGuire, a Revolutionary War veteran, in 1788.[3] In his will, Captain McGuire donated land to the Catholic Church on which Prince Gallitzin built St. Michael's Church in 1799.

Federal Correctional Institution, Loretto is a U.S. federal prison located near Loretto, on the site of a former Catholic seminary.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 193
1860 256 32.6%
1870 280 9.4%
1880 280 0.0%
1890 236 −15.7%
1900 240 1.7%
1910 246 2.5%
1920 422 71.5%
1930 352 −16.6%
1940 504 43.2%
1950 863 71.2%
1960 1,338 55.0%
1970 1,661 24.1%
1980 1,395 −16.0%
1990 1,072 −23.2%
2000 1,190 11.0%
2010 1,302 9.4%
Est. 2012 1,367 5.0%
Sources:[4][5][6]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,190 people, 133 households, and 82 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,167.3 people per square mile (450.5/km²). There were 153 housing units at an average density of 150.1 per square mile (57.9/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.39% White, 2.52% African American, 0.50% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.

There were 133 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the borough the population was spread out with 5.5% under the age of 18, 71.6% from 18 to 24, 8.7% from 25 to 44, 7.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 70.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,357, and the median income for a family was $40,750. Males had a median income of $30,417 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $7,125. About 2.7% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ About Saint Francis University
  3. ^ Adams, Edmund (1989). Catholic Trails West: Founding Catholic Families of Pennsylvania, volume 2. Baltimore: Gateway Press. p. 354. ISBN 0806312122. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]