Lorino, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

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For other uses, see Lorino.
Lorino (English)
Лорино (Russian)
Льурэн (Chukchi)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Typical Family Home, Lorino.jpg
A typical family home in Lorino
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Lorino is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Lorino
Lorino
Location of Lorino in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 65°30′N 171°43′W / 65.500°N 171.717°W / 65.500; -171.717Coordinates: 65°30′N 171°43′W / 65.500°N 171.717°W / 65.500; -171.717
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Chukotsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Municipal district Chukotsky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Lorino Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Lorino Rural Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 1,267 inhabitants[3][4]
Population (January 2014 est.) 1,160 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 689315
Dialing code(s) +7 42736[8]
Lorino on WikiCommons

Lorino (Russian: Лорино; Chukchi: Гачгатагын, lit. found camp[9]) is a rural locality (a selo) in Chukotsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia.[1] It is located on the boundary of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea. Population: 1,267 (2010 Census);[3] [4] Municipally, Lorino is subordinated to Chukotsky Municipal District and incorporated as Lorino Rural Settlement.[2]

Geography[edit]

Lorino is the largest indigenous village in the whole autonomous okrug and larger even than Lavrentiya, the administrative centre of the district, which is found to the north-west of Lorino. The village is located on the shores of the Bering Sea, on the Mechigmen spit. it is 40.5 km to the district centre.[10] In the vicinity of the village located Lorinski (Kukunyskie) hot springs.[10]

History[edit]

The name "Lorino" comes from the Chukchi "льурэн" (lyuren), meaning "found camp".[9][11] The first mention of Lorino comes from the 18th century,[12] with the modern Chukchi village located on the site of the former Eskimo settlement of Nukak [6].[13] The main occupation of the inhabitants is sea mammal hunting, reindeer herding and fishing and the village is the base for the municipal agricultural enterprise "Keper" ([[[Russian language|Russian]]: Кэпэр).[13] A fox farm was established in the village in 1955 and a processing factory for seafood and meat canning was opened in 2009.[14]

Culture[edit]

The area around the village was used as the setting for the film The Chief of Chukotka.[15] The Lorino hot springs are located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from the village.[15]

The village has a high school, a daycare center, a boarding school, a cultural center, a food store, a hospital, a post-office, and a breeding farm with more than 300 Arctic foxes.[15] The Lorino Dawns native ensemble under the guidance of N. Ginuntegin is based in the village.[15]

Demographics[edit]

The population as of the official 2010 census results was 1267,[3] of whom 628 were male and 639 female.[4] this is a reduction on a 2003 estimate by Red Cross Chukotka as 1,419,[15] of which 1,288 were indigenous peoples.[15]

Transport[edit]

The village of Lorino is linked to Lavrentiya by a 40 kilometers (25 mi) unpaved road. Other than this short road, Lavrentiya, despite being the administrative centre of the district is not linked to any other part of the world by road. There is however, a small number of roads within the settlement including:[16]

  • Улицa Гагарина (Ulitsa Gagarina, lit. Gagarin Street)
  • Улицa Енок (Ulitsa Yenok)
  • Улицa Ленина (Ulitsa Lenina, lit. Lenin Street)
  • Улицa Челюскинцев (Ulitsa Chelyuskintsev, lit Chelyuskin Street)
  • Улицa Чукотская (Ulitsa Chukotskaya, lit. Chukotka Street)

Climate[edit]

Lorino has a Tundra climate (ET)[17] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Lorino
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
3.9
(39)
6.4
(43.5)
10.5
(50.9)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
22
(72)
16.3
(61.3)
12
(54)
8.7
(47.7)
10
(50)
22.7
(72.9)
Average high °C (°F) −17.9
(−0.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−15.8
(3.6)
−9.1
(15.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.6
(42.1)
10
(50)
9.2
(48.6)
5.4
(41.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−13.9
(7)
−4
(25)
Average low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−22.8
(−9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−15.2
(4.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
1
(34)
4.8
(40.6)
4.8
(40.6)
2.2
(36)
−3
(27)
−9.8
(14.4)
−19
(−2)
−9
(16)
Record low °C (°F) −44.1
(−47.4)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−41.4
(−42.5)
−31.1
(−24)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
−6.1
(21)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−44.1
(−47.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
20
(0.79)
13.8
(0.543)
18.1
(0.713)
18.8
(0.74)
15.1
(0.594)
40.4
(1.591)
46.2
(1.819)
35.9
(1.413)
45.4
(1.787)
28.8
(1.134)
18.4
(0.724)
319.9
(12.594)
Avg. snowy days 14 12 11 15 13 3 0 0 4 17 20 15 124
Source: [18]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #33-OZ, Article 13.2
  2. ^ a b c d Law #47-OZ, Article 3
  3. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c The results of the 2010 Census are given for Lorino Rural Settlement, a municipal formation of Chukotsky Municipal District. According to Law #148-OZ, Lorino is the only inhabited locality on the territory of Lorino Rural Settlement.
  5. ^ Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2014 года (Russian)
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation Chukotsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ a b V.V. Leontev and K.A. Novikova, Топонимический словарь северо-востока СССР (Toponymic Dictionary of the Northeastern USSR) (1989) Magadan. p.329
  10. ^ a b Село Лорино (Lorino Village) Chukotka Electoral Commission Website
  11. ^ Strogoff, p. 114
  12. ^ Традиционный праздник села отметили жители Лорино (Traditional holiday village residents noted Lorino) chukotnews.ru
  13. ^ a b "Beringia Park - Lorino". Ethnic and Natural Park Beringia. Archived from the original on 2011-06-20. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  14. ^ "Поселения Чукотского района (Settlements in Chukotsky District)". Официальный сайт Чукотского муниципального района (Chukotsky District Official Website). Archived from the original on 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f Red Cross of Chukotka. Chukotsky District (Archived)
  16. ^ Lorino - Chukotsky District Pochtovik Mail Delivery Service (Russian)
  17. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.235-7
  18. ^ "Weather Averages for Lorinofrom meoweather.com". meoweather.com. Retrieved October 2, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (Russian)
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №47-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Чукотского района Чукотского автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №31/1 (178/1), 10 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #47-OZ of November 29, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Chukotsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.). (Russian)
  • Strogoff, M, Brochet, P-C and Auzias, D. Petit Futé: Chukotka, "Avant-Garde" Publishing House, 2006.