Loryma was a small fortified town and harbour on the coast of Caria, not far from Cape Cynossema, at the western extremity of the peninsula known as Rhodian Chersonesus, opposite to and twenty Roman miles from Rhodes island.
Above the bay of Loryma (modern Bozuk Bükü) lie the ruins of a curtain wall surrounding the top of the hill. Constructed from large blocks of stone shaped in-situ, the remaining walls (mostly a metre high on the outside) retain very precise corners and sheer faces.
Up to the 12th and 13th centuries, the Notitiæ episcopatuum mention Loryma as one of the suffragan sees of the Stauropolis, the metropolitan see of Caria. Lequien (Oriens christianus, I, 915) names three bishops of Loryma:
- George, present at the Council of Constantinople in 680
- Anthimus at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787
- Joseph at the Council of Constantinople in 879.
- Antonio Laghi, O.F.M. † (1715, appointed - 1727)
- Francesco Saraceni, O.F.M. † (1728, appointed - 1742)
- Jan Krasiński † (1748, appointed - 1760)
- Jan Szemiot † (1760, appointed - 1762)
- Anthony Coyle † (1777, appointed - 1782)
- Jan Nepomucen Kossakowski † (1793, appointed - 1794)
- Georgius Połubiński † (1796, appointed - 1801)
- Luis Gregorio López Castillo † (1815, appointed - 1825)
- Vitaliano Provenzano † (1839, appointed - 1857)
- Valentino Baranowski † (1857, appointed - 1871)
- Stefano Pribék de Ville † (1872, appointed - 1902)
- Francisco García y López † (1903, appointed - 1909)
- George William Mundelein † (1909, appointed - 1915)
- Adolf Józef Jełowicki † (1918, appointed - 1937)
- Eugène Curien † (1937, appointed - 1947)
- Vittorio Longo † (1956, appointed - 1974)
The British traveler and writer Freya Stark visited Loryma and wrote concerning the historical significance of its sheltered harbor:
In the stillness of Loryma we spent the night. The wind could be heard howling outside, against the hills that enclosed our sheltered water as if it were a mountain tarn. Only a fanning ripple touched the centre. The sound of the wind, inarticulate and busy like the world’s voice, gave an illusion of safety, of an unassailable peace. If it could penetrate, how many sleeping echoes would it waken? Athenians from Samos, dodging the Dorian Cnidus, picking up ship’s tackle at Syme, sheltering at Loryma; Conon, before the battle, with his ninety ships; the Roman fleet that dared not face Hannibal in the offing; Cassius, gathering forces against Rhodes, twenty miles away. Each in their turn passed through the narrow opening and felt the sudden calm. In these places, the natural features have remained unaltered; the moments that visit them, fashioned to one pattern by nature itself, drop like beads on a string, through long pauses, one after the other, into the same silence.
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 918
- Sophrone Pétridès, "Loryma" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1910)
- William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854)
- Loryma (Titular See)
- Freya Stark, The Lycian Shore (Tauris Parks Paperbacks 2011 ISBN 978-1-84885312-60), pp. 100-101 ((originally published in 1956)