Los 40 Principales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Los 40 Principales
Los 40 logo
City of license Check local listings
Broadcast area Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Spain
Slogan La radio de los éxitos
¡Toda la actitud! (Mexico)
First air date 1966
Format Top 40 CHR
Language(s) Spanish
Owner Grupo PRISA
Website www.los40.com

Los 40 Principales is a Top 40 CHR musical radio network and radio station brand in many Spanish-speaking countries from Prisa Radio. The station has its origins as a music show at Radio Madrid, today Cadena SER in 1966, where the 40 Principales chart was born, then evolved into a spin-off radio station in 1979. In 2006, the chart celebrated its 40th anniversary. The brand’s network in Spain has more than 4,000,000 listeners alone.

Some stations under this brand name are owned and operated or are licensed by Grupo PRISA to use the brand. Some 40 Principales stations are operated by a local broadcasting company and affiliated with the company that holds a license to use the brand from Grupo PRISA. Each 40 Principales network typically broadcasts its own national feed from its respective country.

Los 40 Principales stations broadcast in:

Most Los 40 Principales networks generally air Spanish-language and English-language contemporary hit music that mostly includes U.S. American, Latin American, Pan-European and British singers and bands. Some stations air more Latin Top 40 music while some more European and English-language music and others more Reggaeton. It has a high-rotation playlist consisting mainly of tracks from its private chart. The main music genres that can be heard are Pop, Pop-rock and some House music.

History[edit]

In 1965, the Ministry of Information and Tourism passed a law forcing the medium wave radio stations to launch FM stations to develop FM in Spain. Due to the high costs of producing new shows, most of the schedule for the new stations was based on music, mainly classic music. In 1966, Cadena SER asked one of its broadcasters, Rafael Revert, to develop a new music show aimed at a younger audience. So he took the idea of the Top 40 and created a chart with the 40 top singles of the week, which would be voted by the audience. So, on July the 18th, 1966, the first show of Los 40 Principales was broadcast on Radio Madrid, marking the debut of the chart list, with Monday Monday by The Mamas & The Papas as the first number 1 on the list.

Soon, the show would be listened in ten radio stations from Cadena SER. At first it was a daily show, showing candidates during the week, and the new list each Saturday. The viewers would phone each stations to vote for their favourite songs. The show was recorded in Madrid, and then the tape was sent to all the stations throughout Spain, and all the stations would broadcast the show simultaneously. The duration of the show was increased during the 70s from the original 1 hour to more than 8 hours by the end of the 70s, until Cadena SER decided to create new 40 Principales stations in 1979 which would be full-time dedicated to the list and its candidates. At first, the 40 Principales stations were still dependent from Cadena SER, becoming an independent network in 1987, though still dependent of Grupo PRISA which owns both Cadena SER and 40 Principales among other networks. In 1985, the 40 Principales main station started broadcasting the chart show live by satellite to all the Spanish stations.

In 1990, the chart show started being broadcast also on TV through Canal+, and in 1998 also in the newly created pay-per-view TV 40 Principales TV channels. The chart show got its nowadays name, Del 40 al 1 (From 40 to 1), in 1995. During the 2000s, 40 Principales was expanded through Latin American opening several stations in Spanish speaking countries with either local media companies operating stations within a country or listening area or Grupo Prisa operating a company within a country.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]