Los Alamos County, New Mexico
|Los Alamos County, New Mexico|
Ashley Pond in Los Alamos
Location in the state of New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Los Alamos|
|• Total||109 sq mi (282 km2)|
|• Land||109 sq mi (282 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.1%|
|• Density||165/sq mi (63.6/km²)|
Los Alamos County (Spanish: The Cottonwoods) is the smallest county, by area, in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,950. The Class H county-municipality was administered exclusively by the U.S. federal government during the Manhattan Project, but now has equal status to New Mexico's other counties. The seat of the county is at the townsite of Los Alamos. The other population center in the county is White Rock. The county is home to the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Los Alamos County has a total area of 109 square miles (283 km²), of which 109 square miles (282 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.1%) is water. It is the smallest county in New Mexico. There is no significant open water in the county. The county's highest point is located along its northern border, near the summit of Caballo Mountain, at 10,480 feet above sea level.
- Rio Arriba County, New Mexico - northeast
- Santa Fe County, New Mexico - east
- Sandoval County, New Mexico - south, west, north (and the Sandoval exclave to the east)
Pueblos with adjacent territories
National protected areas
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 87.8% White
- 0.6% Black
- 0.8% Native American
- 6.0% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 2.6% Two or more races
- 2.2% Other races
- 14.7% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,343 people, 7,497 households, and 5,337 families residing in the county. The population density was 168 people per square mile (65/km²). There were 7,937 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.26% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 3.78% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 2.28% from two or more races. 11.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,497 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 4.40% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $78,993, and the median income for a family was $90,032. Males had a median income of $70,063 versus $40,246 for females. The per capita income for the county was $34,646. 2.90% of the population and 1.90% of families were below the poverty line. 1.80% of those under the age of 18 and 4.70% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The County council was created by the Los Alamos County Charter. The Council consists of seven members elected at large for four-year, staggered terms. Each year the party in control of the council selects the new chair.
|County councilor, Chair||Geoff Rodgers||Republican|
|County councilor, At–large||David Izraelevitz||Democrat|
|County councilor, At–large||Fran Berting||Republican|
|County councilor, At–large||Steven Girrens||Republican|
|County councilor, At–large||Kristin Henderson||Democrat|
|County councilor, At–large||Rick Reiss||Republican|
|County councilor, At–large||Pete Sheehey||Democrat|
|County Assessor||JoAnn Johnson||Republican|
|County Clerk||Sharon Stover||Republican|
|Municipal Judge||Alan S. Kirk||Republican|
Quality of life
In a study conducted by American City Business Journals in 2004, Los Alamos County topped the list as the best place to live in America in terms of quality of life. This was attributed to the high levels of job stability, income and education of Los Alamos residents, many of whom are employed as scientists and engineers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The county has one of the highest number of PhDs per capita and the 2011 median household income of $110,204 per year is the second highest among all the counties in the US. In per capita income, Los Alamos County ranks 1st in New Mexico and 18th in the United States, and has the second-lowest level of poverty in the United States. Other factors contributing to Los Alamos's high quality-of-life index were the access to affordable housing and short commuting times.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties". Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. 2011.
- County website
- Los Alamos County at the Open Directory Project
- MSNBC: Where's the best place to live in America
- Los Alamos Monitor newspaper
- Los Alamos County Councilors
||Sandoval County||Rio Arriba County|
|Sandoval County||Santa Fe County|