Los Ángeles, Bío Bío

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Los Ángeles
City and Commune
Prefectura biobio los Angeles.JPG
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of the Los Ángeles commune in Bío Bío Region
Map of the Los Ángeles commune in Bío Bío Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Los Ángeles
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 37°28′S 72°21′W / 37.467°S 72.350°W / -37.467; -72.350Coordinates: 37°28′S 72°21′W / 37.467°S 72.350°W / -37.467; -72.350
Country Chile
Region Bío Bío
Province Bío Bío
Founded as Villa de Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles
Founded May 26, 1739
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Enrique Krause
Area[3]
 • Total 1,748.2 km2 (675.0 sq mi)
Elevation 139 m (456 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 186,671
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
 • Urban 123,445
 • Rural 43,111
Sex[3]
 • Men 81,863
 • Women 84,693
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 4440000
Area code(s) 56 + 43
Website Official website (Spanish)

Los Ángeles (Spanish pronunciation: [los ˈaŋxeles]) is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Bío Bío, in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 186,671 inhabitants (census 2012). The municipality ("comuna") of Los Ángeles has the highest absolute rural population of any Chilean municipality.

To the north of the city is Salto del Laja (Laja Falls), and roughly 100 kilometers to the east is the 2,979 meter high (9,774 ft) Antuco volcano, in the Andes mountain range. The city is a major gateway for tourists visiting nearby Laguna del Laja National Park, home to the mentioned volcano.

History[edit]

Founded as Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles in 1739 by José Antonio Manso de Velasco, it was originally a Spanish fort as an outpost in the War of Arauco. It received the title of villa in 1748. The city underwent numerous rebuildings, due to the Spanish military campaigns against the native Mapuche in their efforts to colonize the area. Its geographic location, just to the north of the Biobío river (the border established by the Spaniards), made it a strategic location.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Los Ángeles spans an area of 1,748.2 km2 (675 sq mi) and has 166,556 inhabitants (81,863 men and 84,693 women). Of these, 123,445 (74.1%) lived in urban areas and 43,111 (25.9%) in rural areas. The population grew by 18.5% (26,021 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Los Ángeles has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[4]

Climate data for Los Angeles
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
26
(78)
20
(68)
16
(60)
13
(55)
12
(54)
13
(56)
16
(60)
19
(67)
25
(77)
28
(83)
20.5
(68.8)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(51)
9
(49)
7
(45)
6
(43)
4
(40)
3
(38)
4
(39)
4
(40)
6
(42)
8
(46)
10
(50)
6.9
(44.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
15
(0.6)
30
(1)
61
(2.4)
250
(10)
163
(6.4)
163
(6.4)
150
(5.9)
122
(4.8)
38
(1.5)
23
(0.9)
38
(1.5)
1,076
(42.3)
Avg. rainy days 1 1 2 5 10 12 10 9 7 3 1 2 68
 % humidity 59 65 66 74 86 86 85 83 77 71 66 60 73
Source: Weatherbase [5]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Los Ángeles is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Joel Rosales Guzmán (UDI).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Los Ángeles is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Juan Lobos (UDI) and José Pérez (PRSD) as part of the 47th electoral district, (together with Tucapel, Antuco, Quilleco, Santa Bárbara, Quilaco, Mulchén, Negrete, Nacimiento, San Rosendo, Laja and Alto Bío Bío). The commune is represented in the Senate by Victor Pérez Varela (UDI) and Mariano Ruiz -Esquide Jara (PDC) as part of the 13th senatorial constituency (Biobío-Coast).

Popular culture[edit]

The author Roberto Bolaño spent much of his childhood here.[6] The city was referenced in song titled Los Angeles by the American rock musician Frank Black, AKA Black Francis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Los Ángeles" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Los Ángeles, Bío Bío
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, Chile". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  6. ^ Echevarría, ed., 2004, op. cit. «Recuerdos de Los Ángeles», pp. 204-205. [Published originally between September, 2002 and January, 2003 in the column Entre Paréntesis of Las Últimas Noticias.]

External links[edit]