Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
|Archdiocese of Los Angeles
Archidioecesis Angelorum in California
Arquidiócesis de Los Ángeles
|Country||United States of America|
|Territory||Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties|
|Ecclesiastical province||Los Angeles|
|Metropolitan||Los Angeles, California|
|Area||22,685 km2 (8,759 sq mi)|
|(as of 2009)
|Established||1 June 1922
(As Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego)
11 July 1936
(As Archdiocese of Los Angeles)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels|
|Patron saint||Saint Vibiana|
The Archdiocese of Los Angeles (Latin: Archidioecesis Angelorum in California, Spanish: Arquidiócesis de Los Ángeles) is an archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the U.S. state of California. Headquartered in Los Angeles, the archdiocese comprises the California counties of Los Angeles, Santa Barbara and Ventura. The diocesan cathedral is the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, and its present archbishop is José Horacio Gómez. With approximately five million professing members, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles is numerically the single largest diocese in the United States.
The Archbishop of Los Angeles also serves as metropolitan bishop of the suffragan dioceses within the Ecclesiastical Province of Los Angeles, which includes the Dioceses of Fresno, Monterey, Orange, San Bernardino, and San Diego.
Following the establishment of the Spanish missions in California, the Holy See established the Diocese of the Two Californias in 1840, when the Los Angeles region was still part of Mexico. In 1848, present-day California was ceded to the United States, and the U.S. portion of the diocese was renamed the Diocese of Monterey. The diocese was renamed the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles in 1859, and the episcopal see was moved to Los Angeles upon the completion of the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana in 1876. Los Angeles split from Monterey to become the Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego in 1922. The diocese was split again in 1936 to create the Diocese of San Diego, and the Los Angeles see was elevated to an archdiocese. The archdiocese's present territory was established in 1976, when Orange County was split off to establish the Diocese of Orange.
- 1 History
- 2 Archbishop
- 3 Bishops
- 3.1 Ordinaries
- 3.2 Auxiliary bishops
- 3.3 Other bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- 4 Schools
- 5 Events
- 6 Holy Days of Obligation
- 7 Province of Los Angeles
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The Catholic Church presence in present-day southern California dates to the Spanish establishment of missions in what was then known as the Las Californias province of New Spain. From 1769 to 1823, the Franciscan order led by Junípero Serra and later by Fermín de Francisco Lasuén established twenty-one missions between present-day San Diego and Sonoma, six of which were located in the present-day territory of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. In response to the 1781 establishment of the Pueblo de Los Angeles, in 1784 priests from Mission San Gabriel Arcángel set out for the pueblo and established the Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles Asistencia as a sub-mission. The asistencia fell into disrepair after being abandoned several years later, and La Iglesia de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles was built on the site in 1814; the church remained the only Catholic church in Los Angeles for many years.
Las Californias was split into two provinces in 1804, and the area comprising present-day California became part of Alta California. In 1840, the Holy See erected the Diocese of the Two Californias to recognize the growth of the provinces of Alta California and Baja California. The diocese was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Mexico with its episcopal see located in Monterey, and included all Mexican territory west of the Colorado River and the Gulf of California (the modern U.S. states of California and Nevada, and parts of Utah, Arizona, and Colorado, and the Mexican states of Baja California and Baja California Sur).
In 1848 Alta California was ceded to the United States after the Mexican-American War, and the Mexican government objected to an American bishop having jurisdiction over parishes in Mexican Baja California. The Holy See split the diocese into American and Mexican sections, and the American section was renamed the Diocese of Monterey. Another large split occurred in 1853, when much of present-day northern California, as well as present-day Nevada and Utah, formed the Archdiocese of San Francisco; Monterey became a suffragan of the new archdiocese. In 1859 the diocese became known as the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles to recognize the growth of the city of Los Angeles; the see was transferred to Los Angeles and the new Cathedral of Saint Vibiana in 1876.
On June 1, 1922 the diocese split again, this time into the Dioceses of Monterey-Fresno and Los Angeles-San Diego; Bishop John Joseph Cantwell, who had previously been Bishop of Monterey-Los Angeles, became bishop of the Los Angeles-San Diego diocese, which comprised the counties of Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura. On July 11, 1936 the diocese was elevated to become the Archdiocese of Los Angeles with John Joseph Cantwell as its first archbishop; concurrently, Imperial, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties were split to form the suffragan Diocese of San Diego, and the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno was transferred to become a suffragan of the new archdiocese. On March 24, 1976 Orange County was split to form the Diocese of Orange, establishing the archdiocese's present-day territory consisting of Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties.
In addition to the dioceses of Monterey, Orange, and San Diego, the archdiocese's present-day suffragan dioceses are Fresno (split from the Diocese of Monterey in 1967) and San Bernardino (split from the Diocese of San Diego in 1978).
In 1986, Archbishop Roger Mahony subdivided the Archdiocese of Los Angeles into five administrative pastoral regions. Each region is geographical, and is headed by an auxiliary bishop who functions as the region's episcopal vicar. The five regions are:
- Our Lady of the Angels, covering downtown and central Los Angeles west to Malibu, south to Los Angeles International Airport. The region has 78 parishes, 11 Catholic high schools, 5 Catholic hospitals, and 5 missions. The regional bishop is Edward William Clark.
- San Fernando, covering the San Fernando, Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys. The region has 54 parishes, 12 Catholic high schools, 2 Catholic hospitals and 5 missions. The regional bishop is Gerald Eugene Wilkerson.
- San Gabriel, covering East Los Angeles through the San Gabriel Valley and the Pomona Valley. The region has 66 parishes, 13 Catholic high schools, 3 Catholic hospitals and 2 missions. The episcopal vicar is Monsignor James Loughnane.
- San Pedro, covering Long Beach and southern Los Angeles County. The region has 67 parishes, 9 Catholic high schools, 6 Catholic hospitals and 1 mission. The regional bishop is Oscar A. Solis.
- Santa Barbara, covering Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties. The region has 37 parishes, 6 Catholic high schools, 4 Catholic hospitals, and 5 missions.
Sex abuse cases
On July 16, 2007, Cardinal Roger Mahony and the archdiocese reached a record-breaking settlement with 508 alleged victims of sexual abuse by priests. The settlement was worth $660 million, with an average of $1.3 million for each plaintiff. Mahony described the abuse as a "terrible sin and crime", after a series of trials into sex abuse claims since the 1940s were to begin. The agreement settled all outstanding civil lawsuits against the archdiocese and dwarfs the $157 million settlement paid by the Archdiocese of Boston since Massachusetts law places a legal dollar cap on how much money a non-profit group can be required to pay.
In 2014 the diocese agreed to pay $13 million to settle a final group of 17 sex abuse lawsuits, including eleven that involved "a visiting Mexican priest who fled prosecution and remains a fugitive more than 25 years later". The settlement followed a court order forcing the Archdiocese to release files which showed that it had shielded accused priests, for example by ordering church officials not to turn over a list of altar boys to police who were investigating.
The archdiocese is led by the archbishop, who governs from the mother church, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels. The cathedral was dedicated on September 2, 2002, and replaced the former Cathedral of Saint Vibiana, damaged in the 1994 Northridge earthquake.
The Archbishop of Los Angeles is the metropolitan of the Province of Los Angeles of the Roman Catholic Church. Its suffragans are the dioceses of Fresno, Monterey in California, Orange in California, San Bernardino, and San Diego. Metropolitan archbishops historically wielded great administrative powers over the suffragan dioceses. Today, such power is only ceremonial and kept as a tradition.
The Most Reverend José H. Gómez is the current Archbishop of Los Angeles, having automatically succeeded his predecessor, Roger Cardinal Mahony who served for 25 years, upon the latter's retirement which took effect on March 1, 2011. Previously, Gómez served as Coadjutor Archbishop of Los Angeles since his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on April 6, 2010. He previously served as Archbishop of San Antonio from 2004 to 2010, and as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Denver from 2001 to 2004. He is an ordained priest of Opus Dei.
Archbishop Gómez is assisted by four Auxiliary Bishops: Gerald Eugene Wilkerson, Edward W. Clark, Oscar A. Solis, and Alexander Salazar. In addition, Joseph Martin Sartoris is a retired auxiliary bishop still living and residing within the archdiocese. Gordon Bennett, S.J., Bishop Emeritus of Mandeville, Jamaica, also resides within the archdiocese, as the Peter Faber, S.J. Fellow in Pastoral Theology and Ignatian Spirituality at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles.
Bishop of Two Californias
- Francisco Garcia Diego y Moreno, O.F.M. (1840–1846)
Bishop of Monterey
- Joseph Alemany, O.P., (1850–1853)
Bishops of Monterey-Los Angeles
- Thaddeus Amat y Brusi, C.M. (1853–1878)
- Francisco Mora y Borrell (1878–1896)
- George Thomas Montgomery (1896–1902)
- Thomas James Conaty (1903–1915)
- John Joseph Cantwell (1917–1922)
Bishops of Los Angeles-San Diego
- John Joseph Cantwell (1922–1936)
Archbishops of Los Angeles
- John Joseph Cantwell (1936–1947)
- James Francis Cardinal McIntyre (1948–1970)
- Timothy Cardinal Manning (1970–1985)
- Roger Cardinal Mahony (1985–2011)
- José Horacio Gómez (2011—present)
- Thomas John Curry (1994 - )
- Gerald Eugene Wilkerson (1997 - )
- Edward W. Clark (2001 - )
- Oscar Azarcon Solis (2003 - )
- Alexander Salazar (2004- )
- Juan Alfredo Arzube (1971–1993)
- Alden John Bell (1956–1962)
- Stephen Blaire (1990–1999)
- Joseph Patrick Dougherty (1969–1970)
- Carl Anthony Fisher (1986–1993)
- William Robert Johnson (1971–1976)
- William Levada (1983–1986)
- Joseph Thomas McGucken (1941–1955)
- Donald William Montrose (1983–1985)
- Manuel Duran Moreno (1976–1982)
- Armando Xavier Ochoa (1986–1996)
- Sylvester Donovan Ryan (1990–1992)
- Joseph Martin Sartoris (1994–2002)
- Thaddeus Anthony Shubsda (1976–1982)
- John J. Ward (1963–1996)
- Gabino Zavala (1994–2012)
- George Patrick Ziemann (1986–1992)
Other bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- Note: Years in parentheses indicate the time of service as a priest of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, prior to appointment to the episcopacy.
- Justin F. Rigali (1961–1985)
There are 5 colleges and over 50 high schools within the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Many churches have affiliated primary schools as well.
Religious Education Congress
The archdiocese's Office of Religious Education produces the Los Angeles Religious Education Congress, the largest annual event of its kind in the United States, with an attendance of approximately 38,000.
Annual Marian Procession and Mass
The Archdiocese has entrusted the annual celebration of the Votive Mass in honour of Our Lady of the Angels to the Queen of Angels Foundation, a lay association of the Catholic Church dedicated to promoting devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. On the second Saturday of each year since 2011, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels has hosted a Votive Mass in honour of Our Lady, Queen of Angels. The Mass follows a Marian procession which originates from the historic Queen of Angels parish, which is part of the Los Angeles Plaza Historic District, and culminates at the Cathedral.
The Marian procession and Mass have taken place annually in September since 2011. The next Grand Marian Procession and Votive Mass will take place on September 14, 2013, with Archbishop José H. Gómez as celebrant and homilist.
Holy Days of Obligation
As directed by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy and the Ecclesiastical Province of Los Angeles, the archdiocese annually observes four Holy Days of Obligation. The Roman Catholic Church currently recognizes ten holy days, established in the 1917 Code of Canon Law. However, the USCCB has reduced that number to 6 for Latin Rite dioceses in the United States. As of January 1, 1993, no provinces in the United States celebrate the solemnities of Epiphany, Corpus Christi, Saint Joseph, or the Apostles Saints Peter and Paul. The Metropolitan Province of Los Angeles, which includes the L.A. Archdiocese, further modified the list and currently celebrates 4 holy days of obligation on the day prescribed by canon law. The solemnity of the Ascension is moved from Thursday of the sixth week of Easter to the seventh Sunday of Easter. The province does not celebrate the solemnity of Mary, Mother of God as a holy day. Though this move was not approved by the proper channels, namely the Episcopal Conference with approval of Rome.
- Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, August 15
- Exception: If August 15 falls on a Saturday or Monday, there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- All Saints, November 1
- Exception: If November 1 falls on a Saturday or Monday, there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- Immaculate Conception, December 8
- Exception: If December 8 falls on a Sunday, the solemnity is transferred to the following Monday and there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, December 25
Province of Los Angeles
- List of the Catholic bishops of the United States
- List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- List of churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- List of schools in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- Queen of Angels Foundation
- Thavis, John (4 January 2012). "Bishop Zavala resigns after disclosing he is father of two children". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "LA cardinal offers abuse apology". BBC News. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "Cardinal Mahony Retires" Retrieved: 2011-02-27.
- "Pope Names San Antonio Archbishop José Gomez Coadjutor Archbishop Of Los Angeles". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 2010-04-06.
- "POPE APPOINTS COADJUTOR ARCHBISHOP FOR LOS ANGELES". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. 2010-04-02.
- Press Office of the Holy See
- "Archbishop José Horacio Gómez". Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
- "Bishop Jose H. Gomez named Archbishop of San Antonio". Opus Dei. 2004-12-29.
- Allen, Jr., John L. (2010-04-09). "Four points to make about Gomez and L.A.". National Catholic Reporter.
- "USCCB Holy Days of Obligation". Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- "Archdiocese of Los Angeles Holy Days of Obligation". Retrieved 2007-05-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles.|
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- Los Angeles Religious Education Congress
- Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels
- Cathedrals of California
- "Monterey and Los Angeles". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Archiocese of Los Angeles at Catholic-Hierarchy