Los Angeles County Department of Health Services

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Los Angeles County Department of Health Services
Los Angeles County Department of Health Services seal.png
Department overview
Formed 1972 (1972)
Preceding department Los Angeles County Health Department
Type governing body
Jurisdiction Los Angeles County
Headquarters 313 N. Figueroa Street, Los Angeles, California
34°03′36″N 118°14′58″W / 34.059939°N 118.249553°W / 34.059939; -118.249553Coordinates: 34°03′36″N 118°14′58″W / 34.059939°N 118.249553°W / 34.059939; -118.249553
Employees 20,098 (2010)[1]
Annual budget US$3,535,812,000 (2010)[1]
Department executives Mitchell H. Katz, Director
Tangerine Brigham, Deputy Director, Managed Care Services
Parent department LA County Board of Supervisors
Child department Emergency Medical Services Agency
Ambulatory Care Network
Website www.ladhs.org

Los Angeles County Department of Health Services (abbreviated DHS and LADHS) is a public health care system in Los Angeles County. LADHS is the second largest municipal health system in the United States, after the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation.[2] DHS operates four public hospitals, two Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Centers, 16 local health clinics and works with over 200 community partners. DHS provided health services to over 800,000 patients in Los Angeles County during fiscal year 2011-2012.[3] DHS' administrative headquarters is located on Figueroa Street (at Temple Street) in Downtown Los Angeles.

LADHS operates four hospitals three teaching hospitals and one rehabilitation hospital. Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, LAC+USC Medical Center, and Olive View-UCLA Medical Center each provides inpatient, outpatient, and emergency services for men, women, and children. DHS hospitals are affiliated with the University of Southern California School of Medicine and UCLA School of Medicine to provide education and conduct research along with health services. The Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center provides physical therapy services to individuals around the country.

In addition, DHS operates an Ambulatory Care Network consisting of DHS outpatient clinics (Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Centers, Comprehensive Health Centers, and Health Centers), the Community Partners program, the Division of Managed Care, and the Division of Research and Innovation. The Ambulatory Care Network was created to provide primary care, outpatient specialty care, and ambulatory surgery.

For Fiscal Year 2012-2013, LADHS had an annual budget of US$3,832,724,000.[4] The County funds less than 17% (US$649,444,000) of LADHS' total annual budget.[4]

History[edit]

Municipal governments, under Section 17000 of California's Welfare and Institutions Code, are responsible as safety net health care providers.[5] In the 1860s, Los Angeles County appointed a County Physician, and a small hospital for the poor in Los Angeles was established.[5] Other institutions were acquired or established, including Rancho Los Amigos Poor Farm (now Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center) in 1890, the General Hospital (now LAC+USC Medical Center) in 1932, two military hospitals, including the Harbor General Hospital (now Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, after World War II, Olive View Sanatorium (now Olive View-UCLA Medical Center) in 1970, and the Martin Luther King Medical Center (now Martin Luther King, Jr. Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Center) in 1972, in response to the Watts Riots[5]

In the 1960s, the Los Angeles City Health Department merged into the LA County Health Department.[6] In 1972, the Los Angeles County's departments of hospitals, public health and mental health, along with the Los Angeles County Veterinarian's Office were merged into the Department of Health Services, to consolidate and integrate health services.[6]

On May 30, 2006, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors tentatively approved the establishment of Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (DPH) as a separate department, primarily to buffer DPH from DHS' recurring budget shortfalls and to separate public health functions, including enforcement of laws, from DHS.[7] DPH was formally established on July 7, 2006.[7] The department was formally separated on July 6, 2006.[8]

On January 3, 2011, Mitchell H. Katz, a physician, was appointed Director of Health Services for DHS.[9] Katz served 13 years as director of public health for the San Francisco Department of Public Health, where he designed and implemented the "Healthy San Francisco" program covering all San Franciscans with health care.[9] From 2008 to 2011, John F. Schunhoff, Ph.D. served as an interim director following Bruce Chernoff's resignation in May 2008.[10]

In 2011, DHS began enrolling hundreds of thousands of uninsured LA County residents in a publicly funded health program called Healthy Way LA (HWLA) and began a major overhaul of its health care system to increase emphasis on primary care instead of acute care.[11] These reforms are set to take place before the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act takes effect in 2014.[11] Healthy Way L.A. provides a primary care provider team to members and expanded access to primary, preventative and specialty services, as well as access to hospital-based inpatient and outpatient services.[12] It is a county implementation of the state Low Income Health Program (LIHP).

In the 2010-2011 fiscal year, DHS reported a budget surplus of $13.2 million.[13]

List of Facilities[edit]

LADHS comprises a network of County-owned medical facilities throughout Los Angeles County, including four hospitals, two Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Centers (MACC), six Comprehensive Health Centers (CHC), and 10 Health Centers (HC).[14]

Medical Centers[edit]

LADHS operates three academic teaching hospitals and one rehabilitation hospital:

  1. Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (H-UCLA MC)
  2. LAC+USC Medical Center (LAC+USC MC)
  3. Olive View-UCLA Medical Center (OV-UCLA MC)
  4. Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center (RLANRC)

Multi-Ambulatory Care Centers[edit]

LADHS, through its Ambulatory Care Network (ACN), operates two multi-ambulatory care centers (MACCs), which comprise an urgent care center as well as primary care and specialty care clinics:[14]

  1. High Desert Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Center (HD-MACC)
  2. Martin Luther King, Jr. Multi-Service Ambulatory Care Center (MLK-MACC)

Comprehensive Health Centers and Health Centers[edit]

LADHS' Ambulatory Care Network operates a network of comprehensive health centers and health centers, which are community-based clinics that provide primary care to patients at their medical homes, throughout the County.[15]

These include six comprehensive health centers (CHCs):[14]

  1. Long Beach Comprehensive Health Center
  2. Edward R. Roybal Comprehensive Health Center
  3. El Monte Comprehensive Health Center
  4. H. Claude Hudson Comprehensive Health Center
  5. Hubert H. Humphrey Comprehensive Health Center
  6. Mid-Valley Comprehensive Health Center

LADHS also operates 10 health centers (HCs):[14]

  1. Bellflower Health Center
  2. Wilmington Health Center
  3. Antelope Valley Health Center
  4. South Valley Health Center
  5. La Puente Health Center
  6. Dollarhide Health Center
  7. Glendale Health Center
  8. San Fernando Health Center
  9. Lake Los Angeles Health Center
  10. Little Rock Health Center

Governance[edit]

The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors oversees the Department of Health Services. Mitchell H. Katz, leads DHS as the Director of Health Service and reports to the LA County Board of Supervisors. DHS leadership also includes: Hal F. Yee Jr., M.D., Chief Medical Officer; Tangerine Brigham, Managed Care Deputy Director; Christina Ghaly, M.D., Deputy Director, Strategic Planning; Alexander K. Li, M.D., CEO, Ambulatory Care Network; Mark Ghaly, M.D., Deputy Director, Community Health; Anish Mahajan, M.D., Director of System Planning, Improvement and Data Analytics; Allan Wecker, Chief Financial Officer; Kevin Lynch, Chief Information Officer; Wendy Schwartz, Director of Board Relations; and Gerardo Pinedo, Director of Government Relations & Policy.[3]

Quality of Care[edit]

Rankings[edit]

Two hospitals in the DHS system, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and the Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, were ranked "best" in the 2012-13 rankings of U.S. News & World Report's America's Best Hospitals:

Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center has consistently been ranked as one of "America's Best Hospitals" since 1989.[18]

Accreditation[edit]

All four hospitals in the DHS system are currently accredited by the Joint Commission:

  1. Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (H-UCLA MC)[19]
  2. LAC+USC Medical Center (LAC+USC MC)[20]
  3. Olive View-UCLA Medical Center (OV-UCLA MC)[21]
  4. Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center (RLANRC)[22]

Harbor-UCLA Medical Center has consistently received the Joint Commission's Medal of Honor for Organ Donation.[19] Most recently, it received a Silver Medal in 2012.[19]

Volume of Services[edit]

DHS provides health services to over 800,000 patients[3] including many uninsured patients.[23] LAC+USC Medical Center provides care for half of HIV/AIDS and sickle cell anemia patients patients in Southern California.[24]

In 2012, the DHS system had a hospital bed capacity of 1,465. DHS hospitals had 74,811 admissions, 1,251,553 outpatient visits, and 4,850 births. Over the past 20 years, the number of births performed at DHS hospitals has declined substantially since Medi-Cal expanded coverage for pregnant women in the 1990s.[25]

In Fiscal Year 2011-2012, the DHS system (inclusive of MACCs) received over 300,000 emergency department admissions, over 2.6 million ambulatory care admissions and nearly 230,000 urgent care admissions.[26] DHS hospitals recorded 295,000 emergency department visits, 1.1 million outpatient hospital visits and 76,000 urgent care visits.[26]


Medical Center Primary Service Total Beds Admissions Outpatient Visits Births Personnel Total Expenses
LAC+USC Medical Center[27] Acute care 633 35,636 571,245 2,055 6,050 $1,440,644,952
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center[28] Acute care 350 22,064 418,435 939 3,199 $675,671,267
Olive View-UCLA Medical Center[29] Acute care 275 13,913 225,760 1,856 2,218 $499,333,490
Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center[30] Rehabilitation 207 3,198 36,113 0 1,704 $230,674,268

Healthcare Programs[edit]

Healthy Way LA[edit]

Healthy Way LA(HWLA) was a free public health care program available to underinsured or uninsured, low-income residents of Los Angeles (LA) County. The program was a Low Income Health Program (LIHP) approved under the 1115 Waiver. HWLA helped narrow the large gap in access to health care among low-income populations by extending health care insurance to uninsured LA County residents living at 0 percent to 133 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL). Individuals eligible for HWLA are assigned to a medical home within the LA County Department of Health Services (LADHS) or its partners, thus gaining access to continuous primary care, preventive and specialty services, mental health services, and other support systems. HWLA was one of the few sources of coordinated health care for disadvantaged adults without dependents in LA County.[31]

As a part of the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid Expansion will phase out the Healthy Way LA program. As a result, 252,379 Healthy Way LA members will automatically be transitioned into Medi-Cal on January 1, 2014.

Community Partner Program[edit]

The Community Partners Program is a collaboration between the LADHS and private, community-based providers (Partners) to provide quality health services in a culturally and linguistically appropriate environment to low income and uninsured communities. This program is part of a Medicaid Demonstration Project designed to provide LADHS with federal fiscal relief to preserve vital community clinic capacity, to increase access to primary, dental, and specialty care services, and to develop Community Partners for the provision of these services. The Community Partner Program provides Primary, specialty, and dental care services are available to people of all ages who reside in Los Angeles County and whose net family income is at or below 133-1/3% of the Federal Poverty Level (or are General Relief (GR) Recipients), and who do not qualify for Medi-Cal or any other government or third-party assistance programs. Patients are strongly encouraged to make an appointment at one of the Partner sites to find out if they are eligible for Community Partners or other funded health care services.[32]

Housing for Health[edit]

Housing for Health is a LADHS program that provides chronically homeless patients with housing. A chronically homeless person is defined as a homeless individual with at least one disabling condition that has been continuously homeless for one year or has had at least four episodes of homelessness in the past three years. Housing for Health began enrolling participants on March 1, 2007 and is funded by LA County Homeless Prevention Initiative. The Housing for Health program reduced emergency room visits by 77%. Inpatient visits were also reduced by 77% and there was an 85% reduction the number of days of these visits. Participants in the Housing for Health program used an average of $32,000 less of DHS acute medical services.[33] DHS will operate a primary care clinic and a supportive housing development lab in the Star Apartments, which is a 100 unit apartment complex in Downtown Los Angeles’ Skid Row under construction for the chronically homeless by the Skid Row Housing Trust.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Assessor". County of Los Angeles Annual Report 2009-2010. Public Affairs, Chief Executive Office. p. 70. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "History". Department of Health Services (County of Los Angeles). Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Annual Report 2011-2012. 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "2012-13 Final Budget". Chief Executive Office. County of Los Angeles. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Cousineau, Michael R.; Elizabeth Graddy; Robert Tranquada (May 2003). An Analysis of Alternative Governable for the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. USC School of Medicine. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Cousineau, Michael R.; Robert E. Tranquada (April 2007). "Crisis & Commitment: 150 Years of Service by Los Angeles County Public Hospitals". American Journal of Public Health 97 (4): 606–615. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2006.091637. PMC 1829364. PMID 17329642. 
  7. ^ a b "Department of Public Health Fiscal Condition and Separation from the Department of Health Services (Item No. 72, Agenda of June 30, 2009)". Chief Executive Office. County of Los Angeles. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Community Health Sciences". Field Studies Program. UCLA School of Public Health. 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Dr. Mitchell H. Katz Named Director of Health Services". Department of Health Services (County of Los Angeles). 19 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  10. ^ "Minutes". Clerk of the Board of Supervisors. 18 September 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Gorman, Anna (9 October 2011). "L.A. County expands no-cost healthcare". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Healthy Way LA: Providing Health Care Coverage for Low-Income Uninsured Adults". The Los Angeles County Coverage Initiative Proposal. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  13. ^ Lin, Rong-Gong (30 August 2011). "County hospital system reports unexpected budget surplus". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2010-2011". Department of Health Services. County of Los Angeles. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "FAST FACTS FROM DR. KATZ". 3 May 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Los Angeles County-Harbor-UCLA Medical Center". Best Hospitals. U.S. News & World Report. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center". Best Hospitals. U.S. News & World Report. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "Rancho Ranked California’s Top Rehabilitation Hospital in Annual U.S. News & World Report National Survey". Office of Communications. Department of Health Services. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c "Summary of Accreditation Quality Information - H-UCLA MC". Accreditation Quality Report. The Joint Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  20. ^ "Summary of Accreditation Quality Information - LAC+USC MC". Accreditation Quality Report. The Joint Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "Summary of Accreditation Quality Information - OV-UCLA MC". Accreditation Quality Report. The Joint Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  22. ^ "Summary of Accreditation Quality Information - RLANRC". Accreditation Quality Report. The Joint Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  23. ^ "Background Information - Los Angeles County (LAC) Department of Health Services (DHS)". Commission Auditor. Miami-Dade County. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  24. ^ "The Spirit of LAC+USC Healthcare Network". Department of Health Services. County of Los Angeles. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  25. ^ Mitchell H. Katz (26 November 2012). "Steps Required to Successfully Adapt the Department of Health Services (DHS) and Los Angeles County for the Affordable Care Act (ACA)". Department of Health Services. County of Los Angeles. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  26. ^ a b Gerardo Pinedo (ed.). "Annual Report 2011-2012". Department of Health Services. County of Los Angeles. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  27. ^ "Quick Report - LAC+USC MC". AHA Data Healthcare Viewer. American Hospital Association. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  28. ^ "Quick Report - H-UCLA MC". AHA Data Healthcare Viewer. American Hospital Association. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  29. ^ "Quick Report - OV-UCLA MC". AHA Data Healthcare Viewer. American Hospital Association. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "Quick Report - RLANRC". AHA Data Healthcare Viewer. American Hospital Association. 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  31. ^ "Healthy Way LA". wikipedia. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  32. ^ "Community Partners Program Home". LA COUNTY DHS. 
  33. ^ Todoroff, Cheri. "County of Los Angeles Department of Health Services Supportive Housing Initiative". LA County DHS. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 


External links[edit]