Los Angeles Opera
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The Los Angeles Opera is an American opera company in Los Angeles, California. It is the fourth-largest opera company in the United States.  The company's home base is the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, part of the Los Angeles Music Center.
Spanish tenor and conductor Plácido Domingo has been general director since 2003. To date, he has sung 24 different roles with the company including, most recently, the baritone role of Francesco Foscari in Verdi's I due Foscari (September 2012), as well as Pablo Neruda in Daniel Catan's Il Postino, Siegmund in Die Walküre, Vidal Hernando in Luisa Fernanda, and the title roles in Simon Boccanegra, Tamerlano, Idomeneo and Parsifal. He has also conducted 13 different operas and numerous concerts with the company.
American conductor James Conlon has been Music Director since 2006, succeeding Kent Nagano, who held the official title of "Principal Conductor" from 2001–2003 and then became Music Director. To date, Maestro Conlon has conducted 33 different operas in LA Opera's mainstage seasons, in addition to numerous concerts.
Grant Gershon became Resident Conductor as of the 2012–13 season, after previously serving as Associate Conductor/Chorus Master since 2007. Previous conductors in residence included William Vendice, Head of Music Staff/Chorus Master, from 1995 to 2007; and Randall Behr, Resident Conductor, Chorus Master, and Head of Music Staff from 1988 to 1995.
The Los Angeles Opera company, which was inaugurated in 1986 with a production of Verdi's Otello starring Plácido Domingo, traces its roots back to the Los Angeles Civic Grand Opera, which was formed in 1948. It presented staged productions through the 1950s. Shortly after its third production at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, the company abandoned its own production projects and recreated itself as the Music Center Opera Association by bringing opera from other cities to the Music Center, notably San Francisco Opera the New York City Opera. San Francisco Opera began presenting productions in Los Angeles in 1937 and continued to do so every fall until 1969. The NYCO brought productions to Los Angeles every fall from 1966 to 1982.
In 1984, the Music Center Opera Association hired Peter Hemmings and gave him the task of creating a local opera company which would once again present its own productions. This led to the forming of the Los Angeles Opera. Hemmings stepped down as General Director in 2000, with Plácido Domingo assuming leadership of the company following season. (In fact, Domingo had been involved in the creation of the company, having served as its artistic consultant since 1984.) In November 2001, Edgar Baitzel was made director of artistic operations. Baitzel was appointed the company's artistic director in May 2003 and then its chief operating officer in February 2006. Baitzel died in March 2007.
Productions of non-standard repertory
The company offers productions in the standard operatic repertory as well as new and rarely staged operas. In 2003, it presented the world premiere of Nicholas and Alexandra, with music composed by Deborah Drattell and text by Nicholas von Hoffman. The 2010–2011 season opened with the world première of Daniel Catán's opera based on the drama film Il Postino (1994) with Domingo as the poet Pablo Neruda, Charles Castronovo in the title role and Grant Gershon conducting.
The company has also frequently turned to the cinema world for directors of its productions. During the 2001–2002 season, it mounted a production of Wagner's Lohengrin, directed by Austrian actor Maximilian Schell and a double bill of Bartók's Bluebeard's Castle and Puccini's Gianni Schicchi, directed by filmmaker William Friedkin. Garry Marshall directed his own adaptation of Jacques Offenbach's La Grande Duchesse de Gerolstein in 2005. Friedkin returned to direct Richard Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos in 2004 and, in 2008, the first two parts of Puccini's Il Trittico, Il Tabarro and Suor Angelica, a production that also featured Woody Allen making his operatic debut staging Gianni Schicchi.
Highlights of the last decade have included Kiri Te Kanawa in the title role of Samuel Barber's Vanessa; Leoš Janáček's Jenůfa starring Karita Mattila; Kurt Weill's Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny starring Anthony Dean Griffey, Audra McDonald and Patti LuPone, Rossini's Il Turco in Italia starring Nino Machaidze Simone Alberghini, Paolo Gavanelli and Thomas Allen, and two works by Benjamin Britten: The Turn of the Screw starring Patricia Racette and Albert Herring starring Alek Shrader in the title role, with Janis Kelly and Christine Brewer sharing the role of Lady Billows.
Notable guest performers
Other frequent and notable guests with the company have included Samuel Ramey, Violeta Urmana, Hildegard Behrens, Denyce Graves, Frederica von Stade, Sumi Jo, Deborah Voigt, James Morris, Rod Gilfry, Jennifer Larmore, Maria Ewing, Susan Graham and Ferruccio Furlanetto.
Company programs and features
The "Recovered Voices" Project
The company's multi-year project, begun during the 2006-2007 season, is dedicated to presenting little known operas by the lost generation of composers whose lives and careers were cut short by the Third Reich. To date, the company has presented Alexander von Zemlinsky's Eine florentinische Tragödie (An Italian Tragedy) and Der Zwerg (The Dwarf), the U.S. premiere of Viktor Ullmann's Der zerbrochene Krug (The Broken Jug), Walter Braunfels' Die Vögel (The Birds) and the U.S. premiere of Franz Schreker's Die Gezeichneten (The Stigmatized) as part of this mission, as well as children's performances of Hans Krasa's Brundibar.
Der Ring des Nibelungen
The company presented its first presentation of Richard Wagner's complete Der Ring des Nibelungen in the summer of 2010. New productions of Das Rheingold and Die Walküre were performed in early 2009, followed by Siegfried (September–October 2009) and Götterdämmerung (April 2010). Three full cycles were produced from May 29 through June 26, 2010, accompanied by the citywide Ring Festival LA. The innovative production was directed and designed by German theater artist Achim Freyer and conducted by James Conlon. The principal artists included Linda Watson, Vitalij Kowaljow, Michelle DeYoung, Plácido Domingo, John Treleaven, Graham Clark, Richard Paul Fink, Eric Halfvarson, Alan Held and Jennifer Wilson, among others.
The festival drew criticism from Los Angeles County Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich, which argued that Wagner's work was the "soundtrack to the Holocaust", a reference to Wagner's anti-Semitic views.  Antonovich requested that the company broaden the scope of the festival to include other classical and operatic performers, while the company argued that proper attention was made to educate festival-goers on Wagner's racist views, and that broadening the scope would be inappropriate. On a 3–1 vote, the other supervisors rejected Antonovich's motion to have the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors send a letter to the company to shift the focus away from Wagner.
Subsequently, partly as a result of the cost of producing the Ring, the company requested an emergency $14 million loan from the Board of Supervisors due to reduced sponsorships and escalating costs. The Board approved the loan 4–1, with Antonovich dissenting. In January 2012, LA Opera repaid half of the loan, with the balance repaid in December 2012.
Education and Community Programs
For over 20 years, the company has produced a wide variety of education and outreach programs designed to bring opera to people of all backgrounds, from young children experiencing opera for the first time to experienced opera lovers of all ages. These include "In-School Operas" performed for and by elementary school students; full-scale student matinées and a summer "Opera Camp" for secondary school students; accredited teacher training programs; large-scale, free community performances for families; a popular lecture series for ticket holders before every mainstage performance; and open dress rehearsals for senior centers. In 2008, these programs were enjoyed by an all-time high of more than 159,000 students, teachers and community members.
- Ng, David, "L.A. Opera's new CEO works to keep stage lights on, audiences coming", Los Angeles Times, 21 October 2012
- San Francisco Opera Online Performance Archive
- [dead link] "Obituaries:Colin Graham, Director, Librettist and Translator, Is Dead at Seventy-Five". Opera News. June 2007, vol 71, no. 12.
- Stampler, Laura (July 16, 2009). "LA County Supervisor Antonovitch Protests 2010 Wagner Ring Festival". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- Ng, David (July 21, 2009). "Supervisors Vote Against Changing Ring Festival". Culture Monster (blog of the Los Angeles Times). Retrieved August 21, 2012.
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