Los Angeles Public Library
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|Los Angeles Public Library|
|South entrance at Hope Street|
|Location||630 West 5th Street
Los Angeles, California
|Access and use|
|Population served||3,844,829 (city)
|Director||John F. Szabo (Fall 2012)|
The Los Angeles Public Library system (LAPL) serves the residents of Los Angeles. With more than six million volumes, it is one of the largest publicly funded library systems in the world. The system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles.
- 1 Circulation
- 2 History
- 3 Central Library
- 4 Branches
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, periodicals, computer access and audiovisual materials are available to patrons. The Library's Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location. There is also an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, and language learning tools. The Central Library at 630 West 5th Street, between Grand Avenue and Flower Street in Downtown Los Angeles, remains an important research library, despite the development of accessible databases and public access to the Internet.
Aggressive expansion and growth of the system began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a large network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library sometime prior to 1970.
The historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark. The Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings. Originally named the Central Library, the building was first renamed in honor of the longtime president of the Board of Library Commissioners and President of the University of Southern California, Rufus B. von KleinSmid. The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley. The complex (i.e., the original Goodhue building and the Bradley wing) was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library.
Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue designed the original Los Angeles Central Library with influences of ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival architecture. The central tower is topped with a tiled mosaic pyramid with suns on the sides with a hand holding a torch representing the "Light of Learning" at the apex. Other elements include sphinxes, snakes, and celestial mosaics. It has sculptural elements by the preeminent American architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie, similar to the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, Nebraska, also designed by Goodhue. The interior of the library is decorated with various figures, statues, chandeliers, and grilles, notably a four-part mural by illustrator Dean Cornwell depicting stages of the History of California which was completed around 1933. The building is a designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Central Library was extensively renovated and expanded in a Modernist/Beaux-Arts architecture (according to the principal architect of the renovation Norman Pfeiffer) from 1988 through 1993, including an enormous, eight-story atrium dedicated to former mayor Tom Bradley.
The building's limited access had caused a number of problems. Generally, the accessible public stacks in the reading rooms only displayed about 10 to 20 percent of the actual collections of the Central Library. For anything else, a patron had to submit a request slip and a clerk would retrieve the desired material from the internal stacks. Internal stacks were packed very tightly and had very little headroom. For example, while the normal reading rooms had ceilings of anywhere from ten to fifteen feet, the internal stack areas were many shelves of about six-foot height, stacked internally, so that while the public access area was about two floors plus the Science and Technology alcove, the internal stacks were approximately five or six floors. To fix this would have required substantial renovation, a cost the city was not willing to cover, especially after hours of operation were cut in response to the 1978 property tax reduction measure Proposition 13.
- Arson catalyst
The catalyst for the renovation was the devastating arson fire of April 29, 1986. Although the building was safely evacuated, its vintage construction precluded the ventilation of heat and smoke, and limited firefighter access. Some 400,000 volumes—20 percent of the library's holdings—were destroyed, with significant water and smoke damage done to the surviving works. A second fire on September 3 of the same year destroyed the contents of the music department reading room.
As part of the rehabilitation plan, LAPL sold its air rights to developers, enabling the construction of the eponymous Library Tower across the street. The skyscraper was subsequently renamed the First Interstate World Center and later the U.S. Bank Tower. Additional funds were raised through corporate and personal contributions which flowed from the effort of the "Save The Books" campaign formed by Mayor Tom Bradley.
The campaign, co-chaired by Lodwrick Cook, then CEO of Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) had targeted a goal to raise $10 million through corporate and individual contributions ranging from schoolchildren's nickels and dimes to $50,000 contributions by Los Angeles businessman Marvin Davis and MCA Chairman Lew Wasserman. William Eugene "Gene" Scott, an LAPL neighbor and member of the 43 strong blue ribbon committee, donated the use of his University Network television studios and himself to what became a 48-hour telethon to raise $2 million towards the total objective.
The Library's renovation was completed in 1993. It included a large new underground parking facility, with a park designed by Lawrence Halprin over it. The Central Library reopened on October 3, 1993.
Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection
The Central Library houses and archives the extensive Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection of over 3 million historic photographs from varied sources and collection acquisitions. Many images can be viewed by the public via the online photo collection. The physical Photo Collection an important resource for researchers, writers, curators, and educators.
The Photo Collection's sources have included: the former Los Angeles Herald-Examiner newspaper photo morgue (2.2 million images); the Security Pacific Bank Collection (250,000); the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce image archives (60,000), Hollywood Citizen News/Valley Times Newspaper Collection (30,000), and the 'Turn of the century Los Angeles' collection (150,000).
Collection sources also include the portfolios by noted local and regional photographers, such as: the Ralph Morris Archives (25,000) of the Los Angeles area from 1939 to the late 1970s; a collection of 1940s L.A. images taken and donated by Ansel Adams, and the William Reagh Collection (40,000—800 online) of post-war Los Angeles to 1991.
Shades of L.A.
The "Shades of L.A. Collection" is an archive of more than 10,000 images donated/duplicated from family photo albums (collected by former Photo Collection director Carolyn Kozo Cole) that expanded the archives to include the many diverse ethnic histories of people in the city, beyond the already well represented 'Anglo' population.
The project's success expanded to the California State Library creating the "Shades of California" collection to represent the state's diverse communities, using the LAPL methods and model. The book "Shades of California: The Hidden Beauty of Ordinary Life" resulted from the successful statewide project. Over a dozen California city and county library districts also created local Shades of California collections, such as Monterey, Riverside, and Humboldt County.
Science, Technology & Patents Department
The Science, Technology & Patents Department has an extremely diversified collection, on Lower Level 2 of the building's Tom Bradley Wing. It includes a complete collection of all Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) publications including the complete Patent Gazette and Trademark Gazette issues from the opening of the PTO. It also included a complete set of the entire registration books published by the United States Copyright Office starting from Volume 1. These collections also received 1986 fire damage, and were restored and again accessible when the Central Library reopened.
Feathers map collection
In 2012 Glen Creason, the map librarian for the central library, was invited to the Mount Washington home of John Feathers, who had died at age 56 with no known relatives. According to Creason, the cottage contained "at least a million maps" and the library was delighted to accept their donation. "This dwarfs our collection", he said, "and we've been collecting for 100 years." The maps were stored on shelves, in boxes, in file cabinets, and even in the cabinet of an old stereo system with its electronics removed.
Creason said it could take a year to catalog and organize the maps and 600 feet (180 m) of shelving would be needed, but the library would then have the fifth-largest map collection in the country.
|No.||Name||Photograph||Address||Zip Code||Phone||District||Neighborhood Served||Notes|
|01||Benjamin Franklin||2200 E. First St.||90033-3902||323-263-6901||Northeast Area|
|02||Lincoln Heights||2530 Workman St.||90031-2322||323-226-1692||Northeast Area||Lincoln Heights|
|03||Pío Pico-Koreatown||694 S. Oxford Ave.||90005-2872||213-368-7647||Hollywood Area|
|04||Vernon||4504 S. Central Ave.||90011-3632||323-234-9106||Central Southern Area|
|05||Arroyo Seco||6145 N. Figueroa St.||90042-3565||323-255-0537||Northeast Area||Regional Branch|
|06||Exposition Park||3900 S. Western Ave.||90062-1111||323-290-3113||Central Southern Area||Regional Branch|
|07||Junipero Serra||4607 S. Main St.||90037-2735||323-234-1685||Central Southern Area|
|08||Echo Park||1410 W. Temple St.||90026-5605||213-250-7808||Northeast Area||Echo Park|
|09||San Pedro||931 S. Gaffey St.||90731-3606||310-548-7779||Central Southern Area||San Pedro||Regional Branch|
|10||Wilmington||1300 N. Avalon Blvd.||90744-2639||310-834-1082||Central Southern Area||Wilmington|
|11||Goldwyn Hollywood||1623 N. Ivar Ave.||90028-6304||323-856-8260||Hollywood Area||Hollywood|
|12||John C. Fremont||6121 Melrose Ave.||90038-3501||323-962-3521||Hollywood Area||Hancock Park|
|13||Westchester-Loyola Village||7114 W. Manchester Ave.||90045-3509||310-348-1096||Western Area||Westchester|
|14||Vermont Square||1201 W. 48th St.||90037-2838||323-290-7405||Central Southern Area||Vermont Square|
|15||Pacific Palisades||861 Alma Real Dr.||90272-3730||310-459-2754||Western Area||Pacific Palisades|
|16||Donald Bruce Kaufman Brentwood||11820 San Vicente Blvd.||90049-5002||310-575-8273||Western Area||Brentwood|
|17||Jefferson-Vassie D. Wright||2211 W. Jefferson Blvd.||90018-3741||323-734-8573||Central Southern Area|
|18||Malabar||2801 Wabash Ave.||90033-2604||323-263-1497||Northeast Area|
|19||Robert Louis Stevenson||803 Spence St.||90023-1727||323-268-4710||Northeast Area|
|20||Cahuenga||4591 Santa Monica Blvd.||90029-1937||323-664-6418||Hollywood Area||East Hollywood|
|21||El Sereno||5226 S. Huntington Dr.||90032-1704||323-225-9201||Northeast Area||El Sereno|
|22||Palms-Rancho Park||2920 Overland Ave.||90064-4220||323-840-2142||Western Area||Palms & Rancho Park|
|23||Van Nuys||6250 Sylmar Ave.||91401-2707||818-756-8453||East Valley Area||Van Nuys|
|24||Canoga Park||20939 Sherman Way||91303-1744||818-887-0320||West Valley Area||Canoga Park|
|25||Studio City||12511 Moorpark St.||91604-1372||818-755-7873||East Valley Area||Studio City|
|26||Angeles Mesa||2700 W. 52nd St.||90043-1953||323-292-4328||Central Southern Area|
|27||West Los Angeles||11360 Santa Monica Blvd.||90025-3152||310-575-8323||Western Area||West Los Angeles||Regional Branch|
|28||Cypress Park||1150 Cypress Ave.||90065-1144||323-224-0039||Northeast Area||Cypress Park|
|29||Wilshire||149 N. St. Andrews Pl.||90004-4019||323-957-4550||Hollywood Area||Mid-Wilshire|
|30||Ascot||120 W. Florence Ave.||90003-1805||323-759-4817||Central Southern Area|
|31||Will & Ariel Durant||7140 W. Sunset Blvd.||90046-4416||323-876-2741||Hollywood|
|32||Eagle Rock||5027 Caspar Ave.||90041-1901||323-258-8078||Northeast Area||Eagle Rock|
|33||Hyde Park-Miriam Matthews||2205 W. Florence Ave.||90043-5101||323-750-7241||Western Area|
|34||John Muir||1005 W. 64th St.||90044-3605||323-789-4800||Central Southern Area|
|35||Sunland-Tujunga||7771 Foothill Blvd.||91042-2137||818-352-4481||East Valley Area||Sunland & Tujunga|
|36||Los Feliz||1874 Hillhurst Ave.||90027-4427||323-913-4710||Hollywood Area||Los Feliz|
|37||North Hollywood Amelia Earhart||5211 Tujunga Ave.||91601-3119||818-766-7185||East Valley Area||North Hollywood||Regional Branch|
|38||Mar Vista||12006 Venice Blvd.||90066-3810||310-390-3454||Western Area||Mar Vista|
|39||Panorama City||14345 Roscoe Blvd.||91402-4222||818-894-4071||East Valley Area||Panorama City|
|40||Venice-Abbot Kinney||501 S. Venice Blvd.||90291-4201||310-821-1769||Western Area||Venice|
|41||Washington Irving||4117 W. Washington Blvd.||90018-1053||323-734-6303||Hollywood Area|
|42||Robertson Branch Library||1719 S. Robertson Blvd.||90035-4315||310-840-2147||Western Area||Closed Saturday and open Sunday due to widespread observation of Shabbat in this neighborhood|
|43||Alma Reaves Woods-Watts||10205 Compton Ave.||90002-2804||323-789-2850||Central Southern Area||Watts|
|44||Atwater Village||3379 Glendale Blvd.||90039-1825||323-664-1353||Hollywood Area||Atwater Village|
|45||Mark Twain||9621 S. Figueroa St.||90003-3928||323-755-4088||Central Southern Area|
|46||Baldwin Hills||2906 S. La Brea Ave.||90016-3902||323-733-1196||Western Area||Baldwin Hills|
|47||Encino-Tarzana||18231 Ventura Blvd.||91356-3630||818-343-1983||West Valley Area||Encino & Tarzana|
|48||Felipe de Neve||2820 W. 6th St.||90057-3114||213-384-7676||Hollywood Area||Westlake|
|49||Memorial||4625 W. Olympic||90019-1832||323-938-2732||Hollywood Area|
|50||West Valley||19036 Vanowen St.||91335-5114||818-345-9806||West Valley Area||Reseda||Regional Branch|
|51||Sherman Oaks||14245 Moorpark St.||91423-2722||818-205-9716||East Valley Area||Sherman Oaks|
|52||Sun Valley||7935 Vineland Ave.||91352-4477||818-764-1338||East Valley Area||Sun Valley|
|53||Pacoima||13605 Van Nuys Blvd.||91331-3613||818-899-5203||East Valley Area||Pacoima|
|54||Sylmar||14561 Polk St.||91342-4055||818-367-6102||East Valley Area||Sylmar|
|55||Playa Vista||6400 Playa Vista Dr.||90094-2168||310-437-6680||Western Area||Playa Vista|
|56||Granada Hills||10640 Petit Ave.||91344-6452||818-368-5687||West Valley Area||Granada Hills|
|57||Valley Plaza||12311 Vanowen St.||91605-5624||818-765-9251||East Valley Area|
|58||Woodland Hills||22200 Ventura Blvd.||91364-1517||818-226-0017||West Valley Area||Woodland Hills|
|59||Northridge||9051 Darby Ave.||91325-2743||818-886-3640||West Valley Area||Northridge|
|60||Chatsworth||21052 Devonshire St.||91311-2314||818-341-4276||West Valley Area||Chatsworth|
|61||Fairfax||161 S. Gardner St.||90036-2717||323-936-6191||Hollywood Area||Fairfax District|
|62||Lake View Terrace||12002 Osborne St.||91342-7221||818-890-7404||East Valley Area||Lake View Terrace|
|63||Chinatown||639 N. Hill St.||90012-2317||213-620-0925||Northeast Area||Chinatown|
|64||Little Tokyo||203 S. Los Angeles St.||90012-3704||213-612-0525||Northeast Area||Little Tokyo|
|65||Platt||23600 Victory Blvd.||91367-1349||818-340-9386||West Valley Area|
|66||Mid-Valley Regionalv||16244 Nordhoff St.||91343-3806||818-895-3650||West Valley Area||Regional Branch|
|67||Porter Ranch||11371 Tampa Ave.||91326-1729||818-360-5706||West Valley Area||Porter Ranch|
|68||Harbor City-Harbor Gateway||24000 S. Western Ave.||90710-1741||310-534-9520||Central Southern||Harbor City & Harbor Gateway|
|69||Edendale||2011 W. Sunset Blvd.||90026-3122||213-207-3000||Northeast Area||Echo Park|
|70||Pico-Union||1030 S. Alvarado St.||90006-3712||213-368-7545||Hollywood Area||Pico-Union|
|71||Westwood||1246 Glendon Ave.||90024-4914||310-474-1739||Western Area||Westwood|
|72||Silver Lake||2411 Glendale Blvd.||90039-3217||323-913-7451||Northeast Area||Silver Lake|
- List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles
- Samuel Bradford Caswell (1828–1898), one of the first trustees of the first Los Angeles public library, owned property where the Central Branch was built
- Donald D. Lorenzen, City Council member who supported renovation of library
- Martin Gomez (February 2010). City Librarian's Report to Friends Groups (.PPS). Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-26.
- "Los Angeles Library Foundation - Annual Report 2008-2009". Library Foundation of Los Angeles. 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-26.
- Fuentes, Ed. "Central Library Murals Are Also 80 Years Old". KCET. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "'Photograph Collection Overview' (online photos)". Los Angeles Public Library. 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- Wikimedia Commons — Category: Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection — Wikimedia category for images from the LAPL Photo Collection.
- Bancroft Library — Shades of California . accessed 3.30.2012.
- LAPL Photo Collection Sources
- LAPL newsroom release: "Images of 1940s Los Angeles Donated by Adams to the Library Include Many Lost Icons" (Images Available) . accessed 2.12.2012
- Community Arts Partnership—William Reagh Los Angeles Photography Center.
- "Shades of California: The Hidden Beauty of Ordinary Life"; Edited by Kimi Kodani Hill; Heyday Books; ISBN 978-1-890771-44-7 ; accessed 3.30.2012.
- Bancroft Library — Shades of California city and county collections links (bottom of webpage) . accessed 3.30.2012.
- Los Angeles Public Library | Central Library | The Science, Technology, & Patents Department
- Bob Pool. "Saved from Dumpster: Amazing map collection makes librarians tingle". Los Angeles Times date=2012-10-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Angeles Public Library.|
- Official Los Angeles Public Library website
- Los Angeles Public Library online Photo Collection: Photo Collection search engine.
- Library Foundation of Los Angeles
- SaveLAPL website opposing budget cuts impacting L.A. libraries
- Fodors.com— L.A. Central Library
- Consider The Library op-ed from LAist