Los Feliz, Los Angeles
|Neighborhood of Los Angeles|
|Historic bungalow court in southwest Los Feliz (listed in the NRHP)|
Los Feliz is an affluent hillside neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California, abutting Hollywood and encompassing part of the Santa Monica Mountains. It is noted for its historic expensive homes and celebrity inhabitants.
According to the Mapping L.A. project of the Los Angeles Times, Los Feliz is part of Central L.A. Los Feliz is flanked on the north by Griffith Park, on the northeast by Atwater Village, on the southeast by Silver Lake, on the south by East Hollywood and on the northwest by Hollywood and Hollywood Hills.
Street and other boundaries are: the Griffith Park line between Fern Dell Drive and Riverside Drive on the north, Riverside Drive on the east, Hyperion Avenue and Griffith Park Boulevard on the southeast, Fountain Avenue and Hollywood Boulevard on the south, and Western Avenue, Los Feliz Boulevard and Fern Dell Drive on the west and northwest.
||Hollywood Hills||Griffith Pk||Atwater Village & Golden State Fwy|
|Hollywood Hills & Hollywood||Atwater Village & Los Angeles River|
|Hollywood & Hollywood Fwy||Silver Lake & E. Hollywood||Silver Lake & Los Angeles River|
The 2000 U.S. census counted 35,238 residents in the 2.61-square-mile neighborhood—an average of 13,512 people per square mile, among the highest population densities in Los Angeles County. In 2008 the city estimated that the population had increased to 36,933. The median age for residents was 36, older than in the city as a whole; the percentage of residents aged 65 and older was among the county's highest.
The neighborhood was highly diverse ethnically. The breakdown was whites, 57.6%; Latinos, 18.7%; Asians, 13.5%; blacks, 3.7%, and others, 6.6%. Armenia (25.3%) and Mexico (9.4%) were the most common places of birth for the 44.5% of the residents who were born abroad, a high ratio compared to the rest of Los Angeles.
The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $50,793, about the same as the rest of Los Angeles, but a high rate of households earned $20,000 or less per year. The average household size of two people was low for the city of Los Angeles. Renters occupied 75.5% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment owners the rest.
The percentages of never-married men (50.2%) and never-married women (37.2%) were among the county's highest, and was the percentage of widowed women (10.1%).
The area north of Los Feliz Blvd. below Griffith Park is commonly referred to as the Los Feliz Hills. The Los Feliz Hills contain multi-million dollar homes and has been known for a large share of its inhabitants being involved in creative pursuits. This is one of the wealthiest areas of Los Angeles and the mean household income is $196,585.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2013)|
Long before the Spanish settlers arrived to settle near the banks of the Los Angeles River, Native Americans were the only inhabitants. The Native Americans established villages known as rancherias throughout the countryside. One of these settlements was located within the boundaries of what was to become Rancho Los Feliz. Archeological surveys have found evidence of a substantial rancheria that existed in the mouth of Fern Dell Canyon in Griffith Park. It is estimated that the Native Americans first came to this area approximately 10,000 years ago. The traditional name of this village is not known but the inhabitants were Gabrielinos. This name was given by the Spanish because of the Native Americans' association with the San Gabriel Mission. When Gaspar de Portola traveled through the vicinity in 1769, his expedition encountered members of this village.
The 6,647-acre (27 km2) Rancho Los Feliz, one of the first land grants in California, was granted to Corporal José Vicente Feliz. An old adobe house built in the 1830s by his heirs still stands on Crystal Springs Drive in Griffith Park. Other sections of the rancho were developed and became the communities of Los Feliz and Silver Lake.
Rancho Los Feliz had a succession of owners after the Feliz family. One owner, Griffith J. Griffith, donated over half of the ranch to the city of Los Angeles, which became one of the largest city-owned parks in the country.
In 1882, Colonel Griffith Jenkins Griffith acquired 4,071 acres (16 km2) of Rancho Los Feliz. The Lick estate still owned the southwest portion of the rancho and there developed the Lick Tract, which later became a part of Hollywood. Griffith never served in any branch of armed forces in the United States, but he was given a courtesy title of "Colonel" from influential friends in the California National Guard. The title remained a permanent fixture to his name.
Griffith died on July 6, 1919 at the age of 67. Griffith bequeathed $700,000 and his Los Feliz area to the city of Los Angeles to be used for additions to Griffith Park.
Mickey Mouse was "born" in Los Feliz — Walt Disney drew his first image of the now-legendary character in the garage of his uncle's house which was located on Kingswell Avenue between Vermont and Rodney. Disney's first animation studio was on Kingswell Avenue, just down the street from his uncle's house and east of Vermont (now a photocopy store). The second, larger studio (now a Gelson's supermarket) was located at the corner of Griffith Park Blvd and Hyperion Avenue, on the Silver Lake side of the Los Feliz-Silver Lake boundary.
Los Feliz was also home to many other early studios, such as that of D. W. Griffith; the site is home to The Prospect Studios (formally known as First National-Warner Brothers and more recently ABC Television Center), at the intersection of Prospect Avenue and Talmadge Street. On Sunset Boulevard was Monogram Pictures (KCET public television), where early Charlie Chan movies were filmed, as well as "Hurricane" starring Dorothy Lamour and the camp classic "Johnny Guitar". (The western street from that movie remained until the mid-1980s when KCET razed the set to make way for a much-needed parking structure.) The neighborhood has been home to movie stars, musicians, and the Hollywood elite. It boasts some of the best known residential architecture in the city, including two homes designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Ennis House and the Hollyhock House, and Richard Neutra's Lovell House.
May 2007 fire
On May 8–9, 2007, about 800 acres (3.2 km2) of uninhabited terrain in Los Feliz and Griffith Park, including the famous Dante's View, were destroyed in a wildfire. In light of the event, Los Angeles city officials have pledged millions of dollars in aid to reconstruct the parts damaged by the fire over the coming years.
Forty-two percent of Los Feliz residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a high figure for the city.
The schools within Los Feliz are as follows:
- Our Mother of Good Counsel, private elementary, 4622 Ambrose Avenue
- John Marshall Senior High School, LAUSD, 3939 Tracy Street. Designed by architect George M. Lindsey in the Collegiate Gothic style, the school opened on January 26, 1931. After the Sylmar earthquake of 1971, some of Marshall’s buildings were condemned. The cafeteria was torn down, but the Main Building was preserved. In 1975, it was closed for structural strengthening, and in September 1981 it was reopened. Mike Haynes Stadium, the school's football and track arena, dates to 1981.
- Franklin Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 1910 North Commonwealth Avenue
- Los Feliz Elementary School, LAUSD, 1740 North New Hampshire Avenue
- Thomas Starr King Middle School, LAUSD, 4201 Fountain Avenue
Los Feliz village is home or in proximity to numerous restaurants and bars. They are mostly located on Hillhurst between Los Feliz Boulevard and Prospect Avenue, and on Vermont between Franklin Avenue and Hollywood Boulevard. Some were classic dives in their hey-day, frequented by the likes of Charles Bukowski, Lawrence Tierney, sundry working class drunks, poets, artists, writers and other creative types.
The Dresden Room on Vermont, also featured in the film Swingers, has live entertainment by Marty and Elayne. (Marty and Elayne make brief, performing appearances in both Swingers and the fourth-season Mr. Show episode "Rudy Will Await Your Foundation".)
Buena Vista Street, the new entrance to the California Adventure theme park at the Disneyland Resort, is partly modeled after Los Feliz during the 1920s, when Walt Disney first arrived and set up shop in Los Angeles, initially in the garage of his aunt and uncle's Los Feliz house. The area had special importance to Disney since his original animation studios were located here, before moving to the present location in Burbank. The Disney Buena Vista Street even includes a retail location called Los Feliz Five and Dime.
- List of people from Los Feliz, Los Angeles, California
- Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood and Los Feliz
- Robert M. Allan, City Council representative, 1925–27
- Local Spanish feliz is pronounced [feˈlis]. While an approximation of this is often used, more commonly an anglicized pronunciation, //, is used.
-  "Central L.A.," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
-  "Northeast L.A.," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
-  "Los Feliz," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- The Thomas Guide: Los Angeles County, 2004, pages 593 and 594
-  Higley1000.com
- Reuters. Wildfire continues to burn in heart of Los Angeles. Both published and accessed May 9, 2007.
-  "Los Feliz Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
- Live, Bryan (September 7, 2011). "What to Expect on Buena Vista Street in 2012". disneylandlive.com. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Los Feliz, Los Angeles.|
-  Comments about living in Los Feliz
-  Los Feliz crime map and statistics
- Los Feliz Today
- Los Feliz Village Online, business improvement district
- Los Feliz neighborhood site
- Los Feliz Branch Library