Lothar Franz von Schönborn

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Lothar Franz von Schönborn, ca. 1715. Portrait at Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

Lothar Franz von Schönborn (4 October 1655 – 30 January 1729) was the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz from 1694 to 1729 and the Bishop of Bamberg from 1693 to 1729.[1]

Family[edit]

Lothar Franz was born in Steinheim am Main, now suburb of Hanau, in 1655 to Count Philip Erwein of Schönborn. He was a nephew of John Philip of Schönborn, Archbishop of Mainz from 1647 until 1673, and a grand nephew of Georg Friedrich von Greiffenklau, Archbishop of Mainz from 1626 until 1629. Furthermore he was an uncle to the Schönborn-Buchheim branch which included John Philip Francis, Frederick Charles, Hugh Damian and Francis George.[1]

Life[edit]

He was educated at the Jesuit College in Aschaffenburg. 1665 Lothar Franz was appointed Domizellar (canon) of Würzburg Cathedral, 1667 in Bamberg Cathedral. He received a prebendary at Mainz Cathedral in 1674. Lothar Franz made his Grand Tour through Holland, France and Italy. His Biennium (two-year period of preparation) he attended from 1673 to 1675 in Vienna. During this time he kept a pro-imperial life stance. He was appointed canon of Bamberg in 1681 and in Würzburg in 1683. For the Bishop of Bamberg, he travelled in various diplomatic missions and was appointed President of the Court Chamber. In 1689 he was Scholastikus (schoolmaster) and curator in Bamberg and canon of Mainz. Still beeing a canon let design artistically the castle Gaibach since 1694.[1]

In 1693 Lothar Franz was elected the Bishop of Bamberg. In September 1694 he was appointed coadjutor bishop of Anselm Franz von Ingelheim in rivalry to Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg. Despite an opposing recommendation by the Emperor ge succeded Anselm Franz in 1695. During his reign, he increased taxation of the cathedral chapter and eroded some of its rights. In 1707 he was instrumental in the conversion of the Protestant Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel to Catholicism. In 1711 he ensured the election of Charles VI of Austria as the Holy Roman Emperor, and crowned him in Frankfurt Cathedral. Lothar Franz was rewarded by Charles for his loyalty with 100,000 guldens with which he began the construction of Schloss Weißenstein in Pommersfelden. He also built the New Residence of the Bishops at Bamberg (1697-1703) and Favorite Palace at Mainz (1700-1722).[1][2]

Literature[edit]

  • R.H. Thompson: Lothar Franz von Schönborn and the Diplomacy of the Electorate of Mainz. From the Treaty of Ryswick to the Outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession, Springer Netherland 1973; ISBN 978-90-247-1346-2

External links[edit]

Media related to Lothar Franz von Schönborn at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Friedhelm Jürgensmeier (1987), "Lothar Franz von Schönborn", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) 15: 227–228 , (full text online)
  2. ^ Karl Georg Bockenheimer (1891), "Lothar Franz von Schönborn", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 32, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 276 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Marquard Sebastian von Schenk von Stauffenberg
Prince-Bishop of Bamberg
1693–1729
Succeeded by
Friedrich Karl von Schönborn
Preceded by
Anselm Franz von Ingelheim
Archbishop-Elector of Mainz
1694-1729
Succeeded by
Count Palatine Francis Louis of Neuburg