Lotus japonicus

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Lotus japonicus
Lotus japonicus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Loteae
Genus: Lotus
Species: L. japonicus
Binomial name
Lotus japonicus
L.
Synonyms

Lotus japonicus (Regel) K. Larsen, Lotus corniculatus L. var. japonicus Regel, Lotus corniculatus var. japonicus[1][2]

Lotus japonicus is a wild legume that belongs to family Fabaceae. Members of this family are very diverse, constituting about 20,000 species. They are of significant agricultural and biological importance as many of the legume species are rich sources of protein and oil and can also fix atmospheric nitrogen.

L. japonicus has become a model plant for genome studies in legumes, particularly in reference to rhizobial and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Small genome size of about 470 Mb, diploid genome with 6 haploid chromosomes and a short life cycle of about 2 to 3 months makes it a convenient plant to study.[3]

L. japonicus does have several similar characteristics to the legume Medicago truncatula, but they are phylogenetically different and exhibit two different development systems for nodulation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John H. Wiersema. "Lotus japonicus information from NPGS/GRIN". Ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  2. ^ "Australian Plant Name Index - APNI". Anbg.gov.au. 2010-03-02. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  3. ^ Sato, Shusei; Nakamura, Yasukazu; Kaneko, Takakazu; Asamizu, Erika; Kato, Tomohiko; Nakao, Mitsuteru; Sasamoto, Shigemi; Watanabe, Akiko et al. (2008). "Genome Structure of the Legume, Lotus japonicus". DNA Research 15 (4): 227–39. doi:10.1093/dnares/dsn008. PMC 2575887. PMID 18511435.